AD QUOD 32 whether it will be a prejudice to grant them, and to whom it will be prejudicial, and what prejudice will come thereby. There is aiso another writ of ad quad damnam, if any one will turn a common highway and lay out another way as beneficial. Termes de la Ley.
AD QUOD NON FUIT BESPONSUM. To which there was no answer. A phrase used in the reports, where a point advanced in iii-gument by one party was not denied by the other; or where I1 point or argument of counsel was not met or noticed by the court; or where an objection was met by the court, and not replied to by the counsel who raised it. 3 Coke, 9; 4 Coke, -10.
AD RATIONEM PONERE. A technical expression in the old records of the Fxcheq- net, signifying, to put to the bar and interrogate as to I1 charge made; to arraign on I1 trial.
AD RECOGNOSCENDUM. To recognize. Fleur, iii). 2. K‘. On, § )2. Formal words in old w_r'1ts.
Ad reete docendum opnrtet, primum in- quire:-e noniina, qnia. rerun eognitio a. noniinibns re:-Inn dependet. In order rightly to comprehend I1 thing, inquire first into the names, for I1 right knowledge of things depends upon their names. Go. Litt. 68.
AD REPARATIONEM ET SUS'l‘EN'- TATIONEM. For repairing and keeping in suitable condition.
AD RESPONDENDUM. For answering; to make answer; words need in certain writs employed for bringing a person before the court to make answer in defense in I1 proceeding. Thus there is I1 capias ad respondemlu-m, g. 41.7.; also I1 habtas corpus ad respandendam.
AD SATISFACIENDUM. To satisfy. The emphatic words of the writ of capias ad sali'3faci(’ndInn,, which requires the sheriff to lake the person of the defendant to satia- fv the pi:iintIlf‘s claim.
AD SECTAM. At the suit of. Com- monii abbreviiited to ads. Used in entering and indexing the names of cases, where it is desired that the name of the defendant should come first. Thus, “B, ads. A." indicates that B. is defendant in an action brought by A., and the title so written would be an inversion of the more usual form “A. 12. B."
A!) STUDENDUM ET ORANDUM. For studying and praying; for the promotion of learning and religion. A phrase applied to colleges and univeisitles. 1 Bl. Comm. 467; T. Itayin. 10].
AD TERMINUM ANNORUM. For I term of years.
AD TERMINUM QUI PEETERIT. For a term wblch has passed. Words in the Latin form of the writ of entry employed at common law to recover. on behalf of a land- lord, possession of premises, from I1 teunnt holding over after the expiration of the term for which they were demised. See Fitzl-.. Nat. Brev. 201.
Ad tristeni pa:-tem strenne. est saspieio. Suspicion lles heavy on the unfortunate side.
AD TUNC ET IBDJEM. In pleading. The Latin name of that clause of an inihLt- ment containing the statement of the sub- ject-inntter “then and there being found."
AD ULTIMAM VIM TERMINORUM. To the most extended import of the terms: in a sense as universal as the terms will reach. 2 Eden, 54.
AD USUM ET COMMODUM. To the use and benefit.
AD VALENTIAM. To the value. See An VALoI1mi.
AD VALOREM. According to value. Duties are either ad valm-em or specific; the former when the duty is laid in the form of a percentage on the value of the propertg ; the latter where it is imposed as a fixed sum on each article of a class without regard to its value. The term ad ralurcm tax is as well defined I1nd fixed as any other used in political economy or legislation, and smi- ply means a tax or duty upon the value of the article or thing subject to taxation. Bailey v. Fuqua, 24 Miss. 501; Plngree v. Auditor General, 120 Mich. 95, 78 N. W. 1025, 44 L. R. A. 679.
AD VENTREM INSPICIENDUM. To inspect the womb. A writ for the Elli.l.il]J0ning of I1 jury of niatrons to determine the question of pregnancy.
Ad vim niajoreni 1721 I141 earns fortuitus non tenetur qull. nisi aria eulpa. inter- venerit. No one is held to answer for Ibe etfw-ts of I1 superior force, or of accidents. unless his own fault has contributed. Fleta, lib. 2, c. 72, 5 18.
AD VITAM. For life. Bract. £01. 130. In feodo, vel ad -vitam; in fee, or for life. Id.
AD VITAM AUT CULPAJVI. For life or until fault. This pbrase describes tba tenure of an othce which is otherwise said to be held “for life or during good behavior."
it is equivalent to qmmuiia bcne so gcsseru.