Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/420

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276
The Fœderalist.

objectors, has no foundation to support it; that if they had exceeded their powers, they were not only warranted, but required, as the confidential servants of their country, by the circumstances in which they were placed, to exercise the liberty which they assumed; and that finally, if they had violated both their powers and their obligations, in proposing a Constitution, this ought nevertheless to be embraced, if it be calculated to accomplish the views and happiness of the People of America. How far this character is due to the Constitution, is the subject under investigation.

PUBLIUS.




For the Independent Journal.

THE FŒDERALIST. No. XL.


To the People of the State of New York:

THE Constitution proposed by the Convention may be considered under two general points of view. The first relates to the sum or quantity of power which it vests in the Government, including the restraints imposed on the States. The second, to the particular structure of the Government, and the distribution of this power among its several branches.

Under the first view of the subject, two important questions arise: 1. Whether any part of the powers transferred to the General Government be unnecessary or improper? 2. Whether the entire mass of them be dangerous to the portion of jurisdiction left in the several States?

Is the aggregate power of the General Government