Page:Folk-lore - A Quarterly Review. Volume 16, 1905.djvu/319

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


The European Sky -God. 271

Finally he is called Fulgurator, Fulminator, etc./ "the Hurler of the Lightning and Thunderbolt," and represented on innumerable works of art as a male figure holding or launching his weapon.- The Romans, following the lead of the Etruscans, distinguished three kinds of thunderbolt hurled by Jupiter : ^ but these are subtleties into which we need not dip.

The rain-storm goes to swell the streams or pools ; and it is interesting to find that Juturna, an ancient Latin goddess of " lakes and sounding rivers," ^ bore a name akin to that of Jupiter.^ Moreover, Virgil and Ovid make Juturna beloved by Jupiter, who rewarded her with sovereignty over the waters.*" It should also be noticed on the one hand that Juturna was the name of a spring close to the river Numicius in Latium,' on the other that there was a famous cult of Jupiter Indiges on the bank of the same river.^ The inscription on the sanctuary of Jupiter Indiges spoke of him as " presiding over the stream of the river Numicius."^ At Rome too Juturna may have been associated with Jupiter ; for at the bottom of her well was

^ E.g. Apul. de mund. 37 dicitur et Fulgurator et Tonitrualis et Ful- minator, Arnob. adv. nat. 6. 23 ubinam Fulminator tempore illo fuit ? and the inscriptions cited in Roscher Lex. ii. 751.

-Roscher Lex. ii. 754 ff.

'Sen. 7iat. quaest. 2. 41, Fest. p. 167 Lindemann, Serv. in Verg. Aen. I. 42.

Verg. Aen. 12. 139.

^Corssen Beitr. z. ital. Sfrackenk. p. 357 derives Diuturna (Roscher Lex. i. 762) or Luturna, like Diovis or lovis, from the root div- : cp. supra p. 260.

« Verg. Aen. 12. 138 ff., 0\. fast. 2. 585 ff.

Serv. in Verg. Aen. 12. 139. So sacred was this spring that, if Servius is to be trusted, water from it was brought to Rome for all sacrifices : Servius, however, or his authority was probably confusing it with the spring of Juturna in the Roman Forum.

8 Liv. I. 2. 6, Plin. nat. hist. 3. 56, alib.

^ Dionys. ant. Rom. i. 64.