Page:Essentials in Conducting.djvu/119

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107
THE ORCHESTRAL CONDUCTOR

TABLE SHOWING RANGES OF ORCHESTRAL INSTRUMENTS

Essentials conducting p119.jpg

Note: The arrangement of instruments here indicated is essentially that found in a modern orchestral score. The ranges given represent practical orchestral usage. Additional tones possible for highly skilled performers or on instruments with certain special keys (like the low b of the flute) are shown in brackets.