Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/185

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The Fœderalist.

different States, or confederacies, and different foreign nations, and the effects of this situation upon the peace of the whole, have been sufficiently unfolded in some preceding papers. From the view they have exhibited of this part of the subject, this conclusion is to be drawn, that America, if not connected at all, or only by the feeble tie of a simple league, offensive and defensive, would, by the operation of such jarring alliances, be gradually entangled in all the pernicious labyrinths of European politics and wars; and by the destructive contentions of the parts into which she was divided, would be likely to become a prey to the artifices and machinations of powers equally the enemies of them all. Divide et impera[1] must be the motto of every nation that either hates or fears us.[2]


[From the New York Packet, Tuesday, November 20, 1787.]


To the People of the State of New York:

ASSUMING it therefore as an established truth, that the several States, in case of disunion, or such combinations of them as might happen to be formed out of the wreck of the general Confederacy, would be subject to those vicissitudes of peace and war, of friendship and enmity, with each other, which have fallen to the lot of all neighboring nations not united under one Govern-

  1. Divide and command.—Publius.
  2. In order that the whole subject of these Papers may as soon as possible be laid before the Public, it is proposed to publish them four times a week—on Tuesday in the New York Packet and on Thursday in the Daily Advertiser.—Publius.