Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/997

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R. 989



R. In the signatures of royal persons, “I ' is an ullhrevlation for “rc$" (king) or "rr~_1inu" (queen) in descriptions of land, according to the divisions of the governmental survey. it stands for “range." Ottunnva_ etc-.. R. Co. v. Mcwililams, 71 Iowa, N34, 32 N. W. 315.

R. G. An abbreviation for Rcgula Gecn::aIi:2. a general rule or order of court; or for the plural of the same.

R. L. This abbreviation may stand either for "Revised Lans" or "Roman law."

R. S. An ahbreviation for "Revised Statutes "

RACE. A trihe, people, or nation, be- longing or supposed to belong to the same stuck or lineage. "Race. color, or previous condition of servitude." Const U. S., Am. kl’.

RACE-WAY. An artificial canal dug in the earth: a channel cut in the ground. Wilder v. De Con. 26 Minn. 17. 1 N. W. 48. The channel for the current that drives a water-wheel. Webster.

RACHAEL‘. In French law. The right of repurchase which, in English and American law, the vendor may reserve to himself. It is also called “réméré.” Brown.

RACHATER. L. Fr. To redeem; to repurchase, (or buy back.) kelbam.

RACHETUM. In Scotch law. Ransom; corresponding to Saxon "weregiltl," a pecun- iary composition for an offense. Skene; Jacob.

RAG]-ITMEURGII. In the legal polity of the Salians and Ripuarians and other Germanic peoples, this name was given to the judges or assessors who sat with the count in his mnllum, (court.) and were generaily associated with him in other matters. Speiman.

RACK. An engine of torture anclently used in the inquisitorial method of examining persons charged with crime, the office of nhich was to break the limbs or dislocate the joints.

RACK—REN'1‘. A rent of the full value of the tenement, or near it. 2 Bl. Comm. 48.

RACK-VINTAGE. Wines drawn from the lees. Cowell. RADICALS. A political party. The

term arose in England, in 1818, when the popular ieaders, Hunt Cartwright, and others, sought to obtain a radical reform in the

representative system of parliament. Boi- iugbroke (Disc. Parties, Let IS) employs the term in its present accepted sense: 'Such a rt-Juedy might have wrought a radical cure of the evil that threatens our constitution." etc. Wharton.

RADOUB. In French law. A term icnluding the repairs made to a ship, and a fresh suppiv of furniture and victuais, munitions, and other prmisions required for the voyage. 3 Pard Droit Commer. § (302.

RAFFLE. A kind of lottery in which several persons pay, in shares, the vaiue of something put up as a stake, and then determine by chance (as by casting dice) which one of them shall become the sole possessor of it Webster: Prendergast v. State, 41 Tex. Cr. R. 358, 5'! S. W. 850; State v. Kennon. ‘.71 No. 264: Peop1e v. American Art Union, 7 N. Y. 241.

A rafiie may be described as a species of "adventure or hazard.” but is held not to he a lottery. State v. Pinchback_ 2 Mill. Coast. (5. C.) 130.

RAG!-IMAN. A statute, so called, of justices asslgned by Edward I, and his coucnil, to go a circuit fllrough all England, and to hear and determine all complaints or in- juries done within five years next botore Michaelmas, in the fourth year of his reign. Spelman.

Also a rule, form, regimen, or precedent

RAGMAN’S ROLL, or RAGIMUND’S ROLL. A roll, called from one Ragimund or Ragimont a legate in Scotland, who, sum- moning all the beneficed clergymen in that kingdom. caused them on oath to give in the true value of their beneflces, according to which they were afterwards taxed by the court of Rome. Wharton.

RAILROAD. A road or way on which iron or steel rails are laid for wheels to run on, for the conveyance of heavy ioads in cars or carriages propelled by steam or other motive power. The word “railway" is of ex- actly equivalent import.

Whether or not this term indudes roads operated by horse-power. electricity, cable- lines, etc., will generally depend upon the context of the statute in which it is found The decisions ou this point are at variance —Rail1-cad commission. A body of commissioners. almointed in several of the states, to regulate railway traflic within the state, with power. generally_ to regulate and fix rates. see to the enforcement of police ordinances, and sometimes assess the property of railroads for taxation. See Southern Pac. Co. v. Board of Itailroad Com’rs (C. C.) 78 Fed. 252.

RAILWAY. In law, this term is of ex

actly equivalent import to “raiiroad." See