his will, proved 28 March 1663, is in the Harleian MSS. (7048, pp. 356–7). Sanderson married, about 1620, Ann, daughter of Henry Nelson, B.D., rector of Haugham, Lincolnshire, who survived him. He mentions in his will that he had lived ‘almost 43 years in perfect amity’ with his wife. An anonymous portrait of Sanderson is at the episcopal palace, Lincoln, and Bromley mentions engravings by W. Dolle, Hollar, Loggan, and R. White.
Of his numerous writings the chief are: 1. ‘Logicæ Artis Compendium,’ 1618, which went through many editions. 2. ‘Ten Sermons’—‘ad Clerum 3,’ ‘ad Magistratum 3,’ ‘ad Populum 4’—1627; these were gradually added to, becoming ‘Twelve Sermons’ in 1632, ‘Fourteen’ in 1657, and ‘Thirty-six’ in 1689. 3. ‘De juramenti promissorii obligatione’ (his theological prælections in 1646), 1670. 4. ‘De Juramento’ (said to have been translated by Charles I when a prisoner in the Isle of Wight), 1655. 5. ‘De Obligatione Conscientiæ’ (prælections at Oxford in 1647), 1660.
He wrote in his will: ‘I do absolutely renounce and disown whatsoever shall be published after my decease in my name’ (Harl. MS. 7048, p. 357). Nevertheless after his death were published: 6. ‘Nine Cases of Conscience occasionally determined,’ 1678. 7. ‘A Discourse concerning the Church,’ 1688. 8. ‘Physicæ Scientiæ Compendium,’ 1690.
Besides his works in logic and theology, Sanderson was a diligent student of antiquities, and left large collections in manuscript relating to the ‘History of England, or to Heraldry or to Genealogies,’ to his son Henry (ib.). The transcript he made of the monumental inscriptions in Lincoln Cathedral, as they stood there in 1641, after being revised by Sir William Dugdale, was printed at Lincoln in 1851. An autograph note-book, containing texts suitable for various occasions, is in the British Museum (Add. MS. 20066).
[Walton's Life, corrected and supplemented by Dr. Jacobson in his edition of Sanderson's Works, 6 vols. 1854; Wood's Athenæ, vol. ii.; Aubrey's Lives, ii. 523; Downes's Lives of the Compilers of the Liturgy, 1722; Fragmentary Illustrations of the Book of Common Prayer, ed. by Dr. Jacobson, 1874; Blunt's Annotated Book of Common Prayer, 1890, p. 96; Gent. Mag. 1801, i. 105 (with print of Boothby parsonage); Notes and Queries, 8th ser. xii. 223.]
SANDERSON, ROBERT (1660–1741), historian and archivist, born on 27 July 1660 at Eggleston Hall, Durham, was a younger son of Christopher Sanderson, justice of the peace for that county, who had suffered for his attachment to the cause of the Stuarts during the civil war. He was entered as a student of St. John's College, Cambridge, under the tuition of Dr. Baker, on 7 July 1683, and he resided for several years in the university, where he was contemporary with Matthew Prior. Removing to London, he devoted himself to the study of the common law, and was appointed clerk of the rolls in the Rolls Chapel. From 1696 to 1707 he was employed by Thomas Rymer [q. v.] His first publication consisted of ‘Original Letters from King William III, then prince of Orange, to Charles II, Lord Arlington, &c., translated; together with an Account of his Reception at Middleburgh, and his Speech upon that occasion,’ London, 1704, 8vo. He also wrote a ‘History of the Reign of Henry V of England, composed from printed works and manuscript authorities, and divided into books corresponding with the regnal years.’ The first three books of this history were lost, but the remainder, consisting of six folio volumes, are now in the British Museum (Addit. MSS. 19979–84).
He contributed largely to the compilation of Rymer's ‘Fœdera.’ Rymer's royal warrant to search the public offices in order to obtain materials for this great work was renewed by Queen Anne on 3 May 1707, when Sanderson was associated with him in the undertaking; and another warrant to Sanderson alone was issued on 15 Feb. 1717. After Rymer's death he continued the publication, beginning with the sixteenth volume (1715), which had very nearly been completed by Rymer, and ending with the twentieth, which is dated 21 Aug. 1735. The seventeenth volume, which he brought out in 1717, contains a general index. But his ‘incapacity and want of judgment are very perceptible in the volumes entrusted to his care; they contain documents of a nature unfit for the “Fœdera” in the proportion of three to one’ (Hardy). He either mistook his instructions or wilfully perverted them. Instead of a ‘Fœdera,’ he produced a new work in the shape of materials for our domestic history, in which foreign affairs are slightly intermingled. He contented himself with making selections from those monuments which came easily to hand, and seldom prosecuted his researches beyond the precincts of the Rolls Chapel, of which he was one of the chief clerks. In the eighteenth volume he committed a grave breach of privilege of parliament by publishing the journals of the first parliament of Charles I, contrary to the standing orders of both