period, 38; the works on the language in the Chin period, 39; the North and South dynasties, 42; the Sin dynasty, 46; the T'ang dynasty, 48; Buddhist monks on the language, 51; invention of printing, 54; writers under the Sung dynasty, 55; the Mongol or Yuan dynasty, 73; works on the language during the Ming period, 78; those of the present dynasty, 84; treatises to teach natives of Kuangtung and Fuhkeen the Mandarin language, 97.
CHINESE OPINIONS ABOUT THE ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF THE LANGUAGE.
Chinese opinions as to first men, they were not mute, p. 103; they and barbarians generally chattered like birds, 103; Chinese regard speech as natural, 104; man speaks when moved, 106; speech before or after music, 106; the growth and changes in speech not arbitrary, 107; earliest articulate utterances of baby, 108; sing-sing, parrot and other creatures can utter words, 109; man alone has faculty of speech, 110; two fold source of speech material and mental, 113; climatic conditions affect speech, 115; speech not enough and visible record needed, 116; precursors of writing, the Ho-t'u, and Lo-shu, and Pa-kua, 118; written characters invented by Tsang Chie but made according to reason, 121; history of writing, 123; Chinese appreciation of value of writing, 125; comparison of written languages of China and India, 126.
ON THE INTERJECTIONAL AND IMITATIVE ELEMENTS IN THE CHINESE LANGUAGE.
Man's conscious control does not extend to the use of emotional and imitative expressions, p. 128; treatment of these by grammarians and philologists, 128; by native scholars in
- See Errata.