Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/515

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FOIRTHOCHT 507 FOOT OF THE FINE  


FOIRTHOCHT. In old Scotch law. Forethought; premeditated. 1 Pitc. Crim. Tr. pt. 1. p. 90.

FOITERERs. Vagabonds. Blount.

FOLC-GEMOTE. lu Saxon law. A general assembly of the people in a town or shire. It appears to have had judicial functions of a limited nature, and also to have discharged political offices, such as deliberating upon the affairs of the commonwealth or complaining of misgovermnent, and probably possessed considerable powers of local self-government. The name was also given to any sort of a popular assembly. See Spelman; Manwood; Cunningham.

FOLC-LAND. In Saxon law. Land of the folk or people. Lmul belonging to the people or the public.

Foic-land nus the property of the community. It might he occupied in common, or possessed Ill smenxlty: nut], in the lnllrr case. it was probably psrcolcd out to individuals in the folc-gm-mnte or court of the district, and the -rant sanctioned by the freeman u ho were there prl-cut. But, while it continued to be falc- lsnd. it could not he alienated in perpetuity; and therefore, on the espiration of the term for which it had been granted. it rc\'erl'ed to the cnnimunihi, and was again dislrihuted hy the some authority. il was suhjcct to nlnnv burdens nnd oxactinns from which boc-land was exempt. Ivhsrton.

POLO-MOTE. people. under the Saxons.

A general assembly of the See FoLo-Gnmrrs.

I‘OLC—RIGH'1‘. The common right of all the people. 1 Bl. Comm. 65. 67.

The ma comm-line, or common law, mentioned in the laws of King Edward the El- der. declaring the same equal right, law, or justice to be due to persons of all degrees. Wharton.

FOLD-COURSE. In English Law. Land to nhich the sole right of folding the c.'1I'I.le of others is appurtenant. Sometimes it means merely such right of folding. The right of folding on another’s land, which is called “common foldnge." Co. Litt. (Ea, note 1.

POLDAGE.}} A privilege possessed in some piuces by the lord of a manor, which consists in the right of having his tenant's sheep to feed on his fieids, so as to manure the iand. The name of foklnge is also given in parts of Norfolk to the customary fee paid to the lord for exemption at certain times from this duty. Elton. Com. 45. 46.

FOLGABII. Brnct.

Meninl servants; followers.

POLGERE. In old English law. A freeman, who has no house or dwelling of his own, but is the foilouer or retainer of an- other. meorthfczst.) for whom he performs certain predial services.

50’?


FOLIO. 1. A leaf. In the ancient law- books it was the custom to numiier the lB“lV€S, instead of the pages; hence a foiio would icnlude both sides of the leaf, or two pages. The references to these books are made by the numher of the folio, the letters “a" nnd "11" being added to show which of the two pages is intended; thus "Bractoh. fol. 10041.."

2. A isrge size of book, the page being ob- tained by folding the sheet of paper once uniy in the binding. Many of the ancient law- books are folios.

3. In computing the length of written legal documents, the term “fu1io" denotes 8 certain nuiuher of words. fixed by statute in some slates at one hundred.

The term "folio," when used as a measure for computing fees or compensation, or in any iegal pl‘oce(|<]in_(s. means one hundred words. cnunljng every figure neccssarily used as a word; and any portion of a folio, when in the uhnle draft or figure there is not a com: plete folio, and when there is any excess nver the last folio, shall be computed as u. folio. Gen. St. Minn. 1878. c. 4, § 1, par. 4.

1:‘ O LK - L A N D; FOLK-MOTH. FOLD-LAND: FDLC-GEMOTE.

FOLIDW. To conform to, Comply With, or be fixed or determined by; as in the ex pressious “costs follow the event of the sn‘ " “the sims of personal property follows that of the owner." "the offspring follows the mother,” (purtus sequmlr oentrcm).

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FONDS ET BIENS. Fr. In Frenchlsw. Goods and streets. Adams v. Akerlnnd, 168 I11. 632. 43 N. E. 454.

FONDS Pl-JRDUS. In French law. A capital is said to be invested 11 funds pm-duo when it is stipulated that in consideration of the payment of on nmount as interest, higher than the normal rate, the lender shall be re paid his capital in this msnuer. The borrow- er, after having paid the interest during the period determined. is free as regards the cap- itel itself. Arg. Fr. Mere. Law. 560.

FONSADI-IRA. In Spanish law. Any trihnte or loan granted to the king for the purpose of enabling him to defray the expenses of a war.

I‘ O N T A N A. Bmct fol. 233.

A fountain or spring.

FOOT. 1. A measure of iengih Containing twelve inches or one-third of a yard.

2. The base. bottom, or foundation of any- thing; and, by metonomy, the end or termi- nation; as the foot of s flue.

FOOT OF THE FINE. The fifth part of the conclusion of s fine. It includes the whole matter, reciting the names of the parties, day, year, and piace, and before whom it was acknowledged or levied. 2 BL Comm. 351.

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