Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/103

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D. it might afford temptation for invading the constitutional authority of the Union, No. XXV. 163
b. the provisions of the Articles of Confederation on State military and naval establishments, referred to, 164
e. the impropriety of restraining the discretion of Congress, on keeping up armies, further considered, 164
a. the uncertainty of the period or extent of the danger to be guarded against, 164
b. it presumes a possibility of collusion between the Congress and the executive, in schemes of usurpation, 165
f. the impropriety of restraining Congress in raising armies in times of peace considered, 165
g. the objection that "the militia of the country is its natural bulwark," considered, 166
a. it often wants "vigor and stability," 166
b. it is not the most economical, 166
c. standing armies sometimes necessary in times of external peace, 167
A. instance of Pennsylvania, notwithstanding her Bill of Rights, 167
B. instance of Massachusetts, notwithstanding the Articles of Confederation, 167
h. the danger of "fettering the government with restrictions" considered, 167
i. "the idea of restraining the legislative authority, in the means of providing for the national defence," further considered, XXVI. 169
a. its origin 169
b. it never found much favor in America, 169
j. "the idea which aims at the exclusion of military establishments in times of peace," further considered, 170
a. its origin and progress, 170
b. vesting authority on the subject in the Congress, a sufficient safeguard, 171
A. because the subject must be reconsidered every two years, 173
B. because "schemes to subvert the liberties of a people require time to mature them for execution," which cannot be secured, 174
C. objection, that the executive may seize supplies, answered, 175
D. an appeal for the Union based on this objection, 175
B. concerning the administration of the laws, XXVII. 176
a. the assertion that the laws which the Constitution authorizes cannot be executed without the aid of a military force, considered, 176