Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/984

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QUARENTENA TERRÆ

not enjoy his right hecause the owner had so obstructed it. Cowell

QUARENTENA TERRÆ. A turiong. Co. Lltt. 5b.

QUARR]-IL. This word is said to extend not only to real and personal attious, but also to the causes of aciions and suits; so that by the release of all "quarrels," not only RLEIUDS pending, but also causes of action and suit, are released; and "quarrels," “coritroiersies," and “debates" are in law considered as having the same meaning. Co. Lltt 8, 153; Terines de la Ley.

I u an nntcchnir-al sense, it signifies an al- tercation, an angry dispute, an exchange of reciiinlnatinus. taunts. threats or accusations between two persons. See Carr v. Con- yers, 8-1 Ga. 287, 10 S. E. 630, 21) Am. St. Rep. 357; Accident Ins. Co. v. Bennett, 90 Tenn. 256. 16 S. W. 723, 25 Am. St. Rep. (385; liietcalf v. People. 2 Colo. App. 262, 30 Pac. 30.

QUARRY. In mining law. An open excavation where the works are visible at the surface; a place or pit where stone. slate, mnrhle, etc., is dug out or separated from a mass of rock. Bainh. Mines, 2. See Marvel V. Merritt, 116 U. S. 11, 6 Sup. Ct. 207, 29 L Ed. 550; Murray v. Aiired, 100 Tenn. 100, 43 S. W. 355, 39 L. R. A. 2-10, 66 Am. St. Rep. 740; Rnttiedge v. Kress, 17 Pa. Super. Ct. 495.

QUART. A liquid measure, containing one-fourth part of a gallon.

QUARTA DIVI PII. In Roman law. That [JOl‘l’lOlJ of a testator' estate which he was required by law to leave to a child whom he had adopted and afterwards ema.cnipated or unjustly dlsiiilierited. being onefourth of his property. See Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 594.

QUARTA FALGIIDIA. in Roman law. That portion of a testator's estate which, by the Falcidian law, was required to be left to the heir, amounting to at least one-fourth. See Mackeid. Rom. Law, § 771.

QUARTER. The fourth part of any- thing. especially of a year. Also a length of four inches. In England, a measure of corn, generally reckoned at eight bushels. though subject to local variations. See Hospital St. Cross v. Lord Howard De Walden, 6 Term, 343. In American land law, a quarter section of land. See infra. And see McCart- ney v. Dennison, 101 Cal. 252, 35 Pac. 766. —Quarter-day. The four days in the year upon which, by law or custom, moneys privobie in quarter-yearly installments are coilecriiile, are called "qunrter-dnys."—4Qua.rter-dollar. A silver coin of the United States, of the value of twenty-five cents.—Qua.rter-eagle. A gold

976

QUASI

coin of the United States, of the value of two and a half ¢loiinrs.—Quarter of a. year. Ninety-cne days. Co. Litt. 13fib.—Qnarter-ind. I. In New York law A species of fine on £|liEII- tion, helng one-fourth of the purl.-ho»: mo pl’ an estate, which is stipulated to be paid

on alienation by the grantee. The rrpwwnn "tenth-sales." cm, are also usi wirn nit-hr meanings. Jackson ex deni. Livi on v. Gun; 7 Cow. (N. Y.) 2S3.—Qu:u'ter seal. s-~ iini. —Qua1'|:c:r seetio . In American l-iilni lot. The quarter of a seclinn of land accorillii; lo the divisions of the ~-vernment survey, illl olf by dividing the section into four equal piim by north-and south and east-and-west lines, and containing 160 acres.

QUARTER SESSIONS. In English law. A criminal court held before two or more justices of the peace. (one of whom must be of the quorum.) in every county. once in every quarter of a year. 4 Iii. Comm. 271; 4 Steph. Comm. 335.

In American law. Couris established in some of the states, to be holden four times in the year, invested with criminal jurisdiction, usually of olifenses less than felony, and sometimes with the charge of certain admin- istrative matters, such as the care of public roads and bridges.

QUARTEEING. In English criminal law. The dividing a. crini'mai's body into quarters, after execution. A part of the punishment of high treason. 4 Bl. Comm. 93.

QUAR'.'l‘ERl'NG SOLDIERS. The act of a government in billeting or assigning sol- diers to private houses, without the consent of the owners of such houses, and requiring such owners to supply than with board or lodging or both.

QUARTERIZATION. Quartering of crimi.ua ls.

QUARTERLY COURTS. A system of courts in Kentucky possessing a limited orig- inal jurisdlction in civil cases and appellate jurisdiction from justices of the peace.

QUARTERONE. In the Spanish and French West Indies, a quadroon. that is. in person one of whose parents was white and the other a mulatto. See Daniel v. Guy, 19 Ark. 131.

QUARTO DIE POST. Lat. On the fourth day after. Appearance day, in the former English practice, the defendant being allowed four days, inclusive, from the retiiru of the writ, to make his appearance

QUASH. To overthrow; to ahate; to annui; to make void. Speimnn; 3 BL Uoniin. 303; Crawford v. SI.eWart. 38 Pa. 34: Hoi- land v. Webster, 43 Fla. 83, 29 South. 625; Bosley v. Bruiier, 2 Cushm. tliliss.) 462

QUASI. Lat. As if; as it were; anal-

ogous to. This term is used in legal phrase-