Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 07.djvu/274

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

between 1780 and 1808 his works frequently appeared. But, as an artist, he remained an amateur until his death; and his designs—many interesting examples of which, both in oils and black and white, are still preserved by the present Sir C. Bunbury of Barton—must be admitted to be inferior in humour to Rowlandson's and in satire to Gillray's. Nevertheless, they are not without a good deal of grotesque drollery of the rough-and-ready kind in vogue towards the end of the last century—that is to say, drollery depending in a great measure for its laughable qualities upon absurd contrasts, ludicrous distortions, horseplay, and personal misadventure. Bunbury's portrait was painted by Lawrence and engraved by Ryder. There is also a portrait of him as a youth by Reynolds, engraved by Blackmore. To complete this account it should be added that he was colonel of the West Suffolk militia, and very successful as an actor in private theatricals. His eldest son, Charles John Bunbury, who died in 1798, was the ‘Master Bunbury’ painted by Reynolds in 1781; his second son, afterwards Sir Henry Bunbury, bart. [q. v.], was Sir Joshua's godchild.

[Buss's English Graphic Satire, 1874, 101–4; Wright's History of Caricature and Grotesque, 1865, 456–8; Grego's Rowlandson, 1880, i. 76–80; Hanmer Correspondence, 1838; Angelo's Reminiscences, 1830, 411–12; Redgrave, Bryan, and Bunbury's Works in the British Museum, which include some facsimiles of his original drawings.]

A. D.

BUNDY, RICHARD (d. 1739), divine and translator, was born at Devizes, Wiltshire, and educated at Christ Church, Oxford, as a member of which house he proceeded B.A. on 13 Oct. 1713. An assiduous attendance at court led to his appointment as chaplain in ordinary, and in 1732 he was selected to accompany the king on his visit to Hanover, being at the same time created doctor of divinity by the Archbishop of Canterbury (Gent. Mag. ii. 777). As a further mark of the royal confidence he was nominated a trustee for establishing the new colony in South Carolina to be known hereafter by the name of Georgia. On returning to England in September 1732 Bundy became vicar of St. Bride's, Fleet Street (Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, i. 358), and on 24 August prebendary of Westminster (Le Neve, Fasti Eccl. Angl., ed. Hardy, iii. 365). To these preferments was added in 1733 the rich living of East Barnet. Bundy died on 27 Jan. 1738–9, and was buried at Devizes (Gent. Mag. ix. 47; Lysons, Environs, iv. 17, 18). He left a widow and one daughter. The year following his death appeared ‘Sermons on several Occasions; with a Course of Lectures on the Church Catechism,’ 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1740 (second edition 1750). A third but probably spurious volume was published in the last-named year. Bundy also translated Lamy's ‘Apparatus Biblicus,’ 4to, London, 1723 (second edition, 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1728), and the ‘Roman History’ by Catrou and Rouillé, 6 vols. folio, London, 1728–37. John Ozell had meditated adding one more vile translation of the last to an already extended list, but finding himself forestalled by Bundy he gave vent to his wrath in a series of silly squibs.

[Gent. Mag. ii.; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

G. G.

BUNGAY, THOMAS (fl. 1290), a learned Franciscan friar, was born at Bungay, Suffolk, and educated at Paris and Oxford, in which university he was the tenth reader in divinity. On resigning this post, in which he was succeeded by John Peckham, afterwards archbishop of Canterbury, he migrated to Cambridge, where he held a similar position. He was subsequently appointed provincial minister of his order in England, being the eighth, counting from Agnellus of Pisa, who was deputed by St. Francis to introduce his order into this island. In this post he was again succeeded by Peckham. Wadding speaks of him as being elected by the general suffrage of the order, but at this time the nomination of provincial ministers was in the hands of the general minister, an office which was probably held (for the date of Bungay's appointment is not precisely known) by St. Bonaventura, ‘doctor seraphicus.’ In addition to the subjects on which he lectured—theology and philosophy—Bungay had also attained such proficiency in mathematics, that he was accounted a magician, like his friend, Roger Bacon, and there are many wonderful stories of his doings in the ‘Famous Historie of Roger Bacon,’ of which the first edition was published in 1627. In 1594 Robert Greene made Bungay a chief character in the ‘Honorable History of Frier Bacon and Frier Bungay.’ His writings, according to Pits, were as follows: ‘Super Magistrum Sententiarum liber i.;’ ‘Quæstionum Theologicarum liber i.;’ and ‘De Magia Naturali liber i.’ He was buried at Northampton.

[Monumenta Franciscana, 537, 550, 552, 555, 560; Possevino, Apparatus Sacer, ii. 484; Pits, De Angliæ Scriptoribus, 373; Wood's Hist. and Antiq. Oxon. (ed. Gutch, 1792), 357; Bale (ed. 1557), p. 347; Leland's Commentarii de Scriptoribus, 302; Wadding's Annales Minorum, v. 240.]

C. T. M.