Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 27.djvu/14

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verance. As a writer he advocated the voluntary principle in religious matters. He was also known as the author of ‘A History of the United States of America’ and a ‘System of Theology.’ In the former, which includes topography as well as history, he was assisted by many writers, both European and American. On his retirement from Devonshire Square Chapel in 1863 he preached for a short time near London, and then by request went to Reading to serve a new church, but in 1868 he removed to Bristol, and resided there for the remainder of his life. He employed himself in the collection and publication of his theological works, which were printed in seven volumes crown octavo (1864). In February 1872, as one of the representatives of the Baptist Union, he attended the thanksgiving for the recovery of the Prince of Wales at St. Paul's Cathedral. He died at 1 Redland Terrace, Clifton, Bristol, on 17 Dec. 1873, and was buried in Arno's Vale cemetery. His son, James Hinton, is noticed separately.

He was the author of: 1. ‘A Biographical Portraiture of James Hinton, Pastor of Congregational Church in Oxford,’ 1824. 2. ‘A Vindication of Christian Missions in India,’ 1826. 3. ‘Theology, or an Attempt towards a Consistent View of the whole Counsel of God,’ 1827; 2nd ed. 1843. 4. ‘On Completeness of Ministerial Qualification,’ 1829. 5. ‘Elements of Natural History, or an Introduction to Systematic Zoology,’ 1830. 6. ‘The History and Topography of the United States, ed. by J. H. Hinton and others,’ 2 vols. 1830–2, 1834, and 1850; 1869, 1 vol. 7. ‘The Work of the Holy Spirit in Conversion considered,’ 1830; 3rd ed. 1841. 8. ‘The Harmony of Religious Truth and Human Reason asserted,’ 1832. 9. ‘Memoir of John Howard Hinton,’ 1835; 3rd ed. 1837. 10. ‘Christian Sympathy,’ 1835. 11. ‘A Treatise on Man's Responsibility,’ 1840; 2nd ed. 1842. 12. ‘A Review of the Bishop of London's Three Sermons on the Church,’ 1842. 13. ‘The Epistle to the Hebrews freely rendered,’ 1843. 14. ‘A Plea for the Liberty of Education,’ 1843. 15. ‘Why not? or Seven Objections to the Educational Clauses of the Factories Regulation Bill,’ 1843. 16. ‘Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica,’ 1847. 17. ‘Who will Live for Ever? an Examination of Luke xx. 36, with Notes,’ 1848. 18. ‘Athanasia, or Four Books on Immortality,’ 1849. 19. ‘Letters written during a Tour in Holland and North Germany,’ 1851. 20. ‘The Test of Experience, or the Voluntary Principle in the United States,’ 1851. 21. ‘The Case of the Manchester Educationalists,’ 1852–4, 2 pts. 22. ‘Secular Tracts,’ 1853, 5 Nos. 23. ‘On Acquaintance with God. Twelve Lectures,’ 1856. 24. ‘On God's Government of Man. Ten Lectures,’ 1856. 25. ‘On Redemption. Eleven Lectures,’ 1859. 26. ‘Individual Effort and the Active Christian,’ 1859. 27. ‘Notes of a Tour in Sweden. By E. Steane and J. H. Hinton,’ 1859. 28. ‘The Principles and Practices of Baptist Churches. By F. Wayland, ed. J. H. Hinton,’ 1861. 29. ‘Moderate Calvinism re-examined,’ 1861. 30. ‘Strictures on some Passages in J. H. Godwin's Congregational Lecture,’ 1862. 31. ‘The Happiness of the Pious Dead. A Sermon on the Death of Mrs. M. Steane,’ 1862. 32. ‘An Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans,’ 1863. 33. ‘The Theological Works of J. H. Hinton,’ 1864. 34. ‘Anti-Ritualistic Tracts,’ 1866–7, 5 Nos. He also published many other lectures, sermons, and small works.

[Times, 22 Dec. 1873, p. 4; Illustrated Lond. News, 10 Jan. 1874, pp. 35–6, with portrait; Baptist Handbook, 1875, pp. 277–80.]

G. C. B.

HIPPISLEY, JOHN (d. 1748), actor and dramatist, was born near Wookey Hole in Somersetshire. He seems to have belonged to a well-known Somerset family [see Hippisley, Sir John Coxe]. He is said in the ‘Biographia Dramatica’ to have first come on the stage as a candle-snuffer, and on the death of Pinkethman to have succeeded to his parts. Doubt is thrown by Genest on these latter statements. Hippisley's first recorded appearance took place at Lincoln's Inn Fields, 7 Nov. 1722, as Fondlewife in the ‘Old Bachelor.’ He is announced in the bills as never having appeared on that stage before. This was followed in the same season by Scrub, Sir Hugh Evans, Gomez in the ‘Spanish Fryar,’ Polonius, Pandarus in ‘Troilus and Cressida,’ and other comic parts. At Lincoln's Inn Fields he remained until the season of 1732–3, playing among many other characters Sir Francis Gripe in the ‘Busy Body,’ Scapin, Barnaby Brittle in the ‘Amorous Widow,’ Sir William Wisewood in ‘Love's Last Shift,’ Corbaccio in ‘Volpone,’ Old Woman in ‘Rule a Wife and have a Wife,’ Obadiah in the ‘Committee,’ and Calianax in the ‘Maid's Tragedy,’ and originating one or two characters, the most important of which was Peachum in the ‘Beggar's Opera,’ 29 Jan. 1728. He also for his benefit, 23 April 1731, played David Shenkin in his own farce, the ‘Journey to Bristol, or the Honest Welshman,’ 8vo, 1731. It is a fairly amusing production, and was probably first seen at Bristol, where Hippisley built a theatre, and whither he was in the habit of taking annually a company in the summer. It was sold by ‘John Hippisley, Comedian, at his Coffee House in Newcastle Court with-