Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/671

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A competent livelihood of freehold for the

wife of l.inds and tenements to take etfect [‘:l‘0I\E'i.itiy in possession or profit, after the deceuse of the husband, for the life of the wife at least. Co. Litt. 361); 2 Bl. Comm. 37. See Feliers v. Feiiers, 54 Neb. 09-1, 74 N’. W. 1077: Saiindeis \. Saunders, 1-i—i Mo. iS‘2. 46 3. IV. 428: Grzihani v. Graham, 6'! i_inn. T99, 22 N. Y. Supp. 299.

A jointure strictly signifies a joint estate limited to both husband and wife, and such \\--is its original form; but, in its more us- ual form. it is a sole estate limited to the wife only, expectant upon a life-estate in

the husband. 2 Bl. Comm. 137; 1 Steph. Comm. 255. JONCARIA, or -TUNCABIA. In old

iixiglish law. Land where rushes grow. Co.

Lit: 5a.

JORNALE. In old English law. As much land as could be plowed in one day. Speiman.

JOUR. A French word. signifying "day."

it is used in our old law-books; as “tout juur.-7." forever. ——Jour- en bane. A day in lmnc. Distinguish-

cd from “four en pays," (5. day in the country.) nrii--r\\-ise culled “four on nisi pn'us.”—Jonr in court. In old practice. Day in court‘ diu in appear in court‘ appearance day. "iivery i-r-r-ess gives the deiendnni a day in court." iinie. Anal. § 8.

JOURNAL. A daily book; a hook in uliicii entries are made or events recorded from day to day. In maritime law, the journnJ (otherwise Called "log" or "log-book") is 'i hook kept on every vessel, which contains 1 hriet record of the events and occurrences of each dziy of a voyage, with the nautical nliseruitions, course of the ship. account of the weather, etc. In the system of double- eniry hook-keeping, the journal is an accoiint-book into which are transcribed. daily or at other intervals, the items entered up- nn the dny-iiooiz, for more convenient posting into the ledger. In the usage of legislative bodies, the journal is a daily record of the proceedings of either house. it is kept by the clerk, and in it are entered the ap- inintinents and nciions of coniniittees, introduction of hills, motions, votes, resolutions. etc., in the order of their occurrence. See Oakland Pnv. Co. v. Hilton, 69 Cal. 479. 11 Pac 3; Montgomery Beer Bottling Works v (ins-tnii. 126 Ala. 425, 25 South. 497. 51 L. R. .i. 3'36. 85 Am. St. Iiep. 42: Martin v. (‘om. 10? Pa. 190.

JOURNEY. The original signification of this nortl was a day’s ti me]. it is now up- ,iiied to :1 travel by land from place to place. nil-hout restriction of time But, when thus applied. it is employed to designate a travel which is without the ordinary hahits. linsi- ness, or duties of the person. to :1 distance



from his home, and beyond the circle of his friends or acquaintances. Ghoison v. State. 53 Ala. 521, 25 Am. Rep. 652.

JOURNEY-HOPPERS. In English law. Regrators of yarn. B lien. Vi. c. 5.

JOURNEYMAN. A Workman hired by the day, or other given time. Hart v. Ald- ridge, 1 Cowp. 56; Butler v. Clark, 46 Ga. 468.

JOURNEYS ACCOUNTS. In English practice. The name of a writ (now obsolete) which might be sued out wheie a former writ had abated without the plaintiff's fault. The length of time allowed for taking it out depended on the length of the journey the party must make to reach the court; whence the name‘

JUB]-IRE. Lat. In the civil law. To order, direct, or command. Calvlii. The word jubeo, (I order.) in a will, was called a “wo1d of direction." as distinguished from "prccatory words." Cod. 6, 43, 2.

To assure or promise.

To decree or pass a law.

JITBILACION. In Spanish law. The privilege of a public oiflcer to be retired, on account of infirmity or disability. retaining the rank and pay of his oiflce (or part of the same) after twenty years of public service. and on reaching the age of fifty.


JUDAISMUS. the Jews. Du Cange. for residence of Jews. A usurious rate of interest. 1 Mon. Angl. B39: 2 Mon. Angi. 10.065. Sea: morons steriinyorum ad ac- quietiznrlnm terrain prardictum do Judaismo, in gun fuit impipnorata. Du Cange. An incomc anriently accruing to the king from the Jews. Biount.

The religion and rites of A quarter set apnri

JUDEX. Lat. In Roman law. A pri- vate person smiointed b_v the pr-etor, with the consent of the parties, to try and decide a cause or action commenced before him. He received from the pr:-tor a written formula instructing him as to the legal pricniples according to which the action was to be judged. Calvin. Hence the proceedings in:-tore him were said to be in judicia, as those before the prsetor were said to be in jure.

In later and modern civil law. A judge in the modern sense of the term. In old English law. A juror. A judge.

in modern sense, cspecialIy——:\s opposed to jiisticiaiiiis, i. e., a common-law judge—to denote an ecclesiastical judge. Bract. fois. 401. 402.

—Jndsx a qnn. In modern civil law. The

judge from whom, as iudcz ad gum» is the