brothers dissolved partnership, each taking his share, and gave separate entertainments. Sanger, known in his later days as Lord John Sanger, died at Ipswich while on tour on 22 Aug. 1889, in his seventy-fourth year, and was on 28 Aug. buried in Margate cemetery, where a costly white marble monument, part of which represents a mourning horse, was placed above his grave. His will, dated 4 March 1882, left his wife the right to carry on the business, and to use thereon part of his estate, which was valued at 40,747l. 17s. 10d. He had three sons: John, who continued the circus business; George Lord, and James; and one daughter, Lavinia (Mrs. Hoffman), an equestrian performer.
[Information supplied by a member of the family and by Mr. George C. Boase; Era Almanack, various years; Era newspaper, 24 Aug. 1889; Frost's Circus Life; Times, August 1889; Notes and Queries, 8th ser. ix. passim.]
SANGSTER, SAMUEL (1804?–1872), line-engraver, was born about 1804. He was a pupil of William Finden [q. v.], and several of his earlier plates were engraved for the ‘Amulet’ and other annuals, then in the height of their prosperity. These works included ‘Beatrice,’ after Henry Howard, R.A., engraved for the ‘Anniversary’ of 1829; ‘Don Quixote,’ after R. P. Bonington, for the ‘Keepsake Français,’ 1831; and ‘The Death of Eucles,’ after B. R. Haydon, ‘The Lute,’ after H. Liverseege, ‘The Festa of Madonna dei Fiori,’ after Thomas Uwins, R.A., and ‘No Song, no Supper,’ after Henny Meadows, for the ‘Amulet’ of 1832 and succeeding years. He afterwards engraved some larger plates, of which the best are ‘The Gentle Student’ and ‘The Forsaken,’ both from pictures by Gilbert Stuart Newton, R.A., ‘Neapolitan Peasants going to the Festa of Piè di Grotta,’ after Thomas Uwins, R.A., for Finden's ‘Royal Gallery of British Art,’ ‘The Prayer of Innocence,’ after the same, and ‘Le Christ aux Fleurs,’ after Carlo Dolci. He engraved ‘The Young Mendicant's Noviciate,’ after Richard Rothwell, R.H.A., for the Royal Irish Art Union, and other plates for the ‘Art Journal.’ The latter comprised ‘A Syrian Maid,’ after H. W. Pickersgill, R.A., ‘The Victim,’ after A. L. Egg, R.A., ‘Juliet and the Nurse,’ after H. P. Briggs, R.A., and ‘The Sepulchre,’ after W. Etty, R.A., all from the pictures in the Vernon Collection, and ‘A Scene from Midas,’ after Daniel Maclise, R.A., and ‘First Love,’ after J. J. Jenkins, from pictures in the Royal Collection. He likewise painted in oils some fancy subjects.
Sangster died at 83 New Kent Road, London, on 24 June 1872, in his sixty-eighth year, but he had some time before retired from the practice of his art.
[Art Journal, 1872, p. 204; Redgrave's Dict. of Artists of the English School, 1878.]
SANLEGER. [See Saint Leger.]
SANQUHAR, sixth Lord. [See Crichton, Robert, d. 1612.]
SANSETUN, BENEDICT of (d. 1226), bishop of Rochester, was the first precentor of St. Paul's after that office was endowed with the church of Shoreditch in 1203 (Newcourt, Repertorium, i. 97). He also held the prebend to which was attached the church of Neasden (Le Neve, Fasti Eccles. Angl. ii. 414, ed. Hardy). In 1212 he was head of the justices appointed for the four home counties (Rot. Claus. i. 396, 405). He was elected to the bishopric of Rochester on 13 Dec. 1214, and consecrated at Oxford by Stephen Langton on 22 Feb. 1215 (Gerv. Cant. ii. 109, Rolls Ser.; cf. also Wharton, Anglia Sacra, i. 385–6). In 1215 the barons held Rochester, but the city was besieged and taken by King John. Though the bishop had joined Pandulf in anathematising the baronial party, John plundered his church, destroying its manuscripts and carrying off money and plate, even to the crucifixes and vessels of the altar (Annal. Eccles. Roff. ap. Wharton, loc. cit. i. 347; Gerv. Cant. ii. 110). In 1224 he was transacting business in the exchequer court (ib. i. 596, ii. 8), and in October 1225 he was sent on an embassy to France. He died on 21 Dec. 1226 (Angl. Sacr. i. 801; Gerv. Cant. ii. 114), and was buried in his own cathedral (Dugdale, Monast. Angl. i. 156).
[Authorities cited in the text; Foss's Lives of the Judges.]
SANSUM, ROBERT (d. 1665), vice-admiral, was in 1649 master, and apparently owner, of the ship Alexander of 160 tons, which on 28 June was hired for the service of the state at 130l. a month, Sansum remaining in command of her. In 1652 he commanded the Briar, attending on the army in Scotland, and in January 1652–3, off Newcastle, captured a Flushing man-of-war of 15 guns, which he brought into the Tyne, and which was afterwards fitted for the state's service. It was at this time that a charge was laid against him of conniving at his men selling some of the ship's stores and victuals, but it seems to have been put on