Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/166

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BUSiI\' ESS

2-15; Milk v. Christie, 1 Hill (N. Y.) 106; Hockin v. Cooke, 4 Term, 31d.

{{anchor+|.|BUSINESS. This word embraces every- thing about which .1 person can be employed. PL-uple v. Uom'rs of Taxes, 23 N. Y. :52, '_-14

'1hat which occupies the time, attention, and iuhnr of men for the purpose of a liveli- hood or profit. The doing of a single act 1'Jel'I.:1.l.L|ll.ig to a particular business will not be considered engaging 1n or carrying on the business; yet a seues of such acts would be red. Goddzird v. Uh:1i1'cc, 2 Allen M, 7!) Am. Dec. 196; Sterne v. State,


Labor, business, und walk are not synonyms. Labor may be business, but II. is not necesszuily so; and business is not always inbor. Making an l1glLBLuE|]|. fo the sale of a chattel is not within a prob‘ ion of labor upon SuudIlV, though it ls (i by a merchant in his calling) uitiun a prohibition upon business. Bicom v. Itichards, 2 Ohio St. 3357.

{{anchor+|.|BUSINESS HOURS. Those hours of the (lay dunng vshich, in 3 glven community, com- lilei'l.l:1i, banking, pI'ufe,>'siunal, public, or other itinds of business are ordinarily carned on.

This phrase is declared to moan nut the Lime Lluung winch 3 printipni requires an employee's scnites, but the business hours of the community gen -rally. Du-rosin v. itailruad 00.. 18 Minn. 13.3, (Gii. 111).)

{{anchor+|.|BUSONBS GOMITATUS. iaw. The barons of a county.

In old English

IBUSSA. A term used in the old English in“, to designate a large and clnmslly constructed ship.

{{anchor+|.|BUTLERAG-E. A privilege formerly allowed to the kings butier, to take a certain part of every cash or wine imported by an alien.

{{anchor+|.|BUTLEIVS ORDINANCE. In English law. A law for the heir to punish waste in the life of the ancestor. “'1'hough it be on record in the parliament book of Edward 1.. yet it ncver was a statute. nor ever so received; but only some constitution of the king's council, or lords in parliament, whirh never obtained the strength or force of an act of parii.1ment." Hale, Hist. Eng. Law, p. 18.

{{anchor+|.|BUTT. A measure of liquid capacity, equal to one hundred and eight gallons; aiso

1 measure of land.

{{anchor+|.|BUTTALS. The bounding lines of land at the end; abuttnls, which see.

IBUTTED AND BO'UN'D]-JD. A phrase sometimes used in conveyancing, to intro duce the boundaries of lands. See Burrs AND Bcunns.

{{anchor+|.|BUTTS. In old English law. Short piece of land left unplowed at the ends of

158

{{anchor+|.|BY UUD AND M)‘ COUNTRY

tieids, where the piow was turned about, (otherwise called “head.1unds,“) as sideilngs were similar nnpiowed pieces on the sides. Burrilt

Also a place where howmen meet to shout at a mark.

{{anchor+|.|BUTTS AND BOUNDS. A phrase used in conveyancing, to describe the end lines or circumscribing lines of a certain piece of land. The phrase “mates and bounds" has the same meaning.

{{anchor+|.|BUTTY. A local term in the north of England, for the associate or deputy of an- other; also of things used in common.

{{anchor+|.|BUY. ’1‘o acquire the ownership of prop-

erty by givtug an accepted price or cunslnle1-.1- tion therefor: or by agreeing to do so; to ac- quire by the payment of a price or value; In purchase. W'ebste1'. —Bny in. . To purchase, at public sale, prop- erty which is one's own or which one has caused or procured to be sold.—Buyex-. One who buys: a pnrclmser, particuiarly of chattels.- Buying titles. ’1be purchase of the rights or cinims to real estate of a person who is not in I)C|SSL.i\‘i0I1 of the land or is diseisid. Haiti. and an offense, at Common law. Whitaker \- Cnne, 2 Johns. Cos. (N. Y.) 59: Brinicy v. Whiting, 5 Pick. Glass.) 356.

{{anchor+|.|BY. This word, when descriptively used in a grant, does not mean "in immediate contact with," but "near" to, the object to which it reiates; and “ne-.1r" la a relative term, meaning, when used in land patents, xery unequal and ditfcrent distances. Wells V. Mfg. Co., 48 N. H. 491.

A contract to cumpiete work by a certain time, means that it shall be done before that time Rankin v. Woodworth, 3 Pen. 8: W. (I’a.) 4.3.

By an acquittanoe for the last pay- ment all other nrrearngea are discharged. Noy, 40.

{{anchor+|.|BY-BIDDING. See BID.

{{anchor+|.|BY BILL, BY BILL WITHOUT WRIT. In practice. Terms anciently used to designate actions commenced by original bill. as distinguished from those commenced by original writ, and applied In modern i)l:1tLiLt: to suits commenced by capias ad respondendum. 1 Arch. Pr. pp. 2, 337; Harhness V. Harlmess, 5 Hill (N. Y.) 213.

{{anchor+|.|BY ESTIMATION. In conveyancing. A term used to indicate that the quantity of land as stated is estimated only, not exactly measured; has the same meaning and ellfect as the phrase “more or less." Tarbell v. Bowman, 103 Mass. 341; Mendenbaii v. Stecliel. 47 Md. 45 28 Am. Itep. 431; Hays V. Hays. 126 Ind. 92 25 1\'. E. 000. 11 L. R. A. 376.

{{anchor+|.|BY G-OD AND MY COUNTRY. In aid

English criminal practice. The established