Page:Experimental researches in chemistry and.djvu/65

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On two new Compounds

tion; but I could never get accurate results in this way, from the difficulty of producing a complete decomposition, and also from the formation of chloric acid. Five grains of per chloride distilled in this manner gave 4.3 grains of chloride of silver, which are equivalent to 1.06 grain of chlorine; but some of the chloride evidently passed undecomposed, and crystallized in the tube.

2.7 grains of the pure protochloride were passed over redhot pure baryta in a glass tube: a very brilliant combustion with flame took place, chloride of barium and carbonic acid were produced, and a little charcoal deposited. When the tube was cold, the barytes was dissolved in nitric acid, and the chlorine precipitated by nitrate of silver. 9.4. grains of dry chloride of silver were obtained =2.32 grains of chlorine.

Other experiments were made with lime, which gave results very near to this, the quantity of chloride being rather less.

Three grains of pure protochloride were passed over peroxide of copper heated red-hot in an iron tube, and the gas received over mercury. 3.5 cubic inches of carbonic acid gas came over, mixed with .1 of a cubic inch of common air. These 3.5 cubic inches are nearly equal to .449 of a grain of carbon.

These experiments indicate the composition of the fluid chloride of carbon to be one proportion of chlorine and one of carbon, or 33.5 of the former, and 5.7 of the latter. The difference between these theoretical numbers, and the results of the experiments, is not too great to have arisen from errors in working on such small quantities of the substance.

A mixture of equal volumes of oxygen and hydrogen was made, and two volumes of it detonated with the vapour of the protochloride in excess over mercury by the electric spark. The expansion was very nearly to four volumes; of these, two were muriatic acid, and the rest pure carbonic oxide: and calomel had been formed, its presence being ascertained by potash. Hence it appears, that one volume of hydrogen and half avolume of oxygen had decomposed one proportion of the protochloride, forming the two volumes of muriatic acid gas and one volume of carbonic oxide; and that at the intense temperature produced within the tube by the inflammation, the rest of the oxygen and the mercury had decomposed a further