Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/323

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DAMAGES

V. Terwllliger. 116 N. Y. 530. 22 1\'. E. 1091; Springer 1'. Fuel 03.. 196 Pu. §t 46 A . .".uv: Scott v. Don-nld 16 . o . 17 Sup. D‘! 241.’). 41 L. Ed. lt!l-. Gi mg l iin v. Railroad -Q, 3-": W. Va. 58S. 14 S. E. 1+3. 1-1 L. R. A. i‘.}S. 29 Am. St. Rep. 827 ; Boydan v. Hahers- nimpf. Iich. 13 , 88 N. W. .586 ' Oliver V. ll:¢ill'II.-fl C . 0-) S. (J. 1, 43 S. E. 307: Murphy ulnhlis. 7 Cole. 541, 5 Pac. 119, 40 Am. Itei.

Pi-oximste and 1-ciiiote. Proxiinnte dam- ages are the immediate and direct damages and natural results of the act complained of, and such as are usual and might have been expectel. Remote damages are those attrihutable imiiinlutely to an intervening cause. though it form: a link in an uiiliruken chain of causation, so that the l‘El‘llll""- damage would not have occurred If its elcmtnts had not been set in motion by the original art or event. Henry v. ltiiilruad Co.. 50 Cal. 1b.}: Kuhn v. Jewett. 32 N. .1. 12. 6-19: Pielke v. Railroad Co.. 5 Dnk. -l-l-l. 4] W, will The it-‘l"l|lS “remote dam- aui" and “consequential damages“ are not syn- IIIIJEHOUS nor to be used inlercliangl-ably; all l1]f"‘ danin_-so is consequential, but it is by no mains truu that all conscqiiential damage is naive. Eaton v. Railroad Cu, 5] N. H. 511. l2 Am. Rep. 147.

Other compound and descriptive terms. -Actual damages are real. substantial and Just damages, or the amount nwardcd to a m..plains_nt ln compensation for his actual and rail his or injury, as opposcd on the one hand in "nomina " damages, and on the nlhcr to "ex- emplary" or “puuilive" d.lI.L\‘.t,‘I4’-‘E. Ross v. L0.- golr, G1 Mlch. 4-15. 28 i\'. W (11.1. 1 Am. St. liep. 608; Lord v. Vvnoil. 120 luwn. 1303. {H.- N. W. $42: “'csl.e1'n I‘iiitiu Tc]. Co. _ sou, GI". Lian. G60. 72 Pac ‘“l.%‘ Field v. Muns 11 Tex. Civ. App. . o2 S. Vi‘. 417: r v. Columbia, el;c.. IL Co.. 65 S. C. 1. -E . . 307: Gatzow v. Bncning. 106 Wis. 1. 81 N. W. 1003. -19 L. R. A. 475. 80 m. St. Rep. 1: Oshoin v. Leach. 135 v. C. £7 .\'. ll}. S11. 66 L. R. A. 648: Gen. St. Minn. N04 § 1':-11S.— ifirmative damages. In ad- uiiralty law. nflirmutive damages are damages ullch a respondent in a libel for injuries to a heel may recovcr, which may be in cxcrss of o sniount which the lihellaut would he cutilcrl to claim. Fhcrt v. The Reuben Doud (D. C.) 3 Fed. 520.—Civ-i1 damages. Those nwardctl against a liquor-seller to the reiative. guardian, or employer of the person to whom the sales were made. on a showing that the pl-uiitiff has been thereby lrtiured ln person. pi-npei'ty, or menus of support. Flcadinpzton v. Smith. 113 Itmn. 107. Si N. W. 9§2.—Contin- gent daaiinges. Where a demurrer has hccn filed to one or more counls in a di-clnnition, and HS consideration. is postponed, and meanwhile other counts in the same declaration. not demurred to, are taken as issucs, and trictl, and damages awarded upon them. such damages are milled “coul'_iiigcnl: damax:cs."—Continning damages are such us accrue from the same injury, or from the ropcrition of similar nr-ts, lietwenn two spccil-ied periods of t_ime.—Donhle damages. 'l‘v\iCc the anvnunt of tual dam- ![;4"5 as found by the verdict of a jury allow:-d lw statute in some cuscs of injuries by ncslimace. fraud, or tresn-ass. Cross v. United \‘i.-itrs. I: Fm] Cos. -. Daniel v. Vaciaro, -11 A11; 329.—!-Ixces in damages. Dam.ii:t-s awirdcd by a jury which are _-_v ly in excess of the amount rv.-irranted by law on the facts and cirminstanccs of the case; unreasonable or oulia dl1lll3EP=l. A verdict giving excessive rln is ,H.round for a new trial. Tay- lor v. Giger. Ilnrflin iI\'v.) SST: Harvesting .\i'Ich Co. v. Gray, 114 Ind. 340. ll": N. E. 797. —E‘ee damages. l):1l:un,',,'es sustained by and awarded to an ahutting ouncr of l'\“'li pi-opcity nt'(‘nsili1]cd by the construction and opeiauon of an elevated railroad in a city street, are so


