Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/887

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PARVUM CAPE 879 PASSENGER

PARVIIM CAPE. See Parrr Cara.

PAS. In French. Precedence; right of going foremost

PASCH. The passover; Easter.

PASCHA. In old English law and practice. Easter. Dc ierminn Pascha, of the term of Easter. Bract fol. 24b‘b. —Palcha olausum. The octave of Easter, or Inw-Sunday, which closes that solcmuity.— Plsohn. iioridnm. The Sunday before Easter, called "I’al1n—Sunday."—Paschn. rents. In English ecclesiastical law. Yearly tributes paid by the clergy to the hishop or archdencon at their Easter visltations.

PASIJIIA. A particular meadow or pasture land set apart to feed cattle.

PASC-UA SILVA. In the civil law. A feeding wood; a wood devoted to the feeding

of cattle. Dig. 50, 16, 30, 5. PASCIIAG-E. The grazing or pasturage of cattle.

PASS, :7. 1. In practice. To utter or pro- nounce; as when the court posses sentence upon a prisoner. Also to proceed; to be rendered or given; as when judgment is said to pass for the plaintiff in a suit.

2. In legislative parlance, a bill or resolution is said to pass when it is agreed to or enacted by the house, or when the body has sanctioned its adoption by the requisite ma- jority of votes: in the same circumstances, the body is said to pass the hill or motion.

3. When an auditor appointed to examine into any accounts certifies to their correct- ness, he is said to pass them; i. 9., they pass through the examination without being detained or sent back for inaccuracy or imperfection. Brown.

4. The term also means to examine into anytbing and then nuthoritatively determine the disputed questions which it involves. In this sense a jury is said to pass upon the rights or issues in litigation before them.

5. In the language of conveyancing, the term means to more from one person to an- other: to be transferred or conveyed from one owner to another; as in the phrase “the word ‘heirs’ will pass the fee.”

6. To publish: utter; transfer; circulate; impose fraurluleutiy. This iz the meaning of the word when the offense of passing counterfcit money or a forged paper is spoken of.

"Pass." “ntter,“ "publish." and “scll" are in some rcspects convertible terms, and. in a given case, “pass" may include utter, publish, and sell. The words "uttering" and "passing." used of notes. do not necessarily import that they are transferred as genuine. The words include o_ny dehvery of a note to another for value, with Intent that it shall he put into circulation as money. U. . v. Neison, 1 Ahh. (U. S.) 135, Fed. Cas. No. l5.SG_1. _ _

Passing a paper is putting it of in payment

or exchange. Uttering it is a declaration that it is good, with an lntention to pass, or an oifer

to pass it

PASS, 1:. Permission to pass: a License to go or conic: a certificate, emanating from authority, wherein it is declared that a designated person is permitted to go beyond certain boundaries which, without such authority, he could not lawfully puss. Also a ticket issued by a railroad or other transportation company, authorizing a designated person to travel free on its lines, between certain points or for a limited tnne.

PASS-BOOK. A book in which a bank or banker enters the deposits made by a customer, and which is relsined by the latter. Also a book in which a merchant enters the items of sales on credit to a customer, and which the latter carries or keeps with him.

PASSAGE. A way over water; an easement giving the right to pass over a piece of private water.

Travel by sea; a voyage over water; the carriage of passengers by water; money paid for such carriage.

En.-ictment: the act of carrying a bill or resolution through a legislative or deliberative body in accordance with the prescribed forms and requisites; the emergence of the bill in the form of a law, or the motion in the form of a resolution.

PASSAGE COURT. An ancient court of record in Liverpool, once called the “may- or's court of pays sage." but now usually called the “court of the passage of the hor- ough of Liverpool.” This court was formerly held before the mayor and two bailitfs of the borough, and had jurisdiction in actious where the amount in question exceeded forty shillings. Mozley & Whitley.

PASSAGE MONEY. The fare of a passenger by sen; money paid for the transportation of persons in a ship or vessel; as distinguished from "freight" or "freight-money," which is paid for the transportation of goods and merchandise.

PASSAGIO. An ancient writ addressed to the keepers of the ports to permit a man who had the king's leave to pass over sea. Reg. Orig. 163.

PASSAGIUM REGXS. A voyage or expedition to the Holy Land made by the kings of England in person. Cowell.

PASSATOR. He who has the interest or command of the passage of a river: hr a lord to whom a duty is paid for passage. Wharton.

PASSENGER. A person whom a com- mon carrier has contracted to carry from one

place to another, and has, in the oonise of