States? What, but that he might be unequal to the task which the Constitution assigns him? I shall only add, that if his duration be such as to leave a doubt of his firmness, that doubt is inconsistent with a jealousy of his encroachments.
[From the New York Packet, Friday, March 21, 1788.]
To the People of the State of New York:
THE administration of Government, in its largest sense, comprehends all the operations of the body politic, whether Legislative, Executive, or Judiciary; but in its most usual, and perhaps in its most precise signification, it is limited to Executive details, and falls peculiarly within the province of the Executive department. The actual conduct of foreign negotiations, the preparatory plans of finance, the application and disbursement of the public moneys in conformity to the general appropriations of the Legislature, the arrangement of the army and navy, the direction of the operations of war: these, and other matters of a like nature, constitute what seems to be most properly understood by the administration of Government. The persons, therefore, to whose immediate management these different matters are committed, ought to be considered as the assistants or deputies of the Chief Magistrate; and on this account, they ought to derive their offices from his appointment, at least from his nomination, and ought to be subject to his superintendence. This view of the subject will at once suggest to us the intimate connection between the