Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 58.djvu/264

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Vermigli's chief publications were the following: 1. ‘Theses propositæ ad disputandum publice,’ Strasburg, 1543, fol. 2. ‘Oratio de Utilitate … Ministerii,’ Strasburg, 1543, fol.; in English, 1583, fol. 3. ‘Una semplice Dichiaratione sopra gli XII Articoli della Fede,’ Basle, 1544, 4to (translated into Latin, with title ‘Symboli Expositio’). 4. ‘Tractatio de Sacramento Eucharistiæ’ [1549], 4to; gives his account of the Oxford discussion; often reprinted; translated into English by John Udall, with title ‘A Discourse or Traictise’ [1550], 4to. 5. ‘An Epistle unto … the Duke of Somerset,’ 1550, 8vo; translated by Thomas Norton (1532–1584) [q. v.] 6. ‘Defensio doctrinæ … de … Eucharistia,’ Zürich, 1551, 4to (against Stephen Gardiner [q. v.]; often reprinted). 7. ‘Aristotelis Ethicæ cum … Sacra Scriptura collatæ,’ 1555 (Cantù). 8. ‘In Epistolam … ad Romanos … Commentarii,’ Basle, 1558, fol.; often reprinted; translated into English, with title ‘Most learned and fruitfull Commentaries … upon … the Romanes,’ 1568, fol. 9. ‘Defensio sui contra R. Smithæi … de Cœlibatu,’ Basle, 1559, 8vo. 10. ‘Dialogus de utraque in Christo natura,’ Zürich, 1561, 8vo. 11. ‘Epistolæ duæ ad Ecclesias Polonicas … de negotio Stancariano,’ Zürich, 1551 (Cantù). Posthumous were: 12. ‘Loci Communes sacrarum literarum,’ Zürich, 1563, fol.; often reprinted; translated into English, with title ‘The Common Places of … P. Martyr,’ 1583, fol. (has prefixed ‘oration,’ by Josias Simler, on his life and death). 13. ‘Chorus alternatim Canentium,’ 1563 (broadsheet). 14. ‘In librum Judicum … Commentarii,’ Zürich, 1563, fol.; translated into English, with title ‘Cōmentaries … upon the Booke of Judges,’ 1564, fol. 15. ‘In … libros Samuelis … Commentarii,’ Zürich, 1564, fol.; often reprinted. ‘Preces Sacræ ex Psalmis Davidis,’ 1564, 16mo; translated into English by Charles Glemham, with title ‘Most godly Prayers … out of David's Psalmes,’ 1569, 8vo. 16. ‘In … priorem ad Corinthios Epistolam … Commentarii,’ 1569, fol.; prepared for publication at Oxford, and dedicated to Edward VI. 17. ‘Questions proposées & Resolues,’ 1571, 8vo. 18. ‘Epistre … à quelques Fidèles touchant leur abjuration’ [Geneva?], 1574, 8vo. 19. ‘A briefe Treatise concerning … Dauncing’ [1580], 8vo; edited by Rob. Massonius. 20. ‘In Aristotelis Ethicorum … librum primum … Commentarius,’ 1582, 4to. 21. ‘De Libero Arbitrio … et Prædestinatione,’ Zürich, 1587, fol. 22. ‘An Deus sit … author peccati. An Missa sit sacrificium,’ Zürich, 1587, fol. 23. ‘In Lamentationes … Jeremiæ … Commentarium,’ Zürich, 1629, 4to; edited by J. R. Stuckius. His judgment on vestments will be found in ‘A briefe Examination’ [1559], 4to; a prefatory letter by him is prefixed to Jewel's ‘Apologia,’ edition of 1581 and subsequent ones; extracts from his writings were edited in 1849, 8vo, by George Cornelius Gorham [q. v.]; an unpublished letter was edited in 1850, 8vo, by William Goode, D.D. [q. v.]

[The primary source for Vermigli's life is the Oratio de Vita et Obitu by Josias Simler, 1563, in English, 1583; the Leben by F. C. Schlosser, 1809, and the Leben und ausgewählte Schriften by C. Schmidt, 1858, are founded mainly on Simler; the best study in English is in Young's Life and Times of Aonio Paleario, 1860, i. 397–493 and appendix, where use has been made of the Zürich Letters printed for the Parker Society; the Discorso in Cantù's Gli Eretici d'Italia, 1866, ii. 69–80, is a good summary, with some few additional particulars. Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss), i. 326; Wood's Fasti (Bliss), i. 126; Wood's Hist. et Antiq. Oxon. 1674, i. 267 seq.; Strype's Cranmer and Strype's Eccles. Memorials; Granger's Biogr. Hist. of England, 1779, i. 141; McCrie's Hist. of the Reformation in Italy, 1833, pp. 144 seq.; Zürich Letters (Parker Soc.,) ed. Hastings Robinson [q. v.], 1842–5, 2nd edit. 1846; Original Letters (Parker Soc.), ed. Robinson, 1846–7; Benrath's Bernardino Ochino, 1875, pp. 72 seq.; Dixon's Hist. of the Church of England; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1891, iii. 981.]

A. G.

VERMUYDEN, Sir CORNELIUS (1595?–1683?), engineer, born probably about 1595, was son of Giles Vermuyden of St. Maartensdyk, in the island of Tholen, Zealand, by his wife Sarah, daughter of Cornelius Warkendyk of the same place (Visit. London, 1633, ii. 310; Van der Aa, Woordenboek, xix. 184). His native place afforded him exceptional facilities for studying the principles and practice of embanking and reclaiming lands from the sea, and his skill in this profession apparently led to a demand for his services in England. He is improbably said to have noticed the possibility of reclaiming Hatfield Chase in Yorkshire when in attendance on Prince Henry, who died in 1612; but the earliest authentic mention of him in England occurs in 1621. In September of that year the Thames had broken down its banks near Havering and Dagenham in Essex, and Vermuyden was employed to repair the breaches and drain the marshes (Sir W. Dugdale, Hist. of Imbanking, p. 82). In the following year he professed to have accomplished his task, and spent 3,600l. on it; the commissioners of sewers for the county, however, declared that he had accomplished little, and that the land was in