315

DAMNI INJURIE ACTIO

called, because compensation is made to the ouner for the injury to, or deprivation of. his easements of iight, air, and access, and these Dede v. Railway Co 70

ure parts of the fie Hun, 374. 24 1\‘ Y ker. l(>'5N.Y.- .59 . .. damages. D-images are uill within the rule Ilisl, an injunction will not be granted where adequate damages at law could he recovered for the injury sought to be prevented, when such a recovery at law would not compensate the parties and piace them in the position in which they formerly stood. Insurance Co. v. Bonner. 7 Colo. App. .1. 42 Pac. [$81.--Imaginary damages.

_ This tcrm is sometimes used as eqliivalt-n.t to "exemplary." “Vin-lictive," or “punitive" dam:-i.-,:‘«-s. Murpliv v. llnlihs. 7 Coin. 541. 5 Pac. 119. 4.‘) . lien. 3Gb'.—Iutervening damages. Such damages to an nppcllee as rcsult from the delay caused by the appeal. l\[cGrepzor v. Balch. ]7 Vt. Peasely v. Buckininsler. 1 'i‘rlcr (VL) Rnbr-rls v. Warunr. 17 Vt. 46. 42 Am. Dec. 4:... —Land damages. A term sometimes applied to the amount of compensation to be paid for land taken under the power of eminent domain or for iniury to, or depreciation of. land ad- joining that tukcn. People v. Hilts. 2 Rep. 290, 5R v. Y. Supp. 434: In re Lent. 47 App. Div 349. 6'.’ N. Y. Supp. 22'i‘.—Neeessax-y E damages. A term said to be of much wider stone in the law of dainnges th-in "pecuniary." It cmhrnces all those consequences of an injury usually denominated "izcncral" damagrcs, as distjnrzuis ed from special damages‘. uberens the phrase "DPl"IIl:lIH'l’y tlamagcs" covers a smaller class of danmircs wilhin the larger class of F "general" clan-.3,-zes. Bron ning v. “'ahnsli Wci:- lcru R. Co. ll\Io.) % S. W. ' —Pel:Iu1iuI'y daaiinges. Such as can be estimated in and compensated by money; not merely the ioss of muney or salable property or rights, but all such loss. deprivation, or lnjnry as can he made the subject of calculation and of rm-onipcnse G in money. Waliter v. McVciIl. 17 V\'a.'-Ii 5V2. 50 Fac. 518- Scarle v. milrond Co.. '71 W. \-'21 370. 9 S. F 248: :‘\IcIntyre v. Railroad C-0.. 37 N Y. 2'35: Ilaiidsnn Bcuedir-L r‘n. \. Sevcrs0n_ 109 Tcnu. 572. 72 S. W. 967. Presumptive damages. A term occasionally used as the equivalent of “exeinnlary" or "nnn- H itire" tlnmazes. Murphy 17. Ilohbs. 7 (‘olo. 541. 5 Fan. 119, 49 .-\m. Itep. 3.G6.-—Ptusncctive damages. Damages which are expected to tnllow from the act or state of facts made the basis of a plaintiff's suit: damages which have not yet accrued, at the time of the trial. but Which, in the nature of thlngs. must necessarily, or most probably. result from the acts or facts complained of.—Specu1ative dam- nges. Prospective or anticipated damages from the same acts or facts constituting the present cause of action, but which dcpend upon future devclopmcnts which are continccnt. C0ni(‘l"t‘ll‘.’li. or impi-ohnhlc.—Dnmages ultra. Addirlnnal damuscs claimed by a plninlilf not satisfied with tbose paid into court by the defendant.

m

DAMAIOUSE. In old Enizllsh law. Causing damage or loss, as diS|.'in,‘Zl‘liShe<l from torccnmlse, wrongful. Britt. c. 61. K

DAME. In Emzllsh law. The legal deslgnallon of the wife of a knight or I.|nl'OIJt't.

ZDAMNA. Damages. hath lnciusive and exclusive of costs. '- DAMNATUS. Tn oirl Engllsh law. Con-

demned; proliihited by law: unlawful. Dum- nalus coitus, an unlawful connection.

DAMNI INJURIE ACTIO. An action

given by the civil law for the damage donc