Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/425

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Cunningham, iii. 127). The Prince of Wales offered him 12,000l. for the whole, Schaub to keep them for his life; but he would not sell through mistrust of obtaining the money. They were sold by Langford at the Great Piazza, Covent Garden, on three days, 26 to 28 April 1758. A copy of the catalogue, priced and with the names of the purchasers, is in the British Museum (cf. Gent. Mag. 1758, pp. 225–7; Notes and Queries, 5th ser. ii. 22–3). The sale produced 7,784l., a prodigious price in those days. A copy of the ‘Holy Family,’ by Raphael (belonging to the king of France), fetched 703l. 10s., and ‘Sigismunda,’ attributed to Correggio, is entered as sold to Sir Thomas Sebright for 404l. 5s., but is said to have been bought in. This extravagant sum provoked Hogarth into painting his Sigismunda. Schaub's library was sold by Thomas Osborne of Gray's Inn in 1760.

Many letters to and from Schaub are preserved at the British Museum, the chief of them being in the Sloane MS. 4204, the Additional MSS. 22521–2, 23780–3, 32414–21, and among the correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle. Some of his letters belong to the Earl of Stair (Hist. MSS. Comm. 2nd Rep. App. pp. 188–90), Earl De La Warr (ib. 3rd Rep. App. pp. 218–20), and Mr. G. H. Finch of Rutland (ib. 7th Rep. App. p. 518).

[Mrs. Delany's Life and Correspondence, iii. 495–7; Graham's Earls of Stair, ii. 134; Coxe's Pelham Administration, i. 170; Coxe's Lord Walpole, i. 53–145; Coxe's Sir Robert Walpole, i. 179–92, ii. 251–3, 262–3, 270–5, 326–7, iii. 322; Walpole's Letters, ed. Cunningham, i. 83–84, 309; Ballantyne's Carteret, pp. 73–100; Gent. Mag. 1758 p. 146, 1793 ii. 864; Notes and Queries, 7th ser. ix. 207, 331–2; Nichols's Lit. Anecdotes, iii. 650; Gray's Works, ed. Gosse, i. 82; Thorne's Environs of London, ii. 429–30; Walpole's Notes on Chesterfield's Memoirs (Philobilon Soc.), xi. 78–9; Lord Hervey's Memoirs (1884 ed.), iii. 159, 207, 251; Wheatley's Piccadilly, pp. 182–3; Calendars of Treasury Papers, 1714–19 pp. 157, 272, 343, 1720–8 pp. 47, 112, 166, 270.]

W. P. C.


SCHAW, WILLIAM (1550–1602), architect, probably a younger son of Schaw of Sauchie, was born in 1550 (cf. Reg. Magni Sig. 1593–1608, No. 913). For many years he acted as ‘master of works’ in the household of James VI. On 28 Jan. 1580–1 his signature was attached to the parchment deed of the national covenant signed by James VI and his household at Holyrood (now in the Advocates' Library at Edinburgh). On 22 Dec. 1583 he became ‘maister of wark,’ with five hundred marks as ‘yeirlie feall’ or salary, succeeding Sir Robert Drummond of Carnock, and continuing in office till his death. In 1585 315l. was paid to him for work at the ‘Castell of Striviling.’ He was employed on various missions to France. In 1585 he was appointed to receive the three Danish ambassadors who came to the king respecting the latter's marriage with one of the daughters of Frederick II. In 1588 his name occurs in a list of papists whom the presbytery of Edinburgh were empowered to examine should they ‘resort to court.’ In the winter of 1589 he accompanied James to Denmark, returning on 16 March 1589–90 ‘to have all thingis in radines for his majesteis home comming’ (Marriage of James VI, 1828, pp. 15, 29, and appendix ii. 17, Bannatyne Club). On 14 March 1589–90 he was paid 1,000l., expended in ‘bigging and repairing’ Holyrood House and church; and 133l. 6s. 8d. was paid to him for dress, &c., on the marriage of the king and the queen's coronation on 17 May (ib. appendix ii. 15). In 1590 he received 400l. ‘for reparationn of the hous of Dumfermling befoir the Queenis Majesties passing thairto.’ This refers to the jointure house of Anne of Denmark, whose chamberlain Schaw became, and with whom he was a great favourite. In Moysie's ‘Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland,’ 1755, it is stated that ‘Buccleugh was put to the horn for wounding William Schaw, master of work, and making him his second in a combat betwixt him and Sir Robert Ker.’

Schaw played a prominent part in the development of freemasonry in Scotland. On 28 Dec. 1598 he ‘sett doun’ the statutes and ordinances to be observed by all master-masons (Lawrie, Hist. of Freemasonry, 2nd edit. 1859, p. 441). As ‘general warden’ he exercised authority over the masons of Scotland. He subscribed the ‘statutes’ of 28 Dec. 1598, and those of 1599 (Gould, History of Freemasonry, 1883, ii. 382, 387–91, 426).

Schaw died on 18 April 1602, and was buried in the abbey church at Dunfermline—on which he did good work by way of restoration; he is said to have built one of the west towers. A tomb there, erected by the queen of James VI, bears his monogram and mason's mark and a long Latin eulogistic inscription by Dr. Alexander Seton. A copy is given in Monteith's ‘Theater of Mortality,’ 1704. The privy council appealed to the king as to payment of arrears of Schaw's salary to his executor, James Schaw (Melrose Papers, Abbotsford Club, 1837).

A portrait of Schaw is in the grand lodge of freemasons, Edinburgh, and his signature is given in ‘Laws of the Grand Lodge of Scotland,’ 1848.