Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/259

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one person in one place to another person in another place. See CONSIGN.

CONSIGNOR. One who sends or makes a consignment. A shipper of goods.

Consilia multornm qumrnntnr in magnii. 4 inst. 1 The counsels of many are required in great things.

CONSILIARIUS. In the civil law. A couuselior, as distinguished from a pleadsr or adiomte. An assistant judge. One who participates in the decisions. Du Cange.

CONSILIUM. A day appointed to hear the counsel of both parties. A case set down for argument.

it is commonly used for the day appointed for the »'i|;:l1ll]1!liC of K1 demurrer, or errors assigned. 1 Tidal, Pr. 438.

CONSIMILI CASU. In practice. A writ of entry, fniincil under the provisions of the Statute Westminster 2. (13 Edw. I.,) c. 24, “Inch lay for the benefit of the reversioner, “here a tenant by the curtesy allened in fee or for life.

CONSISTING. Being composed or made up of This word is not synonymous with "lncluding:" for the istter, wiien Iised In -onnection with a number of specified oh- iccts, always implies that there may he others which are not mentioned. Farisli v. Cook, 6 Mo. App. 331.

CONSISTORIUM. The state council of the Roman emperors. Maclield. Rom. Law, I 58.

CONSISTORY. In ecclesiastical law. An

asseinhiy of cardinals convoked by the pope.

CONSISTORY COURTS. Courts held by diocesan bishops within their several cathedrals, for the trial of ecclesiastical causes arising within their respective dioceses. The iiishop's chancellor, or his conimissary. Is the judge; and from his sentence an ap- [led] iies to the archbishop. Muzley & Whit- lei‘.

CONSOBRINI. In the civil law. Cousins-gzerman, in general; lirotli . , and sisters‘ (hiidren, considered in their reiation to each rtlicr.

CONSOCIATIO.}} Lat. An association, fellowship, or partnership. Applied by some of the older writers to a corporation, and even to a nation considered as a body politic. Thomas v. Dnhin, 22 \\ end. (N. Y.) 104.

CONSOLATO DEL MARE. The mime vi‘ a cude of sea-laws. said to have been compiled by order of the kings of Arratzon (or, according to other authorities, at Pisa or Bar-



celona) in the fourteenth century, which comprised the maritime ordinances of the Roman emperors, of France and Spain, and of the Italian commercial powers. This compilation exercised a considerable influence in the formation of European maritime law.

CONSOLIDATE. To consolidate means something more than rearrange or redivide. In a general sense, it means to unite into one mass or body, as to consolidate the forces of an army, or various funds. In pitriiamentitry usage, to consolidate two hills is to unite them into one. In law, to consolidate beneflces is to comhine them into one. Fairview v. Dui-land, 45 ‘own, 56.

—Consolidated fund. 1n England. A fund for the payment of the public dehL—Cnnsu].i- dated laws or statutes. A coiiectiou or compilation into one statute or one code or volume of all the iuws of the state in generai, or of tlicvse reintin,-z to a particular subject" neariy the some as “conipiied laws" or "coin1 iied staimes." See (‘niiriL.n'|o\i. And see l-‘ilis v.

)0 Mix li. 170, 58 N. ‘V. 935): Graham \. U County (‘lcik. 111: Mich. 571. 74 N. W. 729.—Consolidnted orderl. The orders regulating the Dl‘1('II(9 of the En_::i' h court of chancery, which in-re iSSllf‘li ' IQHIJ. in substitution for the various orders which had prcvionsiy been promulgated from time to time.

CONSOLIDATION. In the civil law. The union of the nsufruct with the estate out of which it issues, in the some person: which happens when the usufi'u(-tu:ir,v ac- quires the estate, or vice ‘verso. In EIUIET case the usufruct is extinct. Lec. El. Dr. Rani 424.

In Scotch law. The junction of the prop- erty iind siiper'orit_v of an estate, Where they have been d.i ued. Bell.

—Cunso1id:ition of motions. The act or process of uniting several actions into one iris] and judgment, by order of in court, where ail the actions are between the same parties. pending in the same court, and turning upon the same or simiiiir issues: or the court may order tiiat one of the actions he tried, and the others decided without trial according to the judgment in the one selected. Powell v. Gray. 1 a 77' Jnckson v. Ch-imheriin. 5 Cow. (N. Y _.

Thompson v. Shepherd. 9 Johns. (N. Y.) 26.. —Consolidation of benefices. The act or process of uniting two or more of them into one.—Consolidatian of corporations. The union or merger into one corporate body of two or more corporations which had been separately created for simiiar or connected purposes In England this is termed "nniniganiotion." When the rights, franchises, and effects of two or more corporations are, by ie:-zrii autiiorily and agreement of the parties, combined and nnitcd into one whole, and committed to a singic corporation, the stockhoiders of which are composed of those (so for as they choose to become such) of the companies thus agreeing. this is in law, and according to common understanding, R consolidation of such companies, whether such sin;-'ie corporation, called the consoiidnted com--inv. be a new one then created, or one of the ori, . companies. continuing in existence with only 1-irger rights, capacity, and property. h_Ic_ver v. Johnston, B4 Ala. 1351;: Shsdfnrd v. Itiilwny 00.. 130 Mic 00. 30 N. W. 960; Adams v. Railroad Co., Miss. 194. 24 South. 200. 28 South. 956, 60 L R. A. 33; Plngree v. Rail-