Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/220

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CODE

compilafions of isw which make up the Corpus Jwris (Jim .r is name is often met in a conncction in sting that the entire Corpus .Iuris Ciiiiis is intended, or, sometimes, the Dine: hut its use should he confined to the Code .

e penal. Tl.ie penal or rriminiil code of France, enacted in 1Si0.—Codiflc:ition. The process of colit-cting and arranging the iaws of o. country or state into a code, 5, a. into I1 complete system of positive law, scientiiically ordered, nnd promulgated by legisiatlve authority.

CODEX. Lat A code or collection of laws; pzirticularly the Code of Justinian. Also a roll or volume, and in book written on paper or parchment.

—Cod.ex Gregofinnul. A collection of imperinl constitutions made by Gregorins, a Im- msn jurist of the fifth century, nbont the middle of the century. It contained the constitutions from Ilndrinn down to Constantine Mac- keld. Rom. Lnvi, 5 63.—Codex Hex-mogenh nnul. A colicction of imperial constitutions made by Hermogenes, a jurist of the fifth cen- It was nothinz more than a supplement to the Codex Gregorinnus. (suprs,) conin' ' the constitutions of Diocletian and Max . Mackeld. Rom. Lnvr, § 63.—Codex Justinianeus. A coiiection of imperial cunstitiitions, made by a commission of ten pereons appointed by Justinian, A. D. 52S.—Codex x-epetitaa prazlectionis. The new code of Justinian; or the new edition of the first or old code. promulgated A. D. 534. bein the one now extant. Mackeld. Item. I/uvr, i Tayi. Civil Law. ?Z.—Codex Tlieodosianus. Acode compiled by the emperor Theodosiiis the younger,

. . 43$ being a metliodirnl coiiection. in sixteen books, of all the imperial constitiiti ns then in force. It was the only body of civil law pnhiiciv received as authentic in the western part of Europe tiii the twelfth century, the use and authority of the Code of Justinian heing during that interviil confined to the East. 1 Bl. Comm. .—Codex vetus. T1.ie old Code. The first edition of the Code of Justinian; now lost. Mackeid. Rom. Law, 570.

CODICIL. A testamentary disposition subsequent to s will, and by which the wili is altered, explained, added to, subtracted from, or confirmed by Way of republication, but in no case totniiy revoked. Lamh v. Lamb. 11 Pick. (Mnss.) 376; Diinham v. Averill, -15 Conn. 79, 29 Am. Rep. 642: Green v. Lane, 45 N. C. 113; Griillbfiii v. Pnttou. 70 Aln. 631; Proctor v. Clarke, 3 Redf. Sur. (N. Y.) 443.

A codicil is an addition or supplement to a will, either to add to, take from, or alter the provisions of the will. It must be executed with the same formality as s will, and, when admitted to probate, forms a part of the will. Tlode GB. 1882, § 2404.

CODICILLUS. In the Roman law. A codicil; an Lnformni and inferior kind of will, in use among the Romans.

COEMPTIO.}} Mutual purchase. One of the modes in which marriage was contracted among the Romzins. The man and the Woman delivered to ench other a small piece of money. Thc mun asked the woman whether she would liecome to him a hint-erfamiliaa, (mistress of his fainiiy.) to which she replied that she would. In her turn she asked the man

212

COG NATIO

whether he would become to her a paternmmas, (master of a family.) On his replying in the affirmative, she delivered her piece of money and herself into his hands, and so became his wife. Adams, Rom. Ant 501

C0-EMPTION. The act of purchasing the whole quantity of any commodity. Wharton.

COERCION. Compulsion; force; duress It may be either actual, (direct or positive.) where physical force is put upon a man to compel him to do an act against his will, or implied, (legal or constructive) where the relation of the pnrties is such that one is under subjection to the other, and is thereby constrained to do what his free will unnld refuse. State v. Dariington, 153 ind. i. 53 N. E. 9'.’ Chappell v. Trent. 90 Va. 849, 19 S. E. 314; [ladjch v. Hutchins, 95 U. S. 213, 24 L Ed. -100; Peyser v. New York, 70 N. Y 497, 26 Am. Rep. 624; State v. Boyie, 13 R. I. 53S.

C0-EXECUTOR. One Who is a joint executor with one or more others. COFFEE-HOUSE. A house of enteruiin-

ment where guests are supplied with coffee and other refreshments, and sometimes- with lodging. Century Dict. A coflee-house is not an inn. Thompson v. Lucy. 3 Burn. & Aid. 283; Pitt v. Lamiiig, 4 Camp. 77; In- Sll1"<lllCB Co. v. Langdon, 6 Wend. (N-. Y.) 6'27; Com. v. Woods. -1 Ky. Law Rep. 262.

COPFERER OF THE QUEEN'S HOUSI-ll-IOLD. In Engilsh law. A pricnipzii oiiicer of the royal establishment, next under the eontroiier. Who, in the counting— house and elsewhere, had a special Cl'iflI‘§l' and oversight of the other ofllcers, wbose wages he paid.

Cogitntionis pcenaxn nemo patitur. Nu

one is pu_nislied for his thoughts. Dig. 48. 19, 1S. COGNATES. (Lat oagnati.) Relations

by the mother’s side, or by females. lilac- keid. Rom. Law, 5 144. A common term in Scotch law. Erslc. inst. 1, 7, 4.

COGNATI. Lat. In the civil law. Cognates; relations ivy the mother's side. 2 Bl. Comm 235. Relations in the line of the mother. Hale, Com. Low, c. xi. Relations by or through females.

COGNATIO.}} Lat. In the civil law. Cngnation. Relationship, or kindred gener-

ally. Dig. 38, 10, 4, 2; Inst. 3. 6, pr.

Iieiatioiiship through femaies, as distin- guished from apmitin, or relationship through males. Agnatio a palm .-at, enq- notio a nuzfre. Inst 3, 5, 4. See Aommo.

In canon law. Consnnguinity, as distin- guished from affinity. -1 Reeve, Eng. Liw, 56-58.

consanguinity, as including aflinlty. Id.