Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/291

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By his wife, from whom he was long separated, Sandilands left no issue, and his estates and title devolved on his grandnephew, James Sandilands of Calder.

[Knox's Works; Diurnal of Occurrents in the Bannatyne Club; Reg. P. C. Scotl. vols. i–iii.; Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), ii. 592–3, which is full of errors in the account of Torphichen.]

T. F. H.


SANDILANDS, JAMES, seventh Lord Torphichen (d. 1753), was the eldest surviving son of Walter, sixth lord Torphichen (d. 1698), by his second wife, Hon. Catherine Alexander, eldest daughter of William, viscount Canada and lord Alexander. He was a warm supporter of the treaty of union in 1707. Subsequently he served under Marlborough as lieutenant-colonel of the 7th dragoons. At the outbreak of the rebellion in 1715 his regiment was stationed in Scotland, and on 17 Oct. he made an attempt to drive the highlanders out of Seton House, but without success. He was also present with his regiment at Sherriffmuir. In 1722 he was appointed a lord of police. He died on 10 Aug. 1753. By his wife, Lady Jean Home, youngest daughter of Patrick, first earl of Marchmont, high chancellor of Scotland, he had three daughters, who died unmarried, and eight sons. Of the latter, James, master of Torphichen, a lieutenant in the 44th foot, was badly wounded at the battle of Prestonpans (cf. Alex. Carlyle, Autobiography, p. 143), and died on 20 April 1749; the second son, Walter, afterwards eighth lord, was sheriff-depute of Mid-Lothian at the time of the rebellion of 1745, and was of great service in preserving order in Edinburgh; while Andrew and Robert distinguished themselves as soldiers.

[Histories of the Rebellion of 1715; Alexander Carlyle's Autobiogr.; Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), ii. 595–6.]

T. F. H.


SANDSBURY or SANSBURY, JOHN (1576–1610), Latin poet, was born in London in 1576. He was admitted at Merchant Taylors' school in May 1587, and matriculated, aged seventeen, as scholar of St. John's College, Oxford, 6 July 1593. In 1596 he was elected to one of the exhibitions given by St. Paul's school for the support of poor scholars at the university (Gardiner, St. Paul's Reg. pp. 29, 399). He graduated B.A. in 1597, M.A. in 1601, B.D. in 1608. In 1607 he became vicar of St. Giles's, Oxford. In 1608 he published Latin hexameters, entitled ‘Ilium in Italiam. Oxonia ad Protectionem Regis sui omnium optimi filia, pedisequa,’ Oxford, 8vo (Bodl. Libr.). The dedication to James I shows that the poems were written in 1606. Of this rare and valuable work there is no copy in the British Museum Library. Each page contains the arms of one of the colleges, and beneath are nine hexameters giving an explanation of them, and containing a compliment to the king. Sandsbury also wrote verses in the university collection on the death of Elizabeth, and Latin tragedies, which were performed by the scholars of the college at Christmas. He died in January 1609–10, and was buried in St. Giles's Church.

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss), ii. 58; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714, iv. 1308; Robinson's Merchant Taylors' School Reg. i. 30; Cat. Bodleian Libr.; Madan's Early Oxford Press, p. 72; Lowndes's Bibliogr. Man. iii. 1753.]

E. C. M.

SANDWICH, Earls of. [See Montagu, Edward, first earl, 1625–1672; {sc|Montagu, John}}, fourth earl, 1718–1792.]

SANDWICH, HENRY de (d. 1273), bishop of London, was son of Sir Henry de Sandwich, a knight of Kent (Cont. Gervase of Canterbury, ii. 218). Ralph de Sandwich [q. v.] was probably his brother. He is perhaps the Henry de Sandwich, clerk, who had license to hold an additional benefice, with cure of souls, on 7 June 1238 (Cal. Papal Registers, i. 175). Afterwards he held the prebend of Wildland at St. Paul's (Dugdale, Hist. St. Paul's, p. 279). On 13 Nov. 1262 he was elected bishop of London, and at once went abroad to obtain the assent of King Henry, who was then in France. Thence he proceeded to Belley, where he received confirmation from Archbishop Boniface on 21 Dec. (Cont. Gervase, ii. 218; Ann. Mon. iv. 132). He was consecrated at Canterbury by John of Exeter [q. v.], bishop of Winchester, on 27 Jan. 1263. Sandwich was a warm sympathiser with the baronial party, but, like other bishops on that side, frequently acted as a mediator during the barons' war. On 12 July 1263 he, with other bishops, had a conference with Simon de Montfort at Canterbury to arrange terms of peace; afterwards, by the king's order and with the will of the barons, he had custody of Dover Castle after its surrender by the king's son Edmund, and pending the appointment of a regular custodian (Cont. Gervase, ii. 273). As one of the baronial prelates he joined in the letter accepting the arbitration of Louis IX on 13 Dec. (Rishanger, De Bellis, pp. 121–3). He took part in the abortive negotiations at Brackley at the end of March 1264, and, accompanying Simon de Montfort into Sussex, was sent with Walter de Cantelupe, bishop of Worcester, on the day before the battle of Lewes, to offer a