Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/622

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INCREASE. (1) The produce of hind; (Y) the olfspring of nniinais.

—, afiidavit of. Aflidavit of pay- nient of increase.-ii costs, produced on taxation.

—Incx'ease, costs of. In English law. It was form ' 9. practice with the jur to award to the SLIL fui party in an action t e nonnniii

sum of 40s only for his costs; and the court assessed by their oixn ollzicer the at-tusi amount of the sutoessfni poi'1y‘s costs; and the amount so il.~‘<‘sS§'(1. over and above the nonnniii sum awa ded by the jury, was thence called "costs of incre.ise." Lush, Coin. Liiw Pr. 775. The practice has now wholly ceased. II)11):1L Si L-.\w.

INCREMENTUM. Lat. Increase or lin- proi einent, opposed to decrcmeiituiii or iihate inent.

INCRIMINATE. To charge with crime;

to expose to an accusation or charge of crime; tu iniuire oneseif or nnother in :1 ciiininiii prosecution or the danger thereof; iis, in the rule that a witness is not bound to give testimony \\h.icl:i would tend to incriminate hini. —I1.lcl'hn.)nat:'|ng circumstance. A fact or circiiinstnnte, tuliateriil to [he f.ic-t of the comiuission of a cl_init-, which tends to show either ihnt such Ii crime has been coniizuittod or that some particular person conimitteil it. Daiis v. State, 51 1‘n:b. 301. 70 N. W. 9&1.

INCROACHMENT. A.n unl-.iW1ul gaii.ning upon the right or possession of ainother. See I:."NLI1oAC1i.\iEN'r.

INCULPATE. To lnipute hiame or guilt; to accuse; to involve in guilt or crime.

INCULPATORY. In the laws of eiiilence. Goiw or tending to estiihiish guilt; intended to estahilsh guilt; criininutive. Buri-‘ill, Circ. Ev. 251. 252.

INCUMBENT. A person who is in present possession of an office; one who is le- gully uuthorized to clis<:b.irge the duties of .in office. State v. McColiisti.-r, 11 Ohlo, 50; ‘tiite v. Biakemore, 101 M0. 340. 15 S. W. ‘JUU.

In ecclesiastical law, the term signifies a iiergyinain who 1S i.u possession of :1 bone- lice.

TNCUMBER. To incumber liind is to iniike it suliject to a charge or liiiliillty: e. 11., by mortg,-aging it. Inciiinhrances include not only mortgages and other voiuntury ihirges, but also liens, lites pondciiies, reg- istered judgnieiils, and Writs of execution,

eir- Sixeet. See Newhnll v. Insurance 00., 52 Me. 181. INCIJMBRANCE. Any right to, or in-

terest in, land which may subsist in third persons, to the (limiiiution of the value of the estxite of the t(, but Consistently with the ixissing of the fee. Fitch v. Sex lLIO‘l.lX‘. 9 Meta



(1\I:1ss.) 461; Uuyck v. Andrews, 113 N. Y. 51, 20 N. E. 581, 3 L R. A. 9, 10 Ani. St. Rep. 432; Ailing v. Burlock, 16 Conn. .310: Deniers v. lioehler, 62 N. J. imvi. " 3, -11 Atl. 720, 72 Am. St. Rep. 61).; Lntferty v. Miiligan, 165 Psi. 534, 30 All. 1031); Stimb:1u<=,h v. Smith, 23 Ohio St. 591.

A claim, lien, chaige, or ilabitity atuiCli- ed to and binding re.i1 property; as, is. mort- gage, judgment-lien, nttachnient, right of (lower, right of Way or other easement, nu- 1»:ild water rent, IEIISB. unpiiid taxes or sue siiient. Mennnert v. Mclxeen, 1.12 -1 A111. 342; Gordon v. l\IcCnlloh, U6 1\Id. 2-1 . 7 Atl. -mi; Iiiiirison v. imilroad Co.. 91 Iowa. 114, 58 N. W. 1081; Kelsey v. Ilenicr. -13 Conn. 129, 21 Ana. Rep. hii‘<; ltunnels v. \\‘t-liber, 59 Me. 490; C1'ochei v. Cutting, 173 l\I-‘iss. GS, 53 N. 158; in re Geri!’ (D. C.) 112 Fed. Sn‘; Rt‘/Wn]:‘l1i v. 1-‘ inklin Ins. Co.. -310 Md. (:31: Clll'l'li v. L‘ ber, .34 I\fll]. 403. SS Pat. 493, Pindnion v. In- l~'lll'1lllK‘e L‘o., 51 “is. 2113, S N. W. “ii. .37 Am. Rep. 330; Funk v. \one1d;i_ 11 §L‘l'g. J‘: [L (I'.\.) 112, 14 Am. Dec (511-, Eiriiii.-xvii v. Tourtelutt (C. C.) 39 Fed. 740. Muddiitlis V. Stevens. S9 Me. 336. 313 Atl. 398. covenant against.

—1neunxin-anees, See


INCUBIBRANCER. The holder of an iiicuinbrnuce, u. 11., 21 mortgage, on the estate of another. De \ oe v. Bundle, 33 Wash. mil, 74 Pac. S36; Shaeffer v. Weed. 8 111. 514; Newhnli v. Insurance Co., 52 Me. 181.

INCUR. Men contiact debts; they incur liabilities. in the one case, they act ulIirun~ tively; In the other, the liahihty ls incuired or cast upon them by not or ope] ntion of l-iw. "Iiicur" niezins soniething -beyond contracts, —soniethnig not embraced in the ixurd “dehts.” Crzuiilall v. B "yon, 5 Alib. Pnic. i-.\ Y.) 169; Beekiuziu v. Van Dolseu, 70 lluii 238, 24 N. Y. Supp. 41-1; Ashe v. ion I‘, 65 Tex. 123, 3 S. W. 454.

INCURR.AIVIEN'l"UM. L. The Hability to a fine, penalty, or ul1lCl‘LEn)El.l|‘. Cowell.

INDE. of ; thereupon ;

Lat. Thence; theiiceforth; thera- for that cause.

Inde datin leges ne fortiot omnin pos-

'Iet. Liiws are uiode to prevent the stiongt-r

fioni haung the power to do ereryuiing. Dav. Ir. K. B. 36.

INDEBITATUS. Lot Indehted. Nim- quani iiidchitiiiiis. never indebted. The tltie of the plea substituted in England for nil debut.

—IndeI2il:atns assumpsit. Lnt. Being In- (lchtod. he promised or undertook. This is the nsine of that form of the uction of l188II.lllp.?1l

in which the declaration alieges E debt or ub-