Page:Experimental researches in chemistry and.djvu/67

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52
[1820.
On two new Compounds of Chlorine and Carbon.

found to contain no hydriodic acid, but only pure olefiant gas.Hence the effect had been simply to produce a compound of the iodine with the olefiant gas.

The new body formed was obtained pure by introducing a solution of potash into the retort, which dissolved all the free iodine; the substance was then collected together and dried. It is a solid white crystalline body, having a sweet taste and aromatic smell. It sinks readily in sulphuric acid of specific gravity 1.85. It is friable; is not a conductor of electricity. When heated, it first fuses, and then sublimes without any change. Its vapour condenses into crystals, which are either prismatic or in plates. On becoming solid after fusion, it also crystallizes in needles. The crystals are transparent. When highly heated it is decomposed, and iodine evolved. It is not readily combustible; but when held in the flame of a spirit-lamp, burns, diminishing the flame, and giving off abundance of iodine and some fumes of hydriodic acid. It is insoluble in water, or in acid and alkaline solutions. It is soluble in alcohol and ether, and may be obtained in crystals from these solutions. The alcoholic solution is of a very sweet taste, but leaves a peculiarly sharp biting sensation on the tongue.

Sulphuric acid does not dissolve it. When heated in the acid to between 300° and 400°, the compound is decomposed, apparently by the heat alone; and iodine and a gas, probably olefiant gas, are liberated. Solution of potash acts on it very slowly, even at the boiling-point, but does gradually decompose it.

This substance is evidently analogous to the compound of olefiant gas and chlorine, and remarkably resembles it in the sweetness of its taste, though it differs from it in form, &c. It will, with that body, form a new class of compounds, and they will require names to distinguish them. The term chloric æther, applied to the compound of olefiant gas and chlorine, did not at any time convey a very definite idea, and the analogous name of iodic æther would evidently be very improper for a solid crystalline body heavier than sulphuric acid. Mr. Brande has suggested the names of hydriodide of carbon and hydrochloride of carbon for these two bodies. Perhaps, as their general properties range with those of the combustibles, while the specific nature of the compound is decided by the supporter of