INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS 331
of seven of the South American republics was held at Montevideo Montevideo, at which a convention with reference to congress, literary and artistic copyright was adopted January ^^^ II, 1889. The Montevideo convention has been rati- fied by Argentina (1894), Bolivia (1903), Paraguay (1889), Peru (1889), and Uruguay (1892), though not by Brazil and Chile, which were also participants in the congress. It was in general on the lines of the Berne convention, though no mention was made of unpublished works. A work first published or produced in any one of the signatory countries and protected in that country in accordance with its re- quirements, was also accorded in the other countries the rights secured in the first country, but not for a longer terra than was given in the country where protection was claimed. Dramatic works were speci- fically and playright impliedly protected. Provision was made for the Inclusion of countries outside of South America, under which Belgium, France, Italy and Spain have become parties to the convention, but only in relation with Argentina and Paraguay.
In the winter of 1 889-1 890, the first Pan American Pan Ameri- conference was held in Washington, and at this a •'^ confer- committee, of which Andrew Carnegie was the United States member, reported in favor of the adoption of the Montevideo convention. No action seems to have been taken, but it is probably this convention which is referred to as the first Pan American copyright treaty. The second Pan American copyright treaty, according to this numeration, was that adopted at the Pan American conference in Mexico City, signed January 27, 1902, at the same time with the patent and trade-mark treaty. This copyright convention was modeled somewhat on the lines of the Berne con- vention. At the Pan American conference in Rio de Janeiro, 1906, what is spoken of as thfe third Pan