Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 21.djvu/427

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a China-Shop, the Corner of Fleet-Ditch, 1747.’ A list of nearly two hundred subscribers includes ‘Mrs. Glasse, Cary-Street,’ and ‘Mr. Glasse, Attorney at Law.’ In an address ‘To the reader’ the author declares, ‘I have attempted a Branch of Cookery which Nobody has yet thought worth their while to write upon,’ and continues: ‘If I have not wrote in the high polite Stile I hope I shall be forgiven; for my Intention is to instruct the lower Sort.’ The extravagance of French cooks is severely condemned. The volume has at the end ‘A certain Cure for the Bite of a Mad Dog, attributed to Dr. Mead.’ It became deservedly popular. In 1751 the fourth edition was issued in octavo. It contains a few pages of appendix, and has the autograph of H. Glasse engraved in facsimile across the title at the top of the beginning of the text. This autograph was printed in facsimile in the same place in subsequent editions. The ninth edition appeared in 1765, and many other editions succeeded. Mrs. Glasse was author also of ‘The Compleat Confectioner: or the Whole Art of Confectionary Made Plain and Easy, &c. &c. By H. Glasse, Author of the “Art of Cookery.”’ This is not dated, but is to be sold, like the ‘Art of Cookery,’ at ‘Mrs. Ashburner's China Shop.’ The introductory address, ‘To the Housekeepers of Great Britain and Ireland,’ has the facsimile autograph ‘H. Glasse,’ which is repeated at the beginning of the text as in the ‘Art of Cookery.’ The British Museum Catalogue suggests 1770 as its date of publication. Mrs. Glasse also published ‘The Servant's Directory, or Housekeeper's Companion,’ &c., London, 1770, 8vo. In the fourth edition of ‘The Art of Cookery,’ on the flyleaf opposite the title-page, is an elaborate advertisement in copperplate, announcing that Hannah Glasse is ‘Habit Maker to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, in Tavistock Street, Covent Garden,’ &c. She may be identical with the ‘Hannah Glass of St. Paul's, Co. Garden, Warehouse-keeper,’ placed in the list of bankrupts for May 1754 in the ‘Gentleman's Magazine’ (xxiv. 244). A report is mentioned in Boswell's ‘Life of Johnson’ (1848, p. 592) that Mrs. Glasse's ‘Cookery’ was by Dr. John Hill, but the style of the book and the existence of the other works noted above are irreconcilable with this view. The attribution to Mrs. Glasse of the proverb ‘First catch your hare’ has occasioned some discussion. The proverb is not found in her ‘Art of Cookery,’ but her words ‘Take your hare when it is cased’ may have suggested it.

[Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. vi. 322, 444, viii. 206, xi. 264, 6th ser. xi. 90, 196; Brit. Mus. Cat. The Brit. Mus. copy of the Servant's Directory is unfortunately missing; Brewer's Dict. of Phrase and Fable.]

R. B.

GLASSE, SAMUEL, D.D. (1735–1812), theologian, son of the Rev. Richard Glasse of Purton, Wiltshire, born in 1735, was a scholar of Westminster School from 1749 to 1752, when he was elected a junior student of Christ Church, Oxford (4 June). He proceeded B.A. in 1756, M.A. in 1759, and accumulated the degrees of B.D. and D.D. on 7 Dec. 1769. In 1764 he became a fellow of the Royal Society, and in 1772 chaplain in ordinary to his majesty. His first preferment was the rectory of St. Mary's, Hanwell, Middlesex, which he afterwards resigned in favour of his son, George Henry Glasse [q. v.] in 1785. The church was rebuilt during his residency, and he contributed largely towards the new edifice. In 1782 he became vicar of Epsom, and four years later rector of Wanstead, Essex. He was appointed to the prebend of Shalford in the cathedral of Wells in 1791, which he retained until 1798, when he was installed as prebendary of Oxgate in St. Paul's Cathedral. He died in Sackville Street, Piccadilly, on 27 April 1812, in his seventy-ninth year. Glasse was the intimate friend of George Horne, bishop of Norwich. Glasse was a popular and eloquent preacher, and an active country magistrate. The sermons he delivered before public bodies and on behalf of special charities were often printed between 1773 and 1803. In 1777 he translated and edited a French work, entitled ‘Address from a Lady of Quality to her Children in the Last Stage of a Lingering Illness,’ Gloucester, 1778, 2 vols. 8vo. He felt a keen sympathy with Raikes in his organisation of Sunday schools, and was the author of ‘The Piety, Wisdom, and Policy of promoting Sunday Schools,’ London, 1786, 4to, and of an article in the ‘Gentleman's Magazine,’ lvii. 11, January 1788, entitled ‘A Short Sketch and Character of Mr. Raikes.’ He published in 1787 ‘A Narrative of Proceedings tending towards a National Reforming previous to, and consequent upon, his Majesty's Royal Proclamation for the Suppression of Vice and Immorality. In a Letter to a Friend, &c. by a Country Magistrate,’ London, 1787, 8vo. He likewise assisted Man Godscall in his pamphlet, ‘A General Plan of Parochial and Provincial Police,’ London, 1787, 8vo.

[Welch's Alumni Westmon. pp. 349, 358, 359, 534; Foster's Alumni Oxon.; Lysons's Environs, ii. 553; Manning's Surrey, ii. 623; Malcolm's Lond. Red. iii. 20; Nichols's Lit. Hist. ix. 131; Gent. Mag. lii. 552, lvi. 719, lxi. 686; Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Life of Bishop Horne, by C. Jones, i. 41.]

W. F. W. S.