Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 34.djvu/74

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Loeghaire
Loewe
68

    by William Loe,' 4to, Hamburg, 1620 (a copy in the Hamburg Public Library is the only one known).
  1. 'Vox Clamantis. Mark i. 3. A stil voice, to the three thricehonourable Estates of Parliament: and in them, to all the Soules of this our Nation,' 4to [London], 1621.
  2. 'The King's Shoe. Made and ordained to trample on, and to treade downe Edomites,' 4to, London, 1623, a sermon preached before the king.
  3. ' A Sermon preached … April 21, 1645, at the Funerall of … Dan. Featley … with a short Relation of his Life and Death, by WilliamLeo' (sic), 4to, London, 1645, with a curiously engraved frontispiece of Dr. Featley. Another sermon, entitled 'The Kings Sworde ordained of God and by God immediatelie given to Christian Kings for the Defence of the Faith,' &c., which he preached at Whitehall on 14 Jan. 1622-3, is preserved in manuscript in the British Museum (King's MS. 17, A. xl.); it is inscribed at great length to Prince Charles.

Loe suggested to Joshua Sylvester the idea of his poem entitled 'Tobacco Battered,' which the latter dedicated to him in a sonnet (Sylvester, Works, 1641, p. 572).

Loe's son, William Loe (fl. 1639), proceeded in 1621 from Westminster School to Trinity College, Cambridge, became D.D., and in 1639 was presented to the college living of Kirkby Masham, Yorkshire. He was a contributor to the university collections of Latin and Greek verses on the birth of the Princess Elizabeth in 1635, and on that of the Princess Anne in 1637. He also compiled from his father's papers a little volume called 'The Merchants Manuell, being a Step to Stedfastnesse, tending to settle the Soules of all sober minded Christian Catholiques,' 16mo, London, 1628.

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss), iii. 183; Grosart's Introduction to reprint of Loe's Songs of Sion referred to; Hunter's Chorus Valum (Addit. MS. 24492, f. 134); Welch's Alumni West.(1852), pp. 90, 91.]

G. G.


LOEGHAIRE (d. 458), king of Ireland. [See Laeghaire.]


LOEWE, LOUIS (1809–1888), linguist, was born of Jewish parents at Zülz, Prussian Silesia, in 1809. After attending successively Rosenburg Academy and the colleges of Lissa, Nicolsburg, and Presburg, he matriculated at the university of Berlin, where he took the degree of Ph.D. His knowledge of languages and numismatics was even at this period considerable, and on his paying a visit to Hamburg he was entrusted with the task of arranging the oriental coins in the Sprewitz collection. Coming to London, he obtained introductions to the Duke of Sussex and Admiral Sir Sydney Smith, through, whom he became known to many leading scholars and patrons of learning in England. In prosecution of his researches Loewe subsequently visited Oxford, Cambridge, and Paris. In 1836 he undertook, under the auspices of the Duke of Sussex and Sir S. Smith, a three years' tour in the East for the purpose of extending his knowledge of languages. Near Safed he was ill-treated and robbed by some Druses, and had to continue his journey through Palestine in the garb of a Bedouin. In 1839 the Duke of Sussex appointed him his lecturer on the oriental tongues.

On his return from his travels in 1839 Loewe went to study in the Vatican Library. At the time Sir Moses Montefiore passed through Rome on his second journey to the Holy Land. Loewe had been Montefiore's guest at Ramsgate in 1835, and he now readily accepted his invitation to accompany him to Palestine as his secretary. The intimate relations thus created with Sir Moses ceased only at the latter's death. In the memorable mission to Damascus and Constantinople in 1840, and on every succeeding journey, thirteen in all, extending from 1839 to 1874, Loewe accompanied Montefiore, to whom his linguistic acquirements and shrewd sense proved invaluable. He is said in 1840 to have addressed a large mixed congregation in the synagogue at Galata in four languages. His services in connection with the missions and philanthropic schemes of Montefiore were frequently acknowledged by the Jewish board of deputies. On 25 March 1841 he was presented by Montefiore to Queen Victoria.

In 1846 Loewe delivered two lectures on the Samaritans at Sussex Hall, Leadenhall Street, and in the same year he preached in the great synagogue at Wilna, on the occasion of Montefiore's mission to Russia. He was appointed first principal of Jews' College, Finsbury Square, in 1856, but soon resigned the office. He became examiner for oriental languages to the Royal College of Preceptors in 1858, and in the same year opened a Jewish boarding-school at Brighton.

When in 1868 Montefiore founded the Judith Theological College at Ramsgate, he chose Loewe as principal and director, and Loewe filled that office for twenty years. Early in 1888 he removed to London, and he died on 5 Nov. 1888 at 53 Warwick Road, Maida Hill. He was buried at Willesden. He married in 1844, and his widow survived him, together with three sons and four daughters. Loewe, a quiet, laborious scholar, had an aversion to public life, and was considered