Page:Firemaking Apparatus in the U.S. National Museum.djvu/15

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FIRE-MAKING APPARATUS.

Fig. 10. FiBE-MAKmo Set. (Cat No. Ii8694, U. S. V. M., Mok As to the plan pursued in grinding out fire, Col. James Stevenson inform- ed the writer that they make a slightly concave place where the burnt holes are seen, cut the notch on the side, sprinkle a little fine sand on the concavity, set the end of the round stick on the sand" and roll it rapidly between the palms of the hands, pressing down hard. The<'sawdust,"Col onel Stevenson called it, oozes out of the notch and forms a small mass, which on blowing slightly be- comes a burning coal, and the application of a little tinder creates a blaze. For preserving the fire for any length of time they use a piece of decayed wood. (Figs. 11 and 12.) Viewed in another aspect than as an implement of necessary or common use, this set is an important cult apparatus in the won- derfully complicated relig- ious worship of the Zuiiis. These people make the sacred tire that burns al- ways in their estufas by friction of wood that has been wet. New fire is made at the beginning of their new year with great ceremony. The house is swept and everything is moved out of it until the fire is made. Their regard for fire and their customs Figs. 11 and 12. FiRE-MAKiNo Set and Slow Match. (Cat. Nob. 127709 and 69850, U. S. N. M., itTi!.1S?.";.sfr?"^'^^^ with yefereftc© to it ^44 i;Vm^^;;r%:o^r- """'^^'^