Page:Copyright, Its History And Its Law (1912).djvu/131

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pseudonym. Judge Greenbaum, in the N.Y. Supreme Court, held that the law insuring right of privacy does not prevent the use of a writer's name on a book undoubtedly of his writing.

In 1908 Mr. Clemens sought in vain to prevent the use by others of his pseudonym, "Mark Twain," by incorporating a company with this name, planning thus to secure the exclusive use of the name for this corporation and practically obtaining a continuing trade-mark protection for it under this device. But that an author may protect a nom de plume of settled use independent of copyright or trade-mark was held in Landa v. Greenberg in 1908, in Chancery Division.

Work in
When, as in the case of a cyclopaedia, many persons are employed at the offices of an employer, using his materials and facilities, and especially if on salary, the courts would undoubtedly uphold his full proprietorship in their work. Where outside persons contribute special articles, the presumption would probably be that the ownership of the copyright, for that special publication, vested in the employer, but that neither he, without the author's consent, nor the author, without his consent, could publish the article in other competing shape. In Bullen v. Aflalo, the House of Lords, in 1903, reversing the lower courts, protected the proprietors of an encyclopaedia who had purchased articles from authors, against reprints of the material elsewhere, by the authors themselves, on the ground "that the right to obtain copyright was intended to pass to the publisher, otherwise he would get nothing from his bargain; and unless the publisher and proprietor of the encyclopaedia stood in the shoes of the actual writer and was the proprietor of the copyright, he would have nothing for his money, because the articles might be published by others and he would have no remedy, not having the copyright."