Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/422

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Mother ElisG Blumc was succeeded as general imitinc into one great organisation the widely scat-

superior in Nymphenburg by Mother Isabella Wild, tered Branches of her Institute ; may it bring about

Mother Magdalen Gremion, foundress of the first in God's own day her publicly authorized invoca-

house in Rome in modern times, died in 1913. Hon"

'^^^ t^(^^^T^9 hL«P«^ W^whi^^rif nPW mrtltUtiOXl, CANONICAL (cf. C. E., VII^).-The

7800 pupils. The house .in Prague had to be add ^^^^'^^J'^lJ^l^ "^ ^the" SS be^

to the Government du^^^^^^^ World War; the ^^^ed Canonical institution to a^enefiSI

house at Zara was taken o^^^^^^ ^^^^^ y^ ^^^^^ ^ ^ ^i^ ^^^^^j ^i^h^^^ ^

tion m 1921. In 1913 Mother J. Castiglione was __„• i ^o„/io*« 

succeeded by Mother Barbara Gottlieb as general sP^ciai manaate.

superior in Austria. Mainz, a separate generalate Intendencia Oriental y Llanos de Ban BlartSn,

since the time of Napoleon, has now 8 dependencies Vicabiatb Apostouc op (cf. C. E., VIII-69a), in

with 277 members, 25 educational establishments, Colombia. The present vicar apostolic is Rt. Rev.

and 3759 pupils. Mother Thaddae Lechner was Jose Maria Guiot, consecrated titular Bishop of

succeeded in 1919 by Mother Paula Rang as gen- Augustopolis in 1908. The vicariate comprises

eral superior. 34,749 square miles, and has a population of about

In 1913 new Constitutions according to the 30,000 Indians. There are 5 residences or parishes,

NormcB were approved for the Irish branch of the 2 vice-parishes, and 14 religious. Several Sisters of

Institute, which is now divided into provinces. Wisdom are active in the vicariate.

In 1919 Mother Raphael Deasy succeeded Mother i^ter^urch World Movement. See Protes- Michael Corcoran, who for thirty years governed *"««*^-v"«*w* vtv&^u j»ut««u«ui.. oec jrKur»-

as mother general the houses dependent on Rath- tantism.

famham. Distinguished members deceased were: Interdict (cf. C. E., Vin-73b) .— The right of im- Mother Teresa Ball (d. 1911), assistant general for posing any general interdict, affecting a diocese nineteen years; Mother Gonzaga Barry (d. 1915), or state is reserved to ths Holy See; but a general foundress of the Institute in Australia and first interdict affecting a parish or its parishioners, or a provincial; Mother Stanislaus Murphy (d. 1919), particular local or personal interdict may be im- foundress of the Institute in Spain and first pro- posed by the bishop also. Extems and exempted vincial; Mother Attracta Coffey (d. 1920), who mdividuals are obliged to observe a local interdict, devoted her musical talent to the perfecting of The sacraments and sacramentals can always be Church music, leaving a tradition in Rathfarnham as administered to the dyin^ in spite of a local inter- to the correct singing of plain chant. Rathfarnham diet ; moreover, except it is expressly forbidden, has 49 dependencies, 6 of which are new founda- if the interdict is general and local : (a) priests not tions. In 1911 a hostel in Dublin, and in 1918 one personally indicated may perform all Divine services in Melbourne were established for students attend- m any church or public oratory privately, in a ing the resoective universities. The number of low voice, without bells, and with closed doors; members subject to Rathfarnham is 1031. The (b) in the cathedral church, parish churches or in number of pupils is 14,153. the only church in a town, and only in these, it is

There are four houses of the Institute in the lawful to say a daily Mass, reserve the Blessed

United States. Canada has 12, four of them Sacrament, administer baptism, Holy Communion,

being new foundations. Since 1910 it has had four penance, assist at marriages, though the nuptial

general superiors: Mother Ignatia Lynn, the con- blessing is prohibited, hold funeral services

necting link between the pioneers of the Institute without any solemnity, bless baptismal water and the

in America and their successors of the present day ; sacred oils, and preacn. In these ceremonies there

Mother Victorine Harris; Mother Stanislaus must be no music, singing, or pomp; the Viaticum

Liddy; and Mother Pulcheria Farrelley, the present is to be carried privately to the sick. Though local

mother general. In 1911, at Toronto, the seat of interdicts are suspended on certain great feasts, still

the Generalate, Loreto Abbey College was founded the prohibition against ordination or the solemn

as a woman's department of St. Michael's College, blessing of marriage remains in force. Interdiction of

one of the four federated colleges of the University a church involves neighboring chapels, but not the

of Toronto. Of these four, University College is cemetery; interdiction of a cemetery involves the

undenominational, Victoria is Methodist, Trinity oratories in it, but not the neighboring church,

is Anglican, and St. Michaers is Catholic. The The following interdicts are incurred ipso facto:

first three are co-educational, and each maintains (1) Universities, colleges, chapters, and all other

a woman's residence in connection with it. At legal persons who appeal from laws, decrees or

St. Michael's a principle of segregation prevails, mandates of the reigning pope to a general council ;

consequently Loreto students enrolled there, attend this interdict is reserved specially to the Holy

lectures at Loreto Abbey College, thus enjoying See. (2) Those wha knowingly celebrate or cause

the unique advantage of puimiing their studies in a to be celebrated the Divine offices in interdicted

Catholic college and of obtaining their degree from places; and those who admit clerics who have been

a university whose high standing is recognized both excommunicated, interdicted, or suspended by a

throughout the British Empire and in the United declaratory or a condemnatory sentence, to cele-

States. The number of members subject to Tor- brate the Divine offices from which they have been

onto is 350. They have 33 schools with 7804 excluded by censure, incur ipso jure an interdict

pupils. against entering the church, which remains in force

Among prominent ecclesiastics anxious to advance until in the judgment of the person whose. authority

at Rome the cause of Mary Ward, foundress of was condemned they have made due sati^ac-

the Institute, are Cardinal Bourne and Cardinal tion. It should be noted that what is penalised

Gasquet. In the preface to "Mary Ward, a Sketch," here is the admission to celebrate the Divine offices,

recently published by the Catholic Truth Society, not attendance at them. By "Divine offices" is

Cardinal Bourne expresses the hope that "an in- meant those functions of the power of orders which

creased knowledge of her life may lead to a greater by the institution of Christ or of tiie Church are

appreciation of her work; may it be the means of ordained for the worship of God and can be exer-