Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 07.djvu/70

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fell through, and Browne died in the following year (1586) on 2 May (Le Neve, iii. 350). He was buried in the north transept of the abbey (Widmore, 219, 227), or according to Faulkner in the cloisters (Chelsea, i. 179). In the register of Chelsea parish for 3 April 1576 is found the baptism of Gabriel, son of Thomas Browne, Pars. (Faulkner, ii. 119). Browne was the author of occasional poems in Latin and English verse.

  1. A Latin poem, prefixed to Edward Grant's 'Spicilegium Graecæ Linguæ' (1577).
  2. A similar poem in John Prise's 'Defensio Historiæ Britannicæ' (1573).
  3. A Latin poem on the death of the two Dukes of Suffolk (1552).
  4. 'Thebais, a tragedy.'
  5. A poem in English on Peterson's 'Galateo' (1576) (v. Ames, ii. 903).
  6. Wood (Athenæ, ii. 130) mentions verses by a Thomas Browne, prebendary of Westminster, in Twyne's translation of Humphrey Lloyd's 'Breviary of Britain.'
  7. Prefixed to a sermon by Richard Curteys, bishop of Chichester, preached before the queen at Greenwich in 1573-4, there is a 'Preface,' written according to the title-page by one T.B., and signed 'Thomas Browne B.D. at Westminster.' This is probably the work of the man under notice.

[Cooper's Athenæ Cantab. i. 510; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.; Welch's Alumni Westmonast. p. 9; Harwood's Alumni Eton. p. 166; Newcourt's Repertorium, i. 394, 586, 923, ii. 231; Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss), ii. 231, iii. 1 004; Faulkner's Chelsea, i. 179, ii. 119; Widmore's Antiquities of Westminster, pp. 219, 227; Strype's Whitgift, i. 337; Ames (Herbert), ii. 903; Curteys's Sermon before the Queen at Greenwich, 1573-4; Le Neve, iii. 350.]

A. G-n.

BROWNE or BROWN, THOMAS (1604?–1673), divine, a native of Middlesex, was elected student of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1620, took the degree of M.A. in 1627, was proctor of the university in 1636, and took the degree of B.D. and was appointed domestic chaplain to Archbishop Laud in 1637. A sermon of his on John xi. 4 was highly offensive to the puritans, and they were indignant at his appointment to a canonry at Windsor in 1639. This sermon was found in manuscript in Laud's study when the archbishop's papers were seized, and appears not to have been printed. Browne held the rectories of St. Mary Aldermary and Oddington in Oxfordshire. Being forced by the puritans to leave his cure in London, he joined the king at Oxford, was made his chaplain, and received the degree of D.D. by letters patent 2 Feb. 1642. On the overthrow of the royal cause he took shelter in Holland, and was appointed chaplain to the Princess of Orange. At the Restoration he recovered his benefices. In 1661 he was recommended for the provostship of Eton, but the king passed him by. He died in 1673 and was buried at Windsor. He published ‘Tomus alter et idem, a History of the Life and Reign of that famous Princess Elizabeth,’ a translation of vol. ii. of Camden's ‘Annals,’ to which he added an ‘Appendix containing animadversions upon several passages,’ 1629; a sermon preached before the University of Oxford, 1634; ‘Concio ad Clerum,’ or ‘A Discourse of the Revenues of the Clergy … in a sermon preached … before the university upon taking a B.D. degree 8 June 1637,’ preserved in ‘The Present State of Letters,’ where it is described as ‘a notable specimen of the learning, wit, and pulpit oratory of that time;’ ‘A Key to the King's Cabinet, or Animadversions upon the three printed Speeches of Mr. L'Isle, Mr. Tate, and Mr. Browne, spoken in London, 3 July 1645,’ Oxford, 1645; ‘A Treatise in defence of Hugo Grotius,’ Hague, 1646; ‘The Royal Charter granted unto Kings by God himself,’ London, 1649 (Hearne); 'Dissertatio de Therapeuticis Philonis,' published with 'The Interpretation of the Two Books of Clement by other writers,' 1689.

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (ed. Bliss) iii. 1003; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, pt. ii. 93; Present State of Letters (ed. Andrew Reid), vi. art. 21, 199–219; Hearne's Collections (ed. Doble), 102, 363 (Oxford Hist. Soc.)]

W. H.

BROWNE, Sir THOMAS (1605–1682), physician and author, was born in London, Michael, Cheapside, on 19 Oct. 1605. His father was a mercer at Upton, Cheshire, but came of a good family, From a pedigree (printed by Wilkin) in the College of Arms, we learn that his mother was Anna, daughter of Paul Garraway of Lewes, Sussex. His father died prematurely; his mother, who had received 3,000l. as a third part of her husband's property, married Sir Thomas Button, and lett her young son completely under the care of rapacious guardians, Having been educated at Winchester College, Browne was sent at the beginning of 1623 as a fellow-commoner to Broadgate Hall (now Pembroke College), Oxford. He was admitted to the degree of B.A. on 31 June 1626, and proceeded M.A. on 11 June 1629. Turning his attention to the study of medicine, he practised for some time in Oxfordshire; afterwards, throwing up his practice, he accompanied his stepfather (who held some official position) to Ireland on a visitation of the forts and castles. From Ireland he passed to France and Italy; stayed at