Page:Compendious Syriac Grammar.djvu/40

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
§ 1.
— 2 —
 
Usual Syriac
Character.
Estrangelo. Nestorian. Names. Sound-Value and
Transcription.
Hebrew
Equivalents.
Numerical
Value.
1. 2. 3. 4.
Unconnected—
(Detached
finals.)
Connected
on right—
(United
finals.)
Connected
on left.
Connected
right and
left.
ܐ ‍ܐ ܐ ܐ ܐܠܦ Ālaf (Ōlaf) Spiritus lenis (ʾ) א   1
ܒ ‍ܒ ܒ‍ ‍ܒ‍ ܒ ܒ ܒܝܬ Bēth b; v (β) ב   2
ܓ ‍ܓ ܓ‍ ‍ܓ‍ ܓ ܓ ܓܡܠ Gāmal (Gōmal) g (hard); gh (γ) ג   3
ܕ ‍ܕ ܕ ܕ ܕܠܬ or ܕܠܕ Dālath or Dāladh
(Dōlath or Dōladh)
d; dh (δ) ד   4
ܗ ‍ܗ ܗ ܗ ܗܐ h ה   5
ܘ ‍ܘ ܘ ܘ ܘܘ or ܘܐܘ Wau w ו   6
ܙ ‍ܙ ܙ ܙ ܙܝܢ or ܙܝ, ܙܐܝ Zain, Zēn, or Zai soft s (z) ז   7
ܚ ‍ܚ ܚ‍ ‍ܚ‍ ܚ ܚ ܚܝܬ Ḥēth hard h (ḥ) ח   8
ܛ ‍ܛ ܛ‍ ‍ܛ‍ ܛ ܛ ܛܝܬ Ṭēth emphatic t (ṭ) ט   9
ܝ ‍ܝ ܝ‍ ‍ܝ‍ ܝ ܝ ܝܘܕ Yōdh (Yūdh) y י  10
ܟ ‍ܟ ܟ‍ ‍ܟ‍ ܟ‍ ܟ ܟ‍ ܟ ܟܦ Kāf (Kōf) k; kh כ  20
ܠ ‍ܠ ܠ‍ ‍ܠ‍ ܠ ܠ ܠܡܕ Lāmadh (Lōmadh) l ל  30
ܡ ‍ܡ ܡ‍ ‍ܡ‍ ܡ‍ ܡ ܡ‍ ܡ ܡܝܡ Mīm m ם  40
ܢ ‍ܢ ܢ‍ ‍ܢ‍ ܢ‍ ܢ ܢ‍ ܢ ܢܘܢ Nūn, Nōn n נ  50
ܣ ‍ܣ ܣ‍ ‍ܣ‍ ܣ ܣ ܣܡܟܬ Semkath s ס  60
ܥ ‍ܥ ܥ‍ ‍ܥ‍ ܥ ܥ ܥܐ ʿĒ peculiar
guttural (ʿ)
ע  70
ܦ ‍ܦ ܦ‍ ‍ܦ‍ ܦ ܦ ܦܐ p; f, ph פ  80
ܨ ‍ܨ ܨ ܨ ܨܕܐ Ṣādhē (Ṣōdhē) emphatic s (ṣ) צ  90
ܩ ‍ܩ ܩ‍ ‍ܩ‍ ܩ ܩ ܩܘܦ Qōf guttural k (q) ק 100
ܪ ‍ܪ ܪ ܪ ܪܝܫ, ܪܫ Rēsh (Rīsh) r ר 200
ܫ ‍ܫ ܫ‍ ‍ܫ‍ ܫ ܫ ܫܝܢ Shīn sh[errata 1] שׁ 300
ܬ ‍ܬ ܬ ܬ ܬܘ, ܬܐܘ Tau t; th (θ) ת 400
 
  1. Correction: should be amended to  (š): detail