Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 4.djvu/423

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CORU(THIAX4S


CORINTHIANS


ep things of God. . . . the things that am of God man knowcth, but the Spirit of God" (ii, 10, 11 — ii, 12-14, Ki). "Know you not, that you are the nple of God, ami that the Spirit of God dwelleth in 11?" (iii, IG). "But you are washed, but you are ictified ... in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, i the Spirit of our God" (vi, 11). "Or know you t, that your members are the temple of the Holy ost, who is in you, whom you have from God ; and u are not your own? . . . Glorify and bear God in ur body" (vi, 19, 20). "But all these things one 1 the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one •ording as he will" (xii, 11). "For in one Spirit re we all baptized unto one body" (xii, 1.3). "Yet the Spirit he speaketh mysteries" (xiv, 2). — The hi Catholic Chivch. "The head of every man Christ" (xi, S).—Unihj. "Is Christ divided?" 13). "Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same ng, and that there be no schisms among you ; but it you be perfect in the same mind, and in the same Igment" (i, 10). He devotes four chapters to the irehension of their divisions, which did not really ount to anything constituting formal schism or 'esy. They met in common for prayer and the partici-

ion of the Blessed Eucharist. " Know you not that

I [the Christian body] are the temple of God . . . t if any man violate the temple of God [by pulling it pieces), him shall God destroy. For the temple of d is holy, which you are" (iii, 16, 17). "For as the iy is one, and hath many members, and all the mbers of the body, whereas they are many, yet are

body, so also is Christ. For in one Spirit were wc

baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, ether bond or free" (xii, 12, 1.3). [Here follows the ?gory of the body and its members, xii, 14-25.] ow you are the body of Christ, and members of mber" (xii, 27). "And God hath set some in the irch; first apostles, secondly prophets . . . Are apost Ics ? " (xii , 28-3 1 ) . " For God is not the God di.ssension, but of peace: as also I teach in all the urches of the saints" (xiv, 33). "I have sent you nothy, who is my dearest son and faithful in the rd, who will put you in mind of my ways, which are Christ Jesus: as I teach everywhere in every irch" (iv, 17). "But if any man seem to be con- itious, we have no such custom, nor the church of d" (xi, 16). "Tlie gospel which I preached to you . and wherein you stand; by which also you are ing] saved, if you hold fast after the manner I

ached unto you, unless you have believed in vain"

!, 1-2). "For whether I, or they [The Twelve iOStles], so we preach, and so you have believed" r, 11). "The churches of Asia salute you" n, 19). — Olit Testament Types. "Now all these ngs hapjiened to them in figure: and they are itten for our correction" (x, 11). — Authority. V'hat will you? .shall I come to you with a rod; or in irity, and in the spirit of meekness?" (iv, 21). few concerning the collections. . . . as I have given ler to the churches of Galatia, so do ye also" (xvi, — Power of creommiinication. "1 indeed, absent body, but present in spirit, have already judged, as JUgh I were present, him that hath so done. In the me of our Lord Jesus Christ, you being gathered to- ther, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord JUS Christ, to deliver such a one to Satan for the struction of the fle.sh, th.at the .spirit may be saved" , 3-.5). — Jetrs nnrl ]>(ir;rins exempt from Church's jnr- \idion. " For what have I to do to judge them that

without . . . For them that are without, God will

ige" fv, 12, \3).—Srinrtilii. "For the temple of id is holy, which you are" fiii, 17). "Know you t that your bodies are the members of Christ" i, 1.5). " Your members are the temple of the Holy lost . . . Glorify and bear God in vour body" i, 19, 20— cf. vi, 11, etc.).— Grace. "God is faith-


ful, who will not suffer you to lie tempted above that which you are able, but will make also with tempta- tion issue, that you may be able to bear it" (x, 13). "Grace be to you ..." (i, 3). "But by the grace of God, I am what I am ; and his grace in me hath not been void, but I have laboured more abundantly than all they: yet not I, but the grace of God with me" (xv, 10). — Virtuous life necessary for salvation. "Know you not that the unjust shall not possess the kingdom of God? Do not err: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor the effeminate . . . nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, . . . shall pos- sess the kingdom of God" (vi, 9, 10). This, like a dominant note, rings clear thrnuijh .all the Epistles of St. Paul as in the teaching; of his Divine Master. "But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway" (ix, 27). "Wherefore he that thinketh himself to stand, let him take heed lest he fall" (x, 12). "Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast and immoveable; always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labour is not in vain in the Lord" (xv, 58). "Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, do nianfullv, and be strengthened" (xvi, 13). "Do all to the glory of God" (x, 31). "Be without offence to the Jews, and to the Gentiles, and to the church of God " (x, 32). " Be ye followers of me as I am of Christ" (xi, 1). — Resurrection of the body and life everlasting. "For God hath r.aised up the Lord, and he will raise us up also by his power" (vi, 14). " And as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive." "For star differeth from star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption, it shall rise in incorruption. It is sown in dishonour, it -shall rise in glory. " " Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall all indeed rise again." "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trum- pet: for the trumpet shall soinid, and the dead shall rise again incorruptible." (See all of ch. xv.) "We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know in part; but then I shall know even as I am known" (xiii, 12). — Baptism. "Were you baptized in the name of Paul?" (i, 13). "I baptized also the household of Stephanus" (i, 16). "For in one Spirit were we all baptizeil into one body" (xii, 13). "But you are washed [dTreXoiSo-ao-ffe] , but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Spirit of our God" (vi, 11). — Eucharist. "The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the commimion of the blood of Christ? And the bread, which we break, is it not the partaking of the body of the Lord? . . . But the things which the heathens sacrifice, they s.acrifice to devils. . . . You cannot drink the chalice of the Lord and the chalice of devils" (x, 16-21). " For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and giving thanks, said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body ... In like manner also the chalice, etc. . . . Therefore whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord. . . . For he that eatelh and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord" (xi, 23-29). On the words of con- secration see the two able articles by Dr. A. R. Eagar in "The Expositor", March .and April, 1908. — Mar- riage. Its use. Marriage good, but celibacy better. — The marriage of divorced liersons forbidden. — Second marriage allowed to Cliristians; but single state preferable for those who have the gift from God. (vii, 1-8.) Pauline Dispensation: a Christian is not bound to remain single if his pag.an partner is unwill- ing to live with him (vii, 12-15). — Virginity. It is not wrong to marry; but preferable to remain single— St. Paul's example — "He that giveth his virgin in marriage doth well ; and he that giveth her not doth