Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/680

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JURATA

the common law, as distinguished from the assiim.

The jury clause in a nisi prius record. so called from the emphatic words of the old forms: "Jurala poifitur in rcspcctum," the jury is put in respite. Townsh. P1. 487.

Also s jurat. (which see.)

JURATION. The act of swearing: the administration or an o.ith. Jnrnto oi-editnr in judicio. He who

m:il.es oath is to be believed in judgment. 3 last. 79.

JURATOR. (q. 17.)

A juror; e compurgator,

Jurntoras debeni: esse vieirii, Infini- entes, et minus suspecti. Jurors ought to be neighbors, of suthcient eskite, and free trom suspicion. Jenk. Cent. 14.1. Jnrntores suni: judiees faoti. Jeuk. Cent. (51. Juries are the judges of fact.

JURATORY CAUTION. In Scotch law. A descilption of caution (security) sometimes offered in a suspension or advocation where the complalum is not in circumstacnes to otter any better. Bell.

JUEATS. In English law. Officers in the n.iture of uldei-men, sworn for the government of many corporations. The twelve assistants or the bailiff in Jersey are called “jui'ats."

JURE. Lat. By right; in right; by the law. —Ju.re Izelli. By the right or law of war. 1 iient. Comm. 126; 1 0. Rob. Adm. 289.—Jure eivili. By the civil law. Inst. 1. 3. 4; 1 Bl. Comm. 42 l.—Jura cm-onae. In right of the crown.—Juz-e div-,'uio. By divine right. 1 Bl. Comm. 1'J1.—Jure ccelesiae. in right of the church. 1 Bi Lomm. 4U1.—Ju1-e empliyi:eutico. By the right or law of Einplbgytbll-e'l:.‘l. 3 BL Comm. 232 S e EMi>ur'rsUnis.—Jin-e gentinm. By the law of nations. Inst. 1, 3, 4: 1 Bl. Comm. 4.23.—Juz-e propinqnitatis. By right of propinquity or nenrucss. 2 Cruhh. Real Prop. p. 1019, § i’.598.—Iuz-e representation- is. By right, of representation: in the right of another person. 2 B . . ._ , 5l‘I; Crahb, Real Prop. p. 1019, § 2398.-Jure nix- nris. In right of a wife. 3 Bl. Comm. 210.

June uatnrm Eqllllln est nerninem cum nlterinx detrimento at i.Il.iII.!‘ia field loon- pletiox-em. By the law of nature it is not just that any one should be enriched by the detriment or injury of another. Dig. 50. 17, 206.

Jnri nun est consonnm quad aliquis accessorius in our-in reg-in eonvineiitnr anteqnam nliqnis de factu fnerit n.tH.ne- his. It is not consonant to justice that uny accessory should be convicted in the king's court hcforo any one has been att.-iinted of the fact. 2 Inst. 183.

672

JURISDICTIO EST POTESTAB

JURIDICAI... Relating to adnnnlstrafioa of justice, or office of a judge.

Regular; done in conformity to the laws of the country and the practice which Is there observed.

—Jui-idical dnys. Days in court on which the l"lWS are_ adnnuistered.—Jiu-idieal evidence. b_uch as is proper to be -l1l1|'1I](‘ell before, and considered 11;’, the courts of justice. See Mend v. Hosted, 02 Conn. 53. 52 Au). Itep. 55-1.

JURIDICUS. Lat. Relating to the courts or to the adiniulstrafion of justice; juridical; lawful. Dias juridii.-us. a lawful day for the transaction or business in court; a day on which the courts are open.

JURIS. Lat Of right; of law.

—Juz-is at d_e a'In'e. Of law and of right. A presumption jmis et de jun, or nu irrebuttiihle presumption. is one which the law will not suffer ta_ he rehutted by any counter-evidence, but e_.stB.hhshes us conciusive; While a presumption guru tantum is one which holds good in the ab sence of evidence to the contraizv, but may be rebiil.ted.—Iuris et leisinm conjunctio. The union of seisin or possession and the right at pussesslon, forming a complete title. 2 BL Comm. 199. 3‘l].—Jiu'is pnsitivi. Of pnsiti law; a regillzition or requireinent of pos ive law, as distinguished from notural or divine law. 1 Comm. 439; 2 Staph. Comm. 250. —Ju1-is privnti. Of private right; subjects of private property. Hale, Anal. § 23.—Juris puhlici. common right; of common or public use; such things as, at ast in their own use, are common to all the " g’s subjects; as common highways, common hri gas. common rivers, and common ports. Hale, Anal § ' —JIu'is ntrum. In English law. An nholis - ed writ which lay for the purson of 3 church whose predecessor hod alienated the lands and tenements thereof. Fitzh. Nat. Brev. 48.

E‘

Jiu-is aflectns in exeuntione consistit. The effect of the law consists in the execution. Co. Litt. 23911.

Jnris ignorantin elt cum ins nostriuii ignox-emu-. It is ignorance of the law when We do not know our own rights. Haven v. Foster, 9 Pick. (Mass) 130, 19 Am. Dec. 353.

Jnr-is pr-aecepta -uni: haw: I-Ionesto vi- vere; nlterum mm laedere; snnm cniqua tr-ihuere. These are the precepts of the law: To llre honorably; to hurt nobody; to render to every one his due. Inst. 1, 1, . 1 Bl. Comm. 40.

JURISCONSULT. A jurist: a person skilled in the science of law, particularly at international or public law.

JURISCONSULTUS. Lat. In Roman law. An expert in juridical science; a person thoroughly versed in the laws, who wus habitually resorted to, for infoi-mation and advice, hoth by private persons as his cli- ents, and also by the magistrates, advocates. and others employed in administering ]L|S' tlce.

Jnrisdictio est pntestal do pnblico hr

troducta, cum necessitate jlltil diearidi.