Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 14.djvu/102

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.


John Law, who afterwards became vicar of Brotherton, that ‘when he had finished his book he went to consult Dr. Bentley (the then great critic of the age); but the doctor (as is supposed), thinking Mr. Daubuz would outshine him in learning, and eclipse his glory, did not encourage him to publish it. Upon which poor Mr. Daubuz returned home unhappy in mind and weary in body, sickened of pleuritic fever, and died in a few days,’ on 14 June 1717. Law says he was ‘a tall, stout, strong, hale man, of a swarthy, black complexion, wore his own strong, black curled hair, and had a very loud voice. He was a worthy, good man—a man beloved and respected by all.’

He married Anne Philota, daughter of Philippe Guide, M.D., and left issue eight children. The present English families of the name of Daubuz derive their descent from his fifth son Theophilus, who was born at Brotherton in 1713, and died in London in 1774 (Agnew, Protestant Exiles from France, 2nd edit. ii. 246). Another of his sons, Claude, was educated at Catharine Hall, Cambridge, became vicar of Huddersfield, and died at Pontefract on 15 Sept. 1760, aged 50.

His works are: 1. ‘Caroli Daubuz Presbyteri et A.M., pro testimonio Flavii Josephi de Jesu Christo, libri duo … Cum præfatione Johannis Ernesti Grabe,’ London, 1706, 8vo. Dedicated to his patron, Dr. Henry James, master of Queens' College. This dissertation is reprinted in Havercamp's edition of ‘Josephus,’ 2 vols. Amsterdam, 1726. 2. ‘A Perpetual Commentary on the Revelation of St. John … with a preliminary Discourse concerning the certainty of the Principles upon which the Revelation of St. John is to be understood,’ London, 1720, fol. pp. 1068. Another edition ‘new modell'd, abridg'd, and render'd plain to the meanest capacity, by Peter Lancaster, A.M., vicar of Bowden in Cheshire, and sometime student of Christ Church in Oxford,’ appeared at London in 1730, 4to. Lancaster collected the symbolical matter, in which Daubuz's commentary is very rich, and formed it into a dictionary, constituting the first part of his abridgment. A new and enlarged edition, prepared by Matthew Habershon, of this introductory part was published under the title of ‘A Symbolical Dictionary; in which … the general signification of the Prophetic Symbols, especially those of the Apocalypse, is laid down and proved from the most ancient authorities, sacred and profane,’ London, 1842, 8vo. Horne describes the ‘Commentary’ as ‘an elaborate and useful work, of which later authors have not failed to avail themselves’ (Introd. to Study of the Scriptures, vol. v.)

[Addit. MSS. 5867, f. 33, 22910, ff. 277, 389, 22911, f. 72; Agnew's Protestant Exiles from France, 2nd edit. ii. 219, iii. 73, 214; New and General Biog. Dict. (1761), vol. iv., Whiston's MS. note on fly-leaf; Chalmers's Biog. Dict.; Darling's Cycl. Bibliographica, i. 871; Gent. Mag. new ser. xiii. 212; Haag's La France Protestante (Bordier), i. 559; Hunter's Hallamshire (Gatty), 309; Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohn), ii. 594; Nichols's Illustr. of Lit. iv. 316, v. 63, 64; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. i. 435, ii. 145, 390, 724, iii. 668, viii. 373; Notes and Queries, 1st series, vi. 527, vii. 52, 144; Thoresby's Ducatus Leodiensis, ed. Whitaker, 232; Whiston's Memoirs (1749), 107; Zouch's Address to the Clergy of the Deaneries of Richmond, Catterick, and Boroughbridge at the visitations held 1792, p. 4.]

T. C.

DAUGLISH, JOHN, M.D. (1824–1866), inventor of aërated bread, was born in London on 10 Feb. 1824. He was the third son of William and Caroline Dauglish; his father's family came from the Scottish border, while his mother could trace her descent from Sir Richard Baker [q. v.] William Dauglish was possessed of considerable literary and artistic taste and was long in the employ of one of the large East Indian houses ruined by the commercial panic of 1847. The son's mechanical talents were inherited from his mother, to whose management he owed much. John Dauglish went to Dr. Alexander Allen's school at Hackney, but it was found necessary to allow him to study alone. His bent of mind was thoroughly mathematical and practical. He was fond of model-making, and while still very young he constructed an excellent model steam-engine; when a little older he invented a really capital paddle-wheel. He was disappointed by finding that the principle was already patented, but was consoled by seeing the excellent working of the machine of his predecessor. His parents were too poor to give him a technical education, or enable him to accept a place as pupil in a large engineering firm in Liverpool. He passed a few months in his father's office, but the uncongenial work injured his spirits and his health. He engaged in literary work, and contributed an able article to the ‘British Quarterly’ on the labour question. A short sketch in verse, entitled ‘A May Morning's Walk,’ appeared in Hogg's ‘Instructor’ for 1851. In 1848 Dauglish married the second daughter of William Consett Wright of Upper Clapton. In 1852 a friend advised Dauglish to study for the medical profession, and in that year he removed to Edinburgh. The next four years were spent in the medical schools of the university there, his boyish difficulties still con-