Page:Dictionary of National Biography. Sup. Vol III (1901).djvu/171

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Vedanta Philosophy,’ London, 1894. ‘The Six Systems of Indian Philosophy,’ London, 1899.

Biography.—‘Biographical Essays’ (‘Chips,’ vol. ii.), London, 1884; new impression, 1898. ‘Rāmakṛṣṇa, his Life and Sayings,’ London, 1898; twice reprinted, 1899; in collected edition, 1900. ‘Auld Lang Syne,’ vol. i. London, 1898 (3 editions), vol. ii., ‘My Indian Friends,’ London, 1899; ‘My Autobiography. A Fragment,’ London, 1901.

German.—‘The German Classics from the Fourth to the Nineteenth Century,’ London, 1858; new and enlarged edit. 2 vols. London, 1886. ‘Deutsche Liebe,’ 1st edit. Leipzig, 1857; 13th edit. 1898 (altogether 18,000 copies); a pirated translation, under the title of ‘Memories,’ has had an enormous sale in America; French transl. 1873; a new transl. 1900; English transl. (by Mrs. Max Müller) London, 1873; 4th edit. 1898. ‘Wilhelm Müller's Poems,’ edited with introduction and notes, Leipzig, 1868. ‘Schiller's Correspondence with Duke Friedrich Christian of Schleswig Holstein,’ edited with introduction and notes, Leipzig, 1875; ‘Scherer's History of German Literature,’ translated by Mrs. Conybeare and edited by F. Max Müller, Oxford, 1885; new edit. 1891.

A collected edition of Max Müller's essays, entitled ‘Chips from a German Workshop,’ was published in four volumes between 1867 and 1875; a new edition came out in 1880. A full collected edition of his works began to appear in 1898, and fifteen volumes had been published in it down to the end of 1900.

[This memoir is based on Max Müller's Leipzig Lecture-book (Collegienbuch); on Oxford University Notices from 1850 onwards; on ‘Auld Lang Syne,’ vol. i.; on ‘My Autobiography;’ on bibliographical notes furnished by Messrs. Longmans, Green, & Co.; on details supplied by Mrs. Max Miiller; and largely on personal knowledge (1876-1900).]

A. A. M.

MAXSE, FREDERICK AUGUSTUS (1833–1900), admiral and political writer, second son of James Maxse (d. 1864) of Arnos Vale, Bristol, by Lady Caroline Fitzhardinge (1803–1886), daughter of Frederick Augustus, fifth earl of Berkeley, was born in 1833. Sir Henry Berkeley Fitzhardinge Maxse [q. v.] was his elder brother. He entered the navy, obtained his lieutenancy in 1852, and as naval aide-de-camp to Lord Raglan after the battle of the Alma, displayed a conspicuous gallantry in carrying despatches, which caused his promotion to the rank of commander in December 1855. He retired from the service with the rank of admiral in 1867, and unsuccessfully contested the borough of Southampton in the radical interest at the general election of November 1868. He was also beaten in a subsequent contest for Middlesex in February 1874; nor did he ever succeed in entering parliament. Indeed the curious idiosyncrasies which made his character an interesting study to his friend Mr. George Meredith (see Beauchamp's Career) unfitted him for modern political life. His liberalism was of no school, and on certain questions, e.g. woman's suffrage and home rule, he was as tenaciously conservative as the highest of tories. He was an occasional contributor to periodical literature, and his articles on the conduct of certain of the operations in the Crimea, which appeared in the ‘National Review’ under the titles ‘Admiral Lord Lyons,’ ‘My Two Chiefs in the Crimea,’ ‘Lord Raglan's Traducers,’ and ‘The War Correspondent at Bay,’ during the first quarter of 1899, constitute a valuable accession to the materials at the disposal of the future historian.

Maxse died on 25 June 1900. He married, in 1862, Cecilia, daughter of Colonel Steele, by whom he left issue two sons—Major Frederick Ivor Maxse of the Coldstream guards, and Mr. L. J. Maxse, editor of the ‘National Review’—and two daughters, the younger of whom, Violet, married Lord Edward Cecil.

His separate publications are the following:

  1. ‘The Education of the Agricultural Poor, being an Address at a Meeting of the Botley and South Hants Farmers Club,’ London, 1868, 8vo.
  2. ‘Our Political Duty: a Lecture,’ London, 1870, 8vo.
  3. ‘A Plea for Intervention,’ London, 1871, 8vo.
  4. ‘The Causes of Social Revolt: a Lecture,’ London, 1872, 8vo.
  5. ‘Objections to Woman Suffrage: a Speech … at the Electoral Reform Conference held at the Freemasons' Tavern, 17 Nov. 1874.’
  6. Whether the Minority of Electors should be represented by a Majority in the House of Commons? A Lecture upon Electoral Reform,’ London, 1875, 8vo.
  7. ‘Woman Suffrage: the Counterfeit and the True. Reasons for opposing both,’ London, 1877, 8vo; new edit. 1884.
  8. ‘National Education and its Opponents: a Lecture,’ London, 1877, 8vo.
  9. ‘The French Press and Ireland: two Letters on the Irish Question addressed to “La Justice,”’ London, 1888, 8vo.
  10. ‘Home Rule: an Expostulation,’ London, 1889, 8vo.
  11. ‘Judas! a Political Tract, dedicated to the Intelligent Parliamentary Elector,’ London, 1894, 8vo.

For uncollected articles see ‘National Review,’ August 1895, Septem-