Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/222

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AFRICA
AFRICA
190

sions of King Humbert in Erythræa. We should add, to complete our list, that the Institute of Verona, resuming its former undertaking, has been in charge of the Egyptian Sudan since 1872, and that, the English missionaries of St. Joseph, from Mill Hill, have received from the White Fathers the Vicariate of the Upper Nile, in Northern Uganda. In a word, the missionary movement, begun amid so many difficulties, has developed wonderfully, in every direction, and it is comforting for the Catholic to see, at the beginning of this twentieth century, the heroism with which the missionaries are assailing the Dark Continent. In order to give a comprehensive view of the religious activity there, it will be instructive to quote in a single table the various jurisdictions into which Catholic Africa is divided, with their dates of establishment and the society in charge of each. The most recent statistics, which, unfortunately, are very far from being exact, give a total of 300,000 faithful—362,177, according to Father J. B. Piolet—with 1,064 missionaries. The religious statistics of Africa, in 1906, may be given as follows: Animists, Fetishists, 90,000,000; Mussulmans, 36,000,000; Jews (including the Falashes of Ethiopia), 300,000; other non-Christians (Parsees, Buddhists, etc.), 3,000; Christians: Monophysite Copts of Egypt, 150,000; Abyssinian Church, 3,000,000; Schismatic Greeks, Armenians, 2,000; Protestants, 400,000; Catholics, 360,000; Total, 130,215,000.


CATHOLIC AFRICA

Date of
erection
Name Clergy Title
1st century Alexandria (Coptic; Patriarchate, 1895) Armenian bishopric Secular clergy Patriarchate
1st century Hermopolis, Thebes (Coptic bishoprics, 1895) {{{1}}} Bishoprics
202 Carthage–Tunis (1884) {{{1}}} Archbishopric
1234 Morocco (1859) Franciscans Prefecture Apostolic
1353 Las Palmas (Canaries) Secular clergy Bishopric
1421 Ceuta (joined to Cadiz) {{{1}}} Ancient Bishopric
1514 Funchal (Madeira) {{{1}}} Bishopric
1532 São Thiago do Cabo Verde {{{1}}} {{{1}}}
1534 São Thomé {{{1}}} {{{1}}}
1534 Angra (Azores) Secular clergy and Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1612 Mozambique Secular clergy and Society of Jesus Prelature nullius
1640 Portuguese Congo (1865) Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture apostolic
1654 Tripoli Franciscans {{{1}}}
1740 Fernando-Po (1855) Sacred Heart of Mary (Barcelona) Vicariate Apostolic
1765 Senegal Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture Apostolic
1818 Western Cape Colony Secular clergy {{{1}}}
1819 San Cristobal de la Laguna (Santa Cruz, Teneriffe) {{{1}}} {{{1}}}
1838 Algiers Secular clergy and White Fathers Archbishopric
1838 Abyssinia Lazarists Vicariate Apostolic
1839 Egypt Franciscans {{{1}}}
1842 Gaboon Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1846 Gallas Capuchins {{{1}}}
1846 Egyptian Sudan Institute of Verona {{{1}}}
1847 Eastern Cape Colony Secular clergy {{{1}}}
1847 Port-Louis (Mauritius) Secular clergy and Fathers of the Holy Ghost Bishopric
1848 Madagascar (Central) Jesuits Vicariate Apostolic
1848 Mayotte Islands, Nossi-Bé, Comores Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture Apostolic
1850 Saint-Denis (Réunion) Secular clergy and Fathers of the Holy Ghost Bishopric
1850 Natal Oblates of Mary Vicariate Apostolic
1858 Sierra Leone Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1860 Benin African Missions of Lyons {{{1}}}
1862 Northern Zanguebar Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1863 Senegambia Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1866 Oran Secular clergy Diocese
1866 Constantine {{{1}}} {{{1}}}
1868 Sahara (Ghardaia) White Fathers Prefecture Apostolic
1874 Central Cape Colony Secular clergy {{{1}}}
1879 Upper Cimbebasia Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
1879 Gold Coast African Missions of Lyons Vicariate Apostolic
1879 Zambesia Jesuits Mission
1880 Upper Congo White Fathers Vicariate Apostolic
1882 Dahomey African Missions of Lyons {{{1}}}
1883 Southern Victoria-Nyanza White Fathers {{{1}}}
1884 Upper Niger African Missions of Lyons Prefecture Apostolic
1884 Orange River Oblates of St. Francis of Sales (Troyes) Vicariate Apostolic
1885 Delta of the Nile African Missions of Lyons Prefecture Apostolic
1886 Transvaal Oblates of Mary {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} Orange Free State {{{1}}} Vicariate Apostolic
{{{1}}} Loango Fathers of the Holy Ghost {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} Tanganyika White Fathers {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} Unyanyembe White Fathers {{{1}}}
1887 Southern Zanguebar Bavarian Benedictines {{{1}}}
1888 Congo Free State Mission of Scheut {{{1}}}
1889 Lower Niger Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture Apostolic
1890 Kamerun Pallotines {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} French Upper Congo Fathers of the Holy Ghost Vicariate Apostolic
1891 Sahara and Sudan White Fathers {{{1}}}
1892 Seychelles (Port Victoria) Capuchins Diocese
{{{1}}} Lower Cimbebasia Oblates of Mary Prefecture Apostolic
{{{1}}} Togo Foreign Missions of Steyl {{{1}}}
1892 Koango Jesuits Mission
1894 Upper Nile Foreign Missions of Mill Hill Vicariate Apostolic
{{{1}}} Northern Victoria-Nyanza White Fathers {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} Erythræa Capuchins (Italians) Prefecture Apostolic
{{{1}}} Basutoland Oblates of Mary {{{1}}}
1895 Ivory Coast African Missions of Lyons {{{1}}}
1896 Southern Madagascar Lazarists Vicariate Apostolic
1897 Nyassa White Fathers {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} French Guinea Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture Apostolic
1898 Welle Premonstrants {{{1}}}
{{{1}}} Northern Madagascar Fathers of the Holy Ghost Vicariate Apostolic
1901 Upper Kassai Missions of Scheut Prefecture Apostolic
{{{1}}} Lunda (Angola) Fathers of the Holy Ghost Mission
1903 Shire Company of Mary Prefecture Apostolic
{{{1}}} Liberia African Missions of Lyons {{{1}}}
1904 Bata (Spanish Guinea) Fathers of the Holy Ghost Mission
{{{1}}} Stanley Falls Priests of the Sacred Heart Prefecture Apostolic
{{{1}}} Benadir Trinitarians {{{1}}}
1905 Kenya Institute Consolata (Turin) Mission
1906 Central Zanguebar Fathers of the Holy Ghost Vicariate Apostolic
{{{1}}} Ubangi-Shari Fathers of the Holy Ghost Prefecture Apostolic