INTERNATIONAL IN AMERICA 36I
been treasurer of the Authors' League, became its secretary, and throughout the campaigns ending in 1891 and 1909, had the working oar. The Typo- graf)hical Unions, represented'by John Louis Kennedy and James Welsh, gave support to the bill conditioned on the acceptance of the type-setting clause, and the opposition to it came chiefly from Gardiner G. Hub- bard and certain legal representatives of unnamed clients.
The Chace bill, modified to require printing from Senate pas- type set or plates made within the United States and ^^® °^ to prohibit the importation of foreign-made editions, jgss ' passed the Senate, Senators Chace, Hawley, Hoar and O. H. Piatt of Connecticut being foremost in its support, by voteof 35 to 10, May 9, 1888. It had been introduced into the House by W. C. P. Breckinridge of Kentucky, March 19, and favorably reported by theJudiciaryCommittee, April 21,1888. A bill which Brycebill, had been introduced by Lloyd S. Bryce of New York, "^888 January 16, and referred to the Committee on Pat- ents, was favorably reported by that Committee with amendment September 13, 1888. But the Mills tariff bill and other circumstances blocked the way, and the Fiftieth Congress adjourned without action by the House.
President Harrison, in his first annual message, De- President cember 3, 1889, to the Fifty-firist Congress, said; "The Harrison's subject of an internationa,l copyright has been fre- ^g^g^^*' quently commended to the attention of Congress by my predecessors. The enactment of such a law would be eminently wise and just." Senator Chace having resigned his seat, Senator O. H. Piatt became chair- man of the Committee on Patents and the chief advocate of the Chace bill, which he reintroduced December 4, 1889. In the House it was again intro- duced by Mr, Breckinridge on January 6, 1890, and