Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/433

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ENFORCE

ENFORCE. To put into execution; to cause to take effect; to make effective; as, to enforce a writ, a judgment, or the collection of a debt oi- tine. Bieitenbach v. Bush, 44 Pa. 330, 84 Am. Dec. 442, Emery v. Eillcfy, D How. Pi-ac. (N. Y.) 132: People v. Christerson, 59 I11. 158.

ENFRANCHISE. To make free: to icnorporate a man in a society or body politic.

ENFRANCI-IISEIVIENT. The act of mill!ing free; giving :1 frinehise or l'rec(lom to: investitiire with piiviieges or capacities of freedom, or i.i.illlJlLi]')fli or poljticiil iihl-‘i'(‘.Y. Admission to the freedom of a city; admission to political rights, and particularly the right of suffrage. Ancieutiy, the ncquisition of freedom by a vrlliein from his lord.

The word is now used principally either or the inannmission of slaves, (q. 1)..) of giving to :1 horough or other constituency a right to retuin a member or members to parliament, or of the conversion of copyhold into free hold. Mozley 8: Whitley. —Enfrancli.isernent of copyhulils. In English law. The Conversion of copyhold il.Il;O fl'(-‘I‘iI0id tenure, by a conveyance of the feesimpie of the property from the lord of the manor to the cop_ilioirler, or by a release from the lord of all scignioriai rights, ctc., which destroys the customary descent, and also sil l'lEii[S and privileges annexed to the cop hold- g‘s estate. 1 Watli. U0p,Vi:i. 362; 2 Steph.

omm.

ENGAGEMENT. In French law. A contiact. The ohligation arising from ii quasi contract.

The terms “obligL1tion" and "engagenient" are said to be synonymous, (17 Toullicr, no. 1;) but the Code seems specially to iipply the term "engagement" to those ohligations which the law imposes on a man without the intervention of any contract either on the part of the obiigor or the obllgee, _(artlcle 1370.) An engagement to do or omit to do something amounts to a promise. Rue v. ihie. 21 N. J. Law. 369.

In English practice. The term has been i1ppi'opi-iated to denote a contract enteied into by a married woman with the intention or binding: or charging her separate cshite, or, nith slricter accuracy, a promise nhich in the case of a person sui ju1'i.~r would he a contract, but in the case of :1 married woman is nut a contract. hem iuse she cannot hind herself personally, even in equity. iler engagements, therefore. merely operate as dispositions or appointments pro tanto of her sep- arate estate. Sweet.

ENGINE. This is said to be a word of very general signification; and, when used in an act, its meaning must he sought out from the act Itself, and the language which surrounds it, and also from other acts in par? muteriu, in which it occurs. Abbott. J., 6 Maule & S. 192. In a large sense. it applies to all utensils and tools which afford

425

ENGROSSING

the means of carrying on a trade. But in ii more limited sense it means a thing of considerable dimensions, of a fixed or permanent nature, analogous to an erection or building. Id. 182. And see Leticr v. Forsbcrg, 1 App. D. C. 41; Brown v. Benson, 101 Ga. 753, 29 S. E. 215.

ENGLESHIRE. A law was made by Cunute, for the preseriatiun of his Danes, that, when :1 man was liilied, the hundred or town should be liable to be amei-ced, unless it could he proved that the person iziiled - an Eugiishm.in_ '1 is proof was ciilied '

alas-Iurc." 1 Hole, P. G. 4-17; 4 Bl. Comm. 195; Speiman. ENGLETERRE. L. Fr. England.

ENGLISH INFORMATION. In Eng- ilsh law. A proceeding in the couit of ex- cheqiier in matteis of revenue.

ENGLISH MARRIAGE.}} This phrase may refer to the piace wheie the marriags is solemnized, or it may refer to the nationality and domicile of the p.ii‘ties between whom it is soiemnized, the place where the union so created is to be enjoyed. 6 Prob. Div. 51. F

ENGRAVING. In copyright law. The art of pi-oiiiicing on hard nmteriai incised or raised patterns. lines, and the liiie, from which an impression or print is l..lii(’.l.l. The teim may apply to a text or script, but is generally restricted to pictorial iLlustrat1ons or works connected with the flue arts. not including the reproduction of pictures by means of photography. Wood v. Abbott. 5 Biatchf. 325, Fed. Cas. No. 11938-, Higgins v. Keuffel. 140 U. S. -128, 11 Sup. Ct. ‘T31. .35 H L. Ed. 470; In re American Bani‘ Note Co., 27 Misc. Rep. 572. 58 N. Y. Supp. 276.

ENGROSS. To copy the rude draft of an Lustinment in a fair, iai-ge hand. To “rite out in a large. fair hand, on parch- ment.

In em criminal law. To huy up so much of a C0fl.|lIlUd.ity on the marhet as to obtain a monopoly and seli again at a forced price. I

ENGROSSER. One who en,-grosses or writes on parchment in a large, f.iir hand.

One who purchases large quantities of any commodity in onler to acquiie a monopoly, and to sail them again at high prices. K

ENG-RDSSING. In English law. The getting into one's possession, or buying np. iorge quantities of corn, or other dead victuiiis, with intent to sell them again. The total engrossing of any other commodity. '- wlth intent to soil it at an unreasonable price 4 Bl. Comm. 138. 159. This was a misdemeanor. punishable by fine and imprisonment. Steph. Crim. Law. 95. Now repeal- sd by 7 8: 8 Vict. c. 24. 4 Steph. Comm. 291.

note. M