Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 30.djvu/300

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favourite theory of primary and secondary poets. It is, as Mr. Gladstone termed it, ‘a refined work,’ but being written in a dead language, its circulation was, of course, very limited. In 1844 he wrote a forcible pamphlet in defence of William George Ward, whom it was proposed to deprive of his degrees on account of the ‘Ideal Church.’ His act was the more generous as he was not acquainted with Ward. The profits of ‘The Christian Year’ had been devoted to the restoration of Hursley Church. More money was required for the same purpose, and in 1846 he published another volume of hymns, which he had written to solace himself in ‘the desolating anxiety of the last two or three years,’ during which Newman's secession had taken place. The title was ‘Lyra Innocentium: Thoughts in Verse on Christian Children, their Ways, and their Privileges.’ Thoroughly realising the doctrine of baptismal regeneration, he saw in a newly baptised infant an image of purity such as no other being on earth could present. The rarity of this view and the stronger insistence upon the doctrines of the Tracts helped to make the book less popular than its predecessor, although Sir John Coleridge and Dean Stanley recognised a higher strain of poetry in it.

In 1847 appeared the only complete volume of Keble's sermons published during his lifetime. It was entitled ‘Sermons Academical and Occasional,’ and was mainly intended, as the preface indicates, to prevent churchmen from following the example of Newman; and the characteristic argument was that it was the safer course for men to remain in the church of their baptism. This volume contains the famous assize sermon on ‘National Apostasy,’ preached at Oxford in 1833, which Newman ‘always considered the start of the Oxford Movement.’ It is at once singularly plain, and thoroughly brave and outspoken. Keble also contributed frequently to the ‘British Magazine,’ edited by the Rev. Hugh James Rose. Among other things he wrote a series of articles on church reform, signed ‘K.,’ and some sonnets. He also published some ‘Pastoral Tracts on the Gorham Question’ (‘A Call to Speak Out,’ ‘Trial of Doctrine’) in 1850. The Divorce Bill of 1857 drew from Keble a pamphlet entitled ‘An Argument against Repealing the Laws which treat the Nuptial Bond as Indissoluble,’ and this was followed by a longer ‘Sequel’ in the same year. In 1857 he also published the treatise ‘On Eucharistical Adoration,’ called forth by the decision of the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Denison case. He had long been occupied with the book, over which he took far more time and trouble than over anything else that he published. About 1846 the project of editing the ‘Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology’ was formed. Keble undertook to edit Bishop Wilson's works and to write a life of the author. ‘The Life of Thomas Wilson, Bishop of Sodor and Man,’ was not published until 1863, after sixteen years of engrossing labour, and two visits to the Isle of Man. It filled two volumes, and ‘served as an introduction to the complete collection of the bishop's works, which filled six other volumes’ in the ‘Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology.’ The great attraction of the subject to Keble was the Manx discipline, on which he dwells in rather excessive detail. The only other work published by Keble himself, apart from separate tracts and sermons, was ‘A Litany of Our Lord's Warnings, 1864,’ which was called forth by those who denied the doctrine of eternal punishment.

But there were many posthumous publications. In 1867 appeared a volume entitled ‘Sermons Occasional and Parochial.’ This was edited by his brother, and contains his first two sermons, and a sermon of every year of his ministry, probably selected in order to show how little his opinions changed. ‘Village Sermons on the Baptismal Service’ appeared in 1868; from 1875 to 1880 eleven volumes of ‘Sermons for the Christian Year,’ under the superintendence of Dr. Pusey; and in 1880 a volume of ‘Outlines of Instructions or Meditations for the Church Seasons,’ edited, with a preface, by the Rev. R. F. Wilson, to whom, with Keble's brother Thomas, all his sermons were entrusted with a view to selection for publication. In 1869 appeared a volume of ‘Miscellaneous Poems,’ with a preface signed ‘G. M., Chester,’ George Moberly, Keble's intimate friend and neighbour, at that time canon of Chester. These include his ode as poetry professor on the occasion of the installation of the Duke of Wellington as chancellor of the university; forty-five hymns contributed to the ‘Lyra Apostolica’ under the signature ‘γ,’ which first appeared in the ‘British Magazine;’ several contributed to the ‘Salisbury Hymnal,’ and four to ‘The Child's Christian Year.’ In 1870 was published a singularly interesting volume, ‘Letters of Spiritual Counsel and Guidance,’ edited by his first curate and lifelong friend, the Rev. R. F. Wilson. In 1877 appeared ‘Occasional Papers and Reviews,’ with a preface by Dr. Pusey, including a striking letter on Keble by Cardinal Newman. The reviews include the once famous review (eighty pages) of Lockhart's ‘Life of Scott,’ which illustrates the share which Sir Walter had in preparing the way for the