Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/124

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spent nobly; knowing that princes honour them most that have most, and the people them only that employ most.’ His despatches are written with such minute attention to details that they are among the most interesting and valuable of contemporary historical records.

Sadler married Margaret Mitchell or Barré. According to catholic writers she was a laundress, and he married her during the lifetime of her husband, Ralph Barré. The accusation seems to have been substantially correct; but when the marriage took place the husband, who had gone abroad, was supposed to be dead. In 1546 a private act of parliament was passed on Sir Ralph Sadler's behalf, apparently to legitimise his children. He had three sons: Thomas, who succeeded him; Edward of Temple Dinsley, Hertfordshire, and Henry of Everley, Wiltshire; and four daughters, who all married. There is a portrait of Sadler at Everley.

[Sadler's State Papers, with memoir and historical notes by [Sir] Walter Scott, 2 vols. 1809; Memoir of the Life and Times of Sir Ralph Sadler, by Major F. Sadleir Storey; State Papers, during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Elizabeth; Knox's Works; Calendar of Hatfield Manuscripts in the Hist. MSS. Comm.]

T. F. H.

SADLER, THOMAS, in religion Vincent Faustus (1604–1681), Benedictine monk, born in Warwickshire in 1604, was converted to the catholic religion by his uncle, Father Robert Sadler (d. 1621), first Benedictine provincial of Canterbury. Entering the order of St. Benedict, he made his profession at St. Laurence's monastery at Dieulouard in 1622. He was sent to the mission in the southern province of England; became cathedral prior of Chester, and definitor of the province in 1661. In 1671 he and John Huddleston, another Benedictine, visited Oxford to see the solemnity of the Act, and on that occasion Anthony à Wood made their acquaintance (Wood, Autobiogr. ed. Bliss, p. lxix). Sadler died at Dieulouard on 19 Jan. 1680–1.

His works are:

  1. An English translation of Cardinal Bona's ‘Guide to Heaven, containing the Marrow of the Holy Fathers and Ancient Philosophers,’ 1672, 12mo.
  2. ‘Children's Catechism,’ 1678, 8vo.
  3. ‘The Devout Christian,’ 4th edit., 1685, 12mo, pp. 502.

He was also the joint author with Anselm Crowder [q. v.] of ‘Jesus, Maria, Joseph, or the Devout Pilgrim of the Ever Blessed Virgin Mary,’ Amsterdam, 1657, 12mo. He probably wrote, or at least enlarged, a book of ‘Obits’ attributed to his uncle Robert.

[Oliver's Cornwall, p. 523; Snow's Necrology, p. 69; Tablet, 1879, ii. 495, 526, 590, 623; Weldon's Chronological Notes, pp. 122, 156, 193, Suppl. p. 15.]

T. C.

SADLER, THOMAS (1822–1891), divine, was the son of Thomas Sadler, unitarian minister of Horsham in Sussex, where he was born on 5 July 1822. He was educated at University College, London, studied for some months at Bonn, and proceeded to Erlangen, whence he graduated Ph.D. in 1844. He entered the unitarian ministry at Hackney, but migrated in 1846 to become minister of Rosslyn Hill chapel at Hampstead, which he served for the remaining forty-five years of his life. In 1859 he published ‘Gloria Patri: the Scripture Doctrine of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit,’ in which he defended the unitarian position against the views expressed in the ‘Rock of Ages’ by Edward Henry Bickersteth (afterwards bishop of Exeter). Through his instrumentality the new chapel on Rosslyn Hill was opened on 5 June 1862. Dr. James Martineau preached the opening discourse, which was printed, together with Sadler's sermon on the closing of the old chapel and an appendix on the former ministers of Hampstead. Sadler was specially interested in the history of the older English presbyterianism. His literary tastes and intimacies, together with his knowledge of German university life, led the trustees to confide to him, in 1867, the editing of Crabb Robinson's ‘Diaries.’ The work appeared in 1869, and a third edition was called for in 1872; but only a small portion of the Crabb Robinson papers (now in Dr. Williams's Library) was utilised. In addition to minor devotional works, Sadler was also author of ‘Edwin T. Field: a memorial sketch,’ 1872; ‘The Man of Science and Disciple of Christ’ (a funeral discourse on William Benjamin Carpenter [q. v.]), 1885; and ‘Prayers for Christian Worship,’ 1886. He died at Rosslyn Manse on 11 Sept. 1891, and was buried on the 16th in Highgate cemetery. At the time of his death he was the senior trustee of Dr. Williams's Library and visitor of Manchester New College, where his addresses were highly valued. Sadler married, in 1849, Mary, daughter of Charles Colgate, but left no issue.

[Baines's Records of Hampstead, 1890, p. 97; Inquirer, 19 and 26 Sept. 1891 (memorial sermon by Dr. James Drummond); Times, 18 Sept. 1891; Sadler's Works; J. Freeman Clarke's Autobiogr. 1891, p. 369; private information.]

T. S.

SADLER, WINDHAM WILLIAM (1796–1824), aëronaut, born near Dublin in 1796, was the son by a second wife of James Sadler, one of the earliest British