Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/170

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CALENDAR. 1. The established order of the division of time into years, months, weeks, and days; or a systematized enumeration of such arrangement; an almanac. Rives v. Guthrie, 46 N. C. 86.

—Calendar days. So many days reckoned according to the course of the calendar. For example, a note dated January 1st and payable “thirty calendar days after date," without grace, is payable on the 31st day of January, though if expressed to be payable simply "thirty days after date," It would be payable February 1st.—Calendar month.}} One of the months of the year as enumerated in the calendar,—January, February, March, etc.—without reference to the number of days it may contain: as distinguished from a lunar month, of twenty-eight days, or a month for business purposes, which may contain thirty, at whatever part of the year it occurs. Daley v. Anderson. 7 Wyo. J, 48 Pac. 840, 75 Am. St. Rep. 370; Migotti v. Colvil, 4 C. P. Div. 233; In re Parker's Estate, 14 Wkly. Notes Cas. (Pa.) 566.—Calendar year.}} The calendar year is composed of twelve months. varying in length according to the common or Gregorian calendar. In re Parker's Estate. 14 Wkly. Notes Cas. (Pa) 566.

2. A list or systematic enumeration of causes or motions arranged for trial or hearing in a court.

—Calendar of causes. In practice. A list of the causes instituted in the particular court, and now ready for trial, drawn up by the clerk shortly before the beginning of the term, exhibiting the titles of the suits, arranged in their order for trial, with the nature of each action, the date of issue, and the names of the counsel engaged; designed for the information and convenience of the court and bar. It is sometimes called the “trial list," or “docket."—Calendar of prisoners.}} In English practice. A list kept by the sheriffs containing the names of all the prisoners in their custody, with the several judgments against each in the margin. Staundef P. C. 182; 4 Bl. Comm. 403.—Special calendar.}} A calendar or list of causes, containing those set down specially for hearing, trial, or argument.

CALENDS. Among the Romans the first day of every month, being spoken of by it- self, or the very (lay of the new moon, which usually happen together. And if pfirlle, the day before be added to It, then it is the last day of the foregoing month, as pmlie culcmi. Scpfcmb. is the last (lay of August. If any number he placed with it. il* signifies that day in the former month nhich comes so much before the month named, as the tenth calends nf October is the 20th day of Septeinber; for if one reckons backwards. beginning at Octo- her. that 20th day of September makes the 10th day before October. In March, May. Ju.iv, and October, the caiends begin at the sixteenth day, but in other months at the fourteenth; which calcnds must ever hear the name of the month following, and be numbered backwards from the firsl: day of the said following months. Jacob. See Rives v. Guthrie. 46 N. C. 87.

GALENDS, GREEK. A metaphorical expression for a time never likely to arriva

CALL, n. 1. In English law. The election of students to the degree of barrister at law, hence the ceremony or epoch of election, and the number of persons elected.

2. In conveyancing. A visible natural object or landmark designatedinapateut. entry. grant, or other convgvunce of lands, as a limit or boundary to the land described, with which the points of surveying inust cor respond. Also the courses and distziiues do ignated. King v. Watkins (C. C.) 98 Fed. 922; Stockton v. Morris, 39 W. Va 432 19 S. E. 531.

3. In corporathn law. A "cmaud made by the directors of a stock company upon the persons who have subscribed for shares, re quiring a certain portion or installment of the amount subscribed to be paid in. Thr word, in this sense, in synonymous with "as sessmcnt," (q. 1:.)

A call is an assessment on shares of slow! usually for unpaid installments of the sub scription thereto. The word is said to be ru- paiile of three meanings: (1) The resolution of the directors to levy the assessment; ('2) its notification to the persons liable to pay: (3) the time when it becomes pa able. llnll way Co. v. Mitchell, 4 Exch. 5 Haich r. Dana, 10] U. S. 205, 25 L. Ed. 835: 1l' Co. v. Spreckles, 65 Cal. 193. 3 Pac. 661. SC‘: Stewart v. Pub. Co., 1 Wash. St. 521, 20 PM. 605.

4. In the language of the stock ex-

‘ a "cail" is an option to cLiini stock at a fixed price on a certain day. “hiie v. Treat (C. C.) 100 Fed. 290; Lumber Co. v Whitebreast Coal Co.. 160 Ill. 85, 43 N. E. 774, 31 I. R. A. 529.

CALL, 1;. To summon or demand by name: to demand the presence and participation M a number of persons by calling aloud their names. either in a pre-arranged and s_\sl:A matlc order or in a succession determined ‘by chance.

—Call of the house. A call of the names of all the members of a legislative body, mnric l;; the clerk in pursuance of a resolution requiring the attendance of members. The niuncs of ab- senlces being thus ascerlaincd, they are im pcratively summoned (and. ' nor-nssarv. coi - polled) to attend the session —Dalling a suinnions. In Scotch practice. See this drscrill. :1 in "Bell, Dict.— the docket. The pub lic coiling of the docket or list of causes at ts conimcnremcu‘ of a term of court, for the purpose of disposing of tile same with regard to st!- ting a time for trial or entering ortlcrs of mutinurince, default, uonsuit. clc. T’-lanchnrrl v. Ferdinand. 132 Mass. 391.—Calling the jury. Successively drawing out of a box into uhIv.‘o they have been previously put the namcs of list jurors on the panels annexed to the min‘ prior record, and caliing thcm oicr in the (7l‘Ill'l' it. which they are so drawn. The tw 've persm‘! whose nmnca are first called, and uho any var. are sworn as the jury. unless some just (ms: of challenge or excuse, with respect to flu_\ of them. shall be brought forward.-Calling: the plaintiir. In practice. A formal methmi of causing a nonsuit to be entered. When a plaintitf or his counsu-l. sccin-,: that sufiicicnt cvideun has not been gii-cu to maintain the issue, with draws, the crinr is ordered to call or demiuil

the plaintitf, and if neither he, nor any DCl‘FUli