Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/285

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CORPUS HUMANUM

Corpus hnmannm non reeip-it meti- iiietlniieni. The hum-.in body does not ad- iult of valuation. Hob. 59.

CORPUS JURIS. A body of law. A herm used to signify a book comprehending several collections of law. There are two ])l'lI.‘l[)l'il collections to which this name is given; the Corzms Jun}: Cwilis, and the Corpus Jurls L'an.onici'.

—Cox-pus Jiu-is canonici. The body of the umiu law A compilation of the canon law, aiiuprising the decrees and canons of the _Ron_1au Chrcb. constituting the body of ecclesiasucal

17 0|’ that cliurc-h.—Cor1ius Juris eivilin.

lie body of the ciril law. The system of lio- man jurisprudence compiled and codified under the direction of _the emperor Justiiiian. in A. . '»3—L This collection comprises the Inmiutcs. Digest. (or Pnndccts.) Code, and N_ovels. ‘ilie name is said to have been Qii-st applied to this collection early in the seventeenth century.

CORRECTION. Discipline: chastisement administered by a master or other person in authority to one who has committed nu offense, for the purpose of curing his tuults or bringing him into proper subjection.

—Col-rection, house 01’. A prison for the reformation of petty or juvenile offenders.

CORRECTOR OF THE STAPLE. In old English law. A clerk belonging to the st.-ipie, to write and record the bargains of merchants there made.

CORREGIDOR. In Spanish law. A nigistraite who took cognizance of various misdemeanors, and of civil matters. 2 \’Vl1lte. New Recap. 53.

CORREI. Lat. In the civil law. stipuiuloiez joint stipulntors. —Cni-rel cx-edendi In the civil and Scotch crcdi tors in solidri. Poth. . 11.—Cor1-ei debemli. lu Scutcli l-iw. Two or more persons bound as primflial debtors to another. Ersk. Inst. 3, 3, 1-1.

00-

(Jhl, pt. 2. c 4, art.

CORR]-JLATIVE. Haring a mutual or i'€<'l'|Al'u(:.ll relation. in such sense that the existence of one necessarily implies the ex- istence of the other. Father and son nre mrrelatire terms. Right and duty are corrniative terms.

CORRESPONDENCE. Interchange of written t:oi.ni.nunic.itioiis. The letters written try a person and the answers written by the urn!‘ to whom they are addressed

CORROBORATE. To strengthen; to Idd “eight or C1 edihillty to a thing by additional and confirming facts or evidence. Still v. State (Tex. Cr. IL) 50 S. W. 3’ : State v. llirks, 6 S. D 325. 60 N. W. (16 Schefter v Hatch. 70 Him. 597. 25 N. Y. Supp. 240.

The expression "curroboriiting circumstances" clearly dncs_nut mean facts which, independent in I: confession, will warrant a conviction; for

277

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then the verdict wouid stand not on the con- fession, but upon those independent circuinst:icnes. To corroborate is to strengthen, to confirm by additional security. to add strength. The tescinion of a witness is said to be corroboiatcd when it is shown to correspond with the representation of some other witness, or to coinport With some facts otherwise known or established. Corroliornting circumstances, then. used in ref- erence tu a confession, are such as serve to strengthen it, to render it more probable; such, in short, as may serve to impress ci jury u. h a belief in its truth. State v. Guild, 10 N. J. Law. 163. 18 Am. Dec. 404.

—Corrobur.ati.ng evidence. Evidence suppie- uientary to that already given and tending to strengthen or confirm it; additional eridcnce of a different character to the same point. Gilderslceve v. Atkinson. 0 N. M. 2:10, 27 Pac. -177: Mills v. Comm. ()3 Va. 813, Q S. E). 863; Code Civ. Proc. CnL 1903. 5 1830.

Corruptio optinii est pessimn. C0l1‘l1ption of the best is Worst.

CORRUPTION. Illegulity; a vicious and fraudulent intention to evade the prohibitions of the law.

The act of an official or fiduciary person who unlawfully and wrongfully uses his station or character to procure some benefit for himself or for another person, contrary to duty and the rights of others. U. S. v. Johnson (G. C.) 26 Fed. 682; Stete v. Ragsdnie, 59 Mo. App. 603: Wight v. Rindshopt, 43 Wis. 351; Worsham v. Murchison. 66 Ga. 719; U. S. v. Edwards (0. O.) 43 Fed. 67.

CORRUPTION OF BLOOD. In English law. This was the consequence of attaimicr. It meant thut the uttainted person could neither inherit lands or other heredltaments from his ancestor, not retain those he al- ready had, nor triuisimt tlietn by descent to any heir. because his blood was r-one-ldered in law to be corrupted. Avery v. Everett. 110 N. Y 317. 18 N. E. 148. 1 L. R. A. 204. 6 Am. St. Rep. 368. This was abolished by St. 3 dz 4 Win. IV. C. 106, and fi dz 34 Vict c. 23.

and is unknown in America. Const. U. S. art. 3. 5 3 CORSELET. Ancient armor which cov-

ered the body.

CORSE-PRESENT. A mortuary. thus termed l)[‘C-'lllSe, when a mortuary became due on the death of :1 man, the host or second hcst boast was, according to custom, ofirered or presented to the priest, and carried with the corpse In Wales a eorse-present was due upon the death of o clei__ymni1 to the bishop of the diocese. till nliollshed by 12 Anne St. 2, c. G 2 Bl. Comm. Q6.

CORSNED. In Snvon law. The morsel of esecmtion. A species of ordeal In use among the Saxons. performed by eating a piece of bread over which the priest h.id pronounced a certain imprecation, if the accused ate it freely. he was pmnminiod innocent; but, if it stuck in his throat. it was considered as a proof or his guiit. Crabb,

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