Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/216

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CLERICAL

clergyable felony was one of that dass in which clergy was allowabie. 4 Bl. Comm. 371-373.

CLERICAL. Pertaining to clergyman: or pertaining to the office or iabor of a cierk.

—C1erica1 error. A mistake in vn'it.in,g_ or copying; the mistake of a clerk or writer. 1 Ld. m. 1bB.—ClerlcaI tonsnre. The having the head shaven, which was formerly pecuiinr to clerks, or persons in orders, and which the coilfs worn by serjeants at law are supposed to have been introduced to conceal. 1 Bl. Comm. 24. note 1; 4 Bl. Comm. 367.

In old the

CLEEICALE PRIVTLEGIUM. English law. The clerical privilege; privilege or beneflt of clergy.

CLERICI DE CANCELLARIA. Clerks of the chancery.

Cleriei non ponantnr in ofiioiia. Co. Litt. 9G. Clergy men should not be placed In

offices; L 2., in secular offices. see Lotft. 508. C In E R. I C I PRIENOTARII. The six

clerks in chaucery. 2 Reeve, Eng. Law, 251.

CLERICO ADNUTTENDO. inrrisnno CLEBICD.

See Ao-

CLERICO CAPTO PER STATUTUM MERCATORUM. A writ for the delivery of a clerk out of prison, who was taken and incarcerated upon the breach of a statute merchant. Reg. Orig. 147.

CL]-IRICO CONVICTO COMMISSO GAOLIE IN DEFECTU ORDINARH DELLBI-:RA.N'.l)0. An ancient writ. that lay for the deliiery to his ordinary of a clerk convicted of felony, where the ordinary did not chailenge him according to the privilege of clerks. Reg. Orig. 69.

CLERICO INFRA SACROS ORDINES CONSTITUTO, NON ELIGENDO IN OF- PICIUM. A Writ directed to those who had thrust a haillwick or other office upon one in holy orders. charging them to release hlm. Reg. Orig. 143.

CLEEICUS. In Roman law. A minister of religion in the Christian church; an eccleslastic or priest Cod. 1, 3; Nov. 3, 123, 137. A general term. including bishops, priests, deacons, and others of interior order. Brissonins.

In old English law. A clerk or priest; a person in holy orders; a secular priest; a clerk of a court.

Au officer of the royal household. having charge of the receipt and payment of moneys. etc. Eleta enumerates seveia] of them, with their appropriate duties; as clm-£0145 ooq-uime. clerk of the kitchen; nlericus panetr‘ et

208

CLERK

butelr', clerk or the pantry and buttery. Lib. 2, cc. 18, 19. —Clex-icrn mercati. In aid Engiisli law. Clerk of the market. 2 Inst. 543.—Clex-icni fiarfchialil. In old English law. A parish er .

Clerlcns at ngrlcole et moi-cater, tempo:-e belli, ut ox-et, colnt, at comniutet, pace fi-nnntur. 2 Inst. 58. Clergyineu. liusbandnien, and merchants, in order that they may preach, cuitivate, and trade enjoy peace in tlnie of war.

Clea-icun non connnmeretur in dnalnu occlcsiis. 1 Itolle. A ciergyman should not be appointed to two churches.

CLERIGOS. In Spanish ia\v. Clergy; men chosen for the service of God. Vihite, New Recap. b. 1, tit 5, ch. 4.

CLERK. In ecclesiastical law. A person in holy orders; a ciergyman; an individ- ual attached to the ectiesiastical state, uud who has the clerical tonsuie. See 4 Bl. Comm. 366, 367.

In practice. A person employed In I public ollice, or as an oliicer of a court, whose duty is to keep records or accounts.

In commercial law. A person empioyed by a merchant, or in a mercantile estahIrh- meat, as a salesman, book-keeper, account- ant, amanuensis, etc.. invested with more or less authority in the administration of some branch or department of the business, while the principai himself supcrlnteuda the whole, State v. Barter, 58 N. H. (504; Haniuel V. State, 5 Mo. 264; Railroad Co. v. Tiust 00.. 82 Md. 535, 34 Atl. 778, 38 L. B. A. 97.

—Clerk of artaigal. In English iuvr. An assistant to the clerk of assise. His duties are in the crown court on circuit.—Clex-k of assiae. In English law. Officers who odiciate as associates on the circuits. They record ali judicial proceedings done by the judizes on the circuit.—Clex-k of court. An ofhcer of a court of justice who has charge of the clericai part of is business, who keeps its records and seal, issues process. enters judgments and orders. gives certibed copies from the records. etc. Peterson v. Suite. 45 Wis. 5-10; Ross v. Heathcock. 57 Wis. 89. 15 N. W. 9; Gordon v. State, 2 Tex App. 154; U. S. v. Warren. 12 Oki. 350, 7] Pac. 6S5—C1erk of enroll- ments. In English lav». The former chief ofhcer of the English enroliment office, (11. v.) He new forms part of the stilt‘ of the central cflicel—Cle1-k of the crown in chancary. See Cxovm OFFICE IN CEANCERY.—C1el‘k of the house of commons. An iinportant officer of the English house of commons. He is appointed by the crown as under-clerk of the par laments to attend upon the commons. He makes a declaration. on entering upon his office. to make true entries. remeinbrnnces, and journals of the things done and passed in the house He signs all orders of the house. indorses the hills sent or returned to the lords, and reads whatever is required to be read in the house. He has the custoily of all records nnrl other docuinents .\.[av. Parl. Pr. 236.- Clerk of the market. The overseer or su-

perintendent of :1 public mnrket. In aid Eaglish lavr. he was a quasi ju cial officer. having power to settle controversies arising iii the