Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/694

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KEEP

"keep" books. See Backus v. Richardson, 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 483.

5. To maintain continuousiy and without

stoppage or iarintion; as, when a vessel is said to "keep her course," that is, continue in motion in the same general direction in which she was previously sailing. See The Brttzinnli, 153 U. S. 130, 14 Sup. Ct. 705, SS L. Ed. 6110. —Keep down interest. The expression “keep g duiin interest" is familiar in legal instruments, and means the payment of interest [)€'l'iUil|L‘ilJiy as it heconies duc: but it does not intliiclc the payment of all arrears of interest nhich may bare become due on any so- r-uril_V from the time when it was executed. 4 El. & Pd. 2i1.-—Keep house. The English bankrupt laws use the phrase “keeping house" to denote an act of bankrupt:-y. It is committed when a trader iibsents himself from his piace of business and retires to his private resi- dent-e to evade the importiinit-y of creditors. The usual evidence of "keeping house" is refusal to see a creditor who has calied on the debtor at his house for money. Robs. Ihnkr. ]]9.—Keep in repair. When a lessee is bound to keep the premises in repair, he must have them in repair at all times during the term: and, if they are at any time out of repair, he is Euilty of a breach of the covenant. 1 Barn Aid. 5S5.—Keep open. To allow general access to one's shop, for purposes of trafiic, is a violation of a statute forliidrling him to “keep open" his shop on the Lord's day. uithoucii the outer entr-inc.-es are closed. Com. \. Harrison. 11 Gray (Mass) .

To “keep open." in the sense of such a law, implies a readiness to carry on the usual busi- ness in the. store. shop, saloon. etc Lynch v. People, l(i Mich. 4T2.—Keepi.i-ig term. In English in A dutv performed by students of iaw. t'on.' 'n_: in eatiur: a siiflicicnt number of dinners in hail to make the term count for the ‘niirpnsc of being called to the hnr. Mozlgv E: Vlrliitlev.-—Keeping the peace. Avoiding B. hrench of the peace; dissumiing or pI‘e\‘El:lt’ mg others from breaking the peace

KEEPER. A custodian. manager, or su- perinteudeut: one who has the care, custody, or management of any thing or place. Schultz v. State, 32 Ohio St SS1; State v. Roziim. 8 N. D 548. 80 N. W’. -181; Fisheii I‘. Mn1'i'i.s. 57 Conn. 547, 18 Atl. 717, 6 L. R. A. 82; Mt-Coy v. 7-.iue. 6:‘: Mo. 1!’ ; Stevens V. People. 67 Iil. 590.

—Keeper of the Forest. In old English law. An oiiicer (called also chief warden of the forest) who had the Turin ipai governnient of all things relating to the forest, and the control of all officers helouging to the same. Cowell; Blount.—Keeper of the great seal. In English law. A high officer of statr‘. tlirougb whose hands iass all charters, grants, and commissions of the king under the great sen]. He is stvled "lord keeper of the great seal," and this oliicc and that of lord chancellor are united under one person: for the authority of the lord keeper and that of the lord chancellor Were, hy St. 5 Eliz. c. 18. declared to be exactly the same: and. like the lord chancelior, the lord keeper at the present day is created by the mere delivery of the king's great seal into his custody. Brown.—Kee]ier of the king’: conscience. A name sometimes applied to the chancellor of En,zland_ as being formerly an I‘C('iP=|flSti(' and presiding over the royal chapel. 3 Bl. l"nrnm. -18.—Keeper of the privy sea]. In English law. An qflicer through whose hands pass all cbnrters signed by the king: hefnre they come to the great seal. He is a privy

686

KEYAGE

councillor, and was anciently Called "cierk of the privy scttl." but is now generaliv called the "lord privy seal." Bi'own.—Keeper of the touch. The master of the assay in the English mint. 12 Hen. "I. c. 14.

KENILWORTH I-IDIOT. A11 edict or award between Henry 111, and those who had been in arms against him; so caiied because made at Lieuilworth Castle, in War- wickshire, amio 51 Hen. iII.. A. D. 1206. It contained a composition of those who had forfeited their estates in that rebeiilon, which composition was live years‘ rent of the estates forfeited. Wharton.

KI-JNNING TO A TERGE. In Scotch iii“. ‘the act of the sheriff in ascertaiiinig the just proportion of the husbands lands which belong to the widow in right of her term: or dower. Bell.

KENTLAG-E. In maritime law. A permanent haiiasl; consisting usually of pigs of iron, cast in a particuiar form, or other weighty material, which, on account of its superior cleanliness, and the small space occupied by it, is frequently preferred to ordinary baiiast. Ahb. Slilpp. 5.

KENTREI‘. The division of a county: I hundred in W ales. See CANTBED.

KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS. A series of resolutions drawn up by Jetfcrson, and adopted by the legislature of Kentucky in 1799, protesting against the “alien and sedition iaws," declaring Lheir iliegality, announcing the strict constructionist theory of the federal government, and deciaring “nullification” to be “the rightfui reincdy."

KEEP. The jagged end of a stick of wood made by the cutting. Pub. St. Mass. 1882. D. 1292.

IKERHERE. A customary cart-way; also a commutation fur a customary carriageduty. Cowell.

KERNELLATUS. CO. Litt. 511..

Fortified or embattled.

KERNES. honds.

In English law. Idlers; vaga-

KEY. lag of merchandise from vesseis. monly spelied "quay."

An instrument for fastening and opening a lock.

This appears as an English word as eariy as the time _of Br:ic_t0n, in the phrase “L-one ct keye." being applied to women at a certain age. to denote the capacity of liming charge of household nifairs. Bract. fol. 8011. See (Joan AND KEY.

A Wharf for the iading and unlad- More coin-

KEYAGE.}} A toii paid for ioading and unloading merchandise at a key or wharf.

Rowan v. Portlaiid, 8 B. Mun. (Ky.) 233.