He was abstemious in his diet, but enjoyed a pipe of tobacco for breakfast, and a glass of mum at night’ (Cole MSS., quoted by D'Oyly, ii. 69; cf. ‘Some Remarks’ of his ‘Life,’ prefixed to his Sermons, 1703, p. 29). On his deathbed he repeated more than once, ‘What I have done, I have done in the integrity of my heart.’ His nature was ‘pure, deep, poetical, and religious’ (Ranke, iv. 345; cf. Le Neve, Bishops, &c. i. 205–8). In an age of the greatest political profligacy no charge could be brought against his honour. As theologian and politician he was a disciple of Andrewes and Laud. He was the last of the old school of ecclesiastical statesmen, as Tillotson was the first of the new.
[Tanner MSS.; manuscripts of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, with information kindly supplied by the bursar of the college; D'Oyly's Life, 2 vols. 8vo, 1821; Biographia Britannica, 1760, vol. v.; Le Neve's Lives of the Bishops of the Church of England since the Reformation, i. 197–220; Burnet's History of his own Time; Wood's Life and Times; Lathbury's History of the Nonjurors; Gutch's Collectanea Curiosa; Hearne's Diaries, Works; Cal. State Papers, Dom.; Hist. MSS. Comm. Reports; Emmanuel College Mag.; Ranke's History of England, vol. iv.; Macaulay's History of England; Tryal of the Seven Bishops, 8vo, London, 1716; many news-sheets and pamphlets of the time; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy; Somers Tracts.]
SANCTOFIDENSIS JOHANNES (d. 1359), theological writer. [See St Faith's, John of.]
SANCTO FRANCISCO, ANGELUS à (1601–1678), Franciscan writer. [See Angelus.]
SANCTO FRANCISCO, BERNARD à (1628–1709), Franciscan. [See Eyston, Bernard.]
SANCTO GERMANO, JOHANNES de (fl. 1170), theologian. [See John.]
SANDALE, JOHN de (d. 1319), bishop of Winchester and chancellor, was probably a native of Yorkshire. He first occurs as one of the king's clerks on 17 Oct. 1294 (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward I, 1293–1301, p. 98). In May 1297 he was appointed controller of receipts in Gascony, whither he accompanied Edmund of Lancaster (ib. pp. 247, 571, 586; Cal. Close Rolls, Edward II, ii. 62, 173). On 6 April 1299 he was appointed treasurer of St. Patrick's, Dublin, and a few years later became chancellor of that church (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward I, ii. 404). In September 1299 he was sent on a fresh mission to Gascony (ib. p. 440). From 1300 to 1303 he was keeper of exchanges in England (ib. pp. 504–5; Sweetman, Cal. of Documents relating to Ireland, v. 122, 272). In 1304 he was employed to levy a tallage in London (Chron. Edward I and Edward II, i. 132). Previously to 2 Nov. 1304 he was chamberlain of Scotland, and retained this post till the end of the reign, being also employed in negotiation with the Scots (Cal. of Documents relating to Scotland, vol. ii. passim). In February 1306 he was one of the deputy-guardians of Scotland. After the accession of Edward II, Sandale was, on 7 Aug. 1307, appointed chancellor of the exchequer (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward II, p. 6). In May 1308 he resigned this post (ib. p. 72), and from this time acted as lieutenant for the treasurer till 6 July 1310, when he succeeded Walter Reynolds [q. v.] in that post (ib. p. 234). He had resigned his office before 12 Nov. 1311 (Cal. Close Rolls, Edward II, i. 443), probably through illness, for in the following March he was falsely reported to be dead, and an order was made for the sequestration of his goods on account of his debts to the exchequer (ib. i. 412; Reg. Pal. Dunelm. i. 172, iv. 102–3). As a royal clerk, Sandale received numerous ecclesiastical benefices, although in 1307 he was still only subdeacon. He is mentioned as holding sixteen parochial benefices in England, besides Dunbar in Scotland (Cal. Pap. Reg. ii. 9, 27, 88, 120; Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward II, pp. 111, 232, 480). On 16 May 1309 he was appointed prebendary of Dunden, and on 11 Sept. 1310 provost and prebendary of Wyveliscombe, Wells; at Lichfield he held the treasurership, to which he was admitted on 12 Jan. 1310–11; at York he held successively the prebends of Fenton, Gevendale, and Riccall; at Lincoln that of Croperdy, at St. Paul's that of Newington; he also held canonries at Howden, Beverley, and Glasgow (ib. pp. 115, 277, 480–1; Le Neve, i. 581, ii. 140, 417, iii. 184, 189, 209; Cal. Pap. Reg. ii. 150). In May 1309 Edward II collated Sandale to the archdeaconry of Richmond, but this was contested by the pope, who claimed it for the cardinal Francis Gaetani, and Edward eventually gave way (ib. ii. 53; Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward II, i. 111, 176–7; Cal. Close Rolls, i. 173, 252). Sandale was likewise master of the hospital of Katherine without the Tower (ib. i. 285). In 1311 he was elected dean of St. Paul's, but was not confirmed in the office (Le Neve, ii. 311). He received a prebend in the collegiate church of Crantock, Cornwall, on 22 Feb. 1315. Murimuth mentions Sandale as one of the English clerks whose good benefices and fat prebends had excited papal cupidity