Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/952

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PRIZE

belligerent, and claimed as enemy's property, and therefore liable to appropriation and condemnation under the laws of war See 1 0. Rob. Adm. 228.

Captured property regularly condemned by the sentence of a competent prize court 1 Kent, Comm. 102.

In contracts. Anything offered as a re-

ward or contest; a reward offered to the person who. among several persons or among the public at large. shall first (or best) perform a cert~ii.n undertaking or accomplish certain conditions. —-Prize courts. Courts having juriediction to 8(lJl.l(ll(‘a!.& upon capture-s made at sea in time of war, and to condemn the captured prop- eriy as [)1'iZ_E if lawfully subject to that sentence. In England, the admiralty courts have Jurisdiction as prize courts, distinct from the jiuisdi--tion on the instance side. In America, the federal district courts have Jurisdiction in cases of prize. 1 Ixent, Comm. 101403, 353-360. See Penhiillow v. Donne. 3 Dell. 91, 1 L. Ed 507; Malay v. Shatturk. 8 Crunch. 483, 2 L. Ed. 498; Cushing v. L.iirrl. 107 U. S. GE). 2 Sup. Ct 106, 27 L. Ed. 391.—Prize goods. Goods which are taken on the high seas. jure bclli. out of the ‘ii.-incls of the enemy. The Adeline, 9 Crunch, 244, 28-}. 3 L. Ed. 719. —Px-he law. The system of laws and rules applicnbie to the capturu of prize at sea; its condemnation, rights of the cafitors. distributinii of the proceeds, etc. The uena Venture ID. C.) 57 Fed. 929.—P1-iza money. A divi- dend from the ]')I‘o(‘i‘eds of a (!£LptIII'L‘Ll vessel eic., paid to the captors. U. S. v. Sieercr. llé U. S. 747. 5 Sup. Ct. 765, 28 L. Ed. 1133.

PRO. For: in respect of; on account of; in behalf of. The introductory word of many Latin phrases.

PRO AND CON. For and against. A phrase descriptive of the presentation of arguments or evidence on both sides of a disputed question.

PRO BONO ET MALO. For good and ill; for advantage and detriment.

PRO BONO PUBLICO. For the pub- lic good; for the welfare of the whole.

PRO CONPESSO. For confessed; as confessed. A term applied to a bill in equity, and the decree founded upon it, where no onswer is made to it by the defendant. 1 Barb. Ch. Fr. 96.

PRO CONSILIO. For counsel given. An annuity pro cunsilio amounts to a condition, but in a feoffmeiit or lease for life, etc., it is the consideration, and does not amount to a condition; for the state of the land by the feoifment is executed, and the grant of the annuity is executory. Piowd. 412.

PRO CORPORE REGNI. In behalf of the body of the realm. Hale, Com. Law, 32.

PRO DECFECTU EMPTORUM. For want (failure) of purchasers.

944

PRO IN DIVISO

PRO DEPECTU EXITUS. For, or in case of, defanit of issue. 2 Salk. 620.

PRO DEFECTU EEREDIS. For Wtinl of an heir.

PRO DEPECTU JUSTITIIE. For defect or want of justice. Fleta, iib. 2, e. 02, 5 2.

PRO DEFENDENTE. ant.

For the defend Coimnonly ablireviuted “pro def."

PRO DERELICTO. As derelict or abandoned. A species of usucziption in the civil law. Dig. 41. 7.

PRO DIGNITATE REGALI. In consideration of the royal dignity. 1 Bl. Comm. 223.

PRO DIVISO. eraity.

As divided; 4. e.. in sev-

PRO DOM1'NO. As master or owner: in the character of master. Calvin.

PRO DONATO. As :1 gift; as in cuss of gift; by title of gift. A species of usu- caption in the civil law. Dig. 41. 6. See id. 5. 3, 13, 1.

PRO DOTE. As a dowry: by title of dowry. A species of nsucaption. Dig. 41, 9. See Id. 5, 8, 13, 1.

PRO EMTORE. As a purchaser; by the title of a purchaser. A species of usucaption. Dig. 41. 4. See Id. 5, 3. 13, 1.

PRO EEO QUOD. In pleading. For this that. This is a phrase of atfirniation, and is sufficiently direct and positive for introducing a material averment. 1 Sound. 117, no. 4; 2 Chit. PL 369-393.

PRO PACTI. For the fact; as a fact; considered or held as a fact.

PRO PALSO CLAMORE SUO. A lJl)ID1i.i£li iimerceinent of a plaintiff for his false claim, which used to be inserted in a judgment for the defendant. Obsolete.

PRO PORMA. As :1 matter of form. 3 East, 232; 2 Kent, Comm. 245.

PRO HAG VICE. For this turn; this one particuinr occasion.

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PRO ILLA VICE. For that turn. 3 “'11s. 233, arg.

PRO INDEIYENSO. As ilndefended; nl maizing no defense. A phrase in old practice. Fleta. lib. 1, C. 41, § 7.

PRO INDIVISO. As undivided: in com-

mon. The joint occupation or possession